Analysing the Karan in the Panchangam 

The Karan is a mathematical measure of the Sun Moon interaction on a half-day basis. There are two Karan in one lunar day/ Tithi. A Karan is a 6 arc deg difference between the Sun and the Moon in the skies. The Karan influence you more on subtle levels as they are connected to the lunar day/ Tithi. They are also the dynamics of the Moon moving in the lunar mansions. The energy as he enters the Nakshatra till halfway is the first Karan of that Tithi and the energy as he moves from the halfway point to the end of the Nakshatra is the second Karan of that lunar day. The Karan are very important as they are one of the ‘5 limbs’ of the Panchangam, the Vedic almanac.

The Panchangam is composed of five units

  • Nakshatra – the lunar mansion occupied by Moon at sunrise of that day.
  • Tithi – the lunar day at the time of sun-rise
  • Vaar – the day from sunrise to sunrise
  • Yog – a measure of how far the Sun and Moon are from each other 
  • And the fifth is the Karan 


There are 11 different types of Karan.

  • Of these, 4 occur only once in a lunar month, these are the Dhruv or fixed Karan. These occur during the Amavasya and the Karan before and after the no-Moon/Amavasya. These can always be very easily located as they are allocated permanently before, during and after the Amavasya.
  • And the remaining 7 Karan repeat eight times a month, these are called Charsanghak ie moveable Karan. Thus a lunar month has 60 Karanas in all, which repeat in specific patterns.

The fixed Karan are

  1. Shakuni
  2. Chatushpad
  3. Naag
  4. Kimstugna

The movable Karan are

  1. Bava
  2. Balava 
  3. Kaulava
  4. Taitila
  5. Gara 
  6. Vanija
  7. Vishthi

Open your vedic astrology app. There will be a section on the daily Panchangam. Here check the Karan for the time you are interested in. eg on 6th Aug 2021, it shows the first Karan to be Garaja (or Gara) till 05:53 am and the second Karan to be Vanija till 18:28. So at 4:30pm the ongoing Karan is Vanija. Similarly you can check the Karan operating at the time of your birth. Do remember to input the correct location in the app. 

Now that you know about the Karna you can use them in planning your daily activities too. This can be in addition to the the Janma navtara chakra, aka Tarabalam (post here), the Choghadiya (post here) and the transits of the Moon also called the Chandrabalam (post here which you already know about.


Birth in any of the Dhruva Karan ie in Shakuni, Chatushpad, Kimsthughna and Naag, or in the Charsanghak Vishthi Karan require remedies. These are the destructive energies. If you were born in these and the necessary pujas were not done after your birth then you will face certain situations in life. The solution for this is to recite the Purush Sukta (Rg ved 10.70. 1 to 16) or at least listen to it whenever that same Karan occurs in the next lunar month. Or you can add this Sukta to your daily practice. This will resolve any issues that are be connected to the Karan of birth. The Purush Sukta is the energy of creation. (I have specifically mentioned the Rg ved as there are several variations of the Purush Sukta from various reference books, the one from the Rg ved would obviously be the original version.) 

And if a new baby is being born in these 5 Karan then get a puja using the Purush sukta. The remaining 7 Karan are considered to be auspicious so no remedies are necessary. 

Lok you go to after physical death

Let’s briefly see how the Karan at the time of your birth affects you. And how to use the energy of the transiting Karan in your daily life. 

Shakuni Karan – शकुनि – This is a Dhruv Karan which occurs once a month on the second half of the 14th lunar day of the dark fortnight, ie Krishna Chaturdashi. It is ruled by the deity Kali. Shakuni in Sanskrit means the one who can read omens perfectly or a bird.

  • Birth reading

If you were born during this Karan then you are a free bird with a positive, forward thinking outlook. An intelligent, intuitive, courageous, clever individual who is capable of taking risks. An impressive balanced personality, you rarely get disturbed. You can sway others with your words and use your talents in a decisive manner. You are more a leader than a follower. You will be known in your profession for your problem solving abilities as you are able to find hidden opportunities for growth. You can be successful in areas related to chemicals, medicines, strategies, planning etc. You have a tendency to try shortcuts, unethical and illegal ways to get ahead. Do not act on these desires as they will land you in trouble. Then life will be full of tension and rewards will be less than anticipated.

  • Muhurt reading

Shakuni Karan is suitable for all activities which involve significant risks. You can perform rituals related to removal of evil eye, destruction of enemies, waging war, spying on others, training animals and birds, etc at this time. This is also a good time to start new medicines, discussions with others, trying for Mantra siddhi, doing pujas of deities etc. 

Chatushpad Karan – चतुष्पद – This is ruled by the deity Vrushabh, ie the Bull, and comes once a lunar month, ie on the first half of the Amavasya, ie the no-Moon lunar day. Chatushpad in Sanskrit means the four footed, with four steps, with four stages, four wheels, four light rays, four pillars, etc

  • Birth reading

If you were born in the Chatushpad Karan, you are a sincere person, ethical, religious, traditional in outlook. You respect your elders, teachers and try to learn what they teach you. You get along with everyone without much fuss. You are creative, think logically, read books, learn, travel and generally satisfied. Life is generally comfortable as you are willing to work for it, you prefer doing a business than working in a job. Some professions which suit your nature are medicine, chemicals, math and logic, professions related to animals and the physical land. Chatushpad Karan has significant energy level but it remains in the potential state. Hard work is necessary to get its energy moving, but once it is triggered it gives success in not-normal types of activities.

  • Muhurt reading

This is a good time for all ‘removal’ sort of work, ie removal of evil eye, Ucchatan of enemies, tantra activities which are risky, unusual or on the border of good/bad. This is not a good time for auspicious or pleasing activities like marriage, naming ceremonies, starting new projects, long journeys etc. This time is for the serious rituals done for departed souls, ie Shraddh or Tarpan etc. You can do Daan, mantra recitation etc especially for the departed ancestors.  This time can also be used for all activities related to 4-legged animals, as its ruling deity is the Bull.

Naag Karan – नाग – This is ruled by the deity Naag also called Phani. It occurs on the second half of the Amavasya, no-Moon lunar day. It is a Dhruv Karan so occurs only once a lunar month. Naag in Sanskrit means, cobra, metals and other resources derived from mountains, cruel person, clouds, most excellent, etc. Phani means the hood of the cobra or metals from the earth.

  • Birth reading

If you were born during this Karan then you are a somewhat harsh, ruthless, irritable and a stubborn personality. You will seem attractive, mesmerising and hypnotic to others. Secretive and intelligent, you prefer keeping your business to yourself. You do not open up to anyone nor allow anyone to get close to you, this can lead to insecurity and depression if you are not careful. Avoid getting into addictions and try to speak the truth in life. Try to use your typical nature productively in life so that the energy is used in something that gives you happiness and progress. Typically professions are related to water, poisons, secrets, intelligent and logic, underground activities like mining, minerals, geology etc. However do not leave anything to chance in life, try to reduce dependance on others, never take loans etc and try to do auspicious works like Daan, pujas etc. 

  • Muhurt reading

The energy of this Karna is not suitable for auspicious or pleasing activities. So avoid starting new things, new projects, pujas, Sanskar like marriage, house-entering etc during this time. Destructive activities like, removal of evil eye, destruction of enemies etc can be successfully performed during this time. You can also do Daan, mantra jaap etc. Activities performed during this time require hard work as the potential of this Karan is more dormant. But once it is prodded into action it gives fast acting results. Its results are always permanent, often cruel, mostly forceful and sometimes hateful.

Kimsthugna Karan – किंस्थुग्न This comes once in a lunar month. It falls in the bright fortnight, the first half of the 1st day after the no-Moon. Ie in the first half of the Shukla Paksh Pratipada. It is ruled by the deities named Marut. This is a typical word ‘Kimsthugna’ and can be loosely understood as ‘what is the Devi?’. It is the first karan after the no-Moon/Amavasya so its possible that this word has some esoteric significance.

  • Birth reading

If you were born during this Karan then you have a lot of positive potential, however to trigger this there have to be additional factors supporting your Moon. Overall this Karan is favourable and it’s results are fast and certain if the other planets support the Moon. Try to remain happy, enthusiastic, active and willing to work so that you can make the most of what you have. Follow your religious, cultural or traditional practices and stay connected to your parents, homeland etc as this will give you strength. You are friendly, helpful and fair in your approach. On the professional front, activities related to money, finances, accounts, gold etc will seem more attractive to you.

  • Muhurt reading

This time is good for new beginnings, work, journeys, all auspicious activities, also for restarting interrupted works, if there are other planets supporting the Moon. Otherwise, spiritual and religious work, like Daan, puja, mantra etc can be done during this time. 


Bava Karan – बव – is ruled by Vishnu and is a movable Karan. It occurs eight times a lunar month in its fixed sequence.

  • Birth reading

If you were born in this Karana, you will have a reasonably good life. There will be a sense of satisfaction and contentment. Innocent and optimistic you are a good person to be with. Genuinely interested in the welfare of others and the society as a whole. You are happy, kind, religious and spiritual by nature. You are interested in trying new things, exploring and learning. So professions connected to these keywords will interest you more. Whatever you do will have an inner core of stability. You have high energy, self-confidence and the ability to work for your goals. You have courage and conviction both so can do well in all types of work. 

  • Muhurt reading

Bava Karan is an auspicious Karan so is suitable for all positive activities like marriages, entering new house, starting new projects, making new contacts, appearing for interviews, completing unfinished work etc. Especially use this time for religious activities.

Balava Karan – बालव   ruled by Prajapati is also a Charasanghak Karan, occuring eight times in a lunar month.

  • Birth reading

If you were born in the Balava Karana then you are rather religious. This is an auspicious Karan and gives a pleasing personality and a generous mind. You will be healthy, attractive and lucky. Creativity and the ability to create will be high. You will be interested in activities related to physical movement, travel, sports, learning, philosophy, social issues, etc. You may be recognised for some significant contributions to the society, religion, education etc. Professions suitable for your nature are those connected with ethics/ morals, religion, teaching, learning, etc which benefit a large section of the society.

  • Muhurt reading

This Karan is suitable for all auspicious activities, starting new work and taking up incomplete projects especially short term projects can be initiated during this period. 

Kaulav Karan – कौलव – is ruled by Chandra and is also a moveable Karan.

  • Birth reading

Kaulava Karan is a generally auspicious Karan but there are some typical issues here. If you were born in this Karan then you tend to be unstable, keep changing your mind frequently. This gives results like frequent job change, change in residence, etc. You never speak about what you really want. Though you have several friends, you keep your secrets to yourself. if necessary you can easily break rules or get into unethical activities, but these later cause you harm. However you are a hard-working person who is generally successful in life. You are suited for all professions connected to support, resource creation and allocation, human resource, livestock, food and liquids. Your overall family and professional life will be good  if you engage in some spiritual activity which helps you control your mind. 

  • Muhurt reading

Kaulava Karan is an auspicious time so is good for initiating new projects or finishing pending ones. Anything to do with women will be encouraged during this time. You are determined to work during this time. Anything that is connected to change, resources allocation and growth will be supported during this period.

Taitila Karan – तैतिल is the next moveable Karan and ruled by Bruhaspati.

  • Birth reading

This is one of the more auspicious Karans. If you were born during this time, you are a strong personality. Physically, emotionally and mentally you have significant strength. Kind, agreeable, honest and firm you are convinced about your own thoughts and decisions. You will achieve a lot in life. Adaptable and versatile, you are quite fortunate in all that you do. Life is reasonably stable, pleasant and auspicious. Professions suited for your nature would be government jobs, managerial jobs, land related jobs, teaching, etc. You are good at managing people and get along with others easily. You are by nature serious, committed, feel responsible and want life to go smoothly. Not over-ambitious but neither are you a walk over. You value peace and personal growth over all else. If this is threatened, only then will you show your fierce and aggressive side. 

  • Muhurt reading

This is a auspicious Karan which gives slow, stable results, these gradually increase with time. Especially use this time for political or legal activities. This is also a good time to perform those activities which require sustained efforts spread over a longer period of time. Or regular work which does not require stressful or hard work. ie this is a good time for doing all those routine work which one has to do to survive and thrive. Projects initiated during this time will be your lifetime projects. Eg building  house, land related work, long term investments, etc. 

Gara Karan – गर – The Vasu rule this movable Karan.

  • Birth reading

If you were born in the Gara karan then you have courage and tolerance. Outwardly a mild and down to earth personality, you need solid things around you. So occupations like agriculture, building houses, anything related to land, or connected to physical material things suit your nature. There is a higher possibility of relocating away from your family or ancestral lands or you may have to travel a lot in your line of work. You have the ability to plan, strategise and visualise. You are ambitious and willing to work for your life goals. You like taking everyone along, avoid hurting anyone, are generally pleasant and well-mannered. You sincerely try to follow your religion, traditions and culture, you live a generally good life.

  • Muhurt reading

This is an auspicious time for taking up new projects, starting a journey, marriage etc auspicious pujas or complete unfinished work. Especially this time is suitable for household related work. You can use this time to learn new skills, try for new opportunities, give exams, participate in competitions, appear for interviews or learn new things. Things started during the Gara Karan give sure successes with time. 


Vanija Karan – वाणिज ruling deity of this Charsanghak Karan is a Yaksh named Manibhadra

  • Birth reading

If you were born during the Vanija Karan then you are a businessman at heart. Good at negotiations, markets, finances etc, you weigh everything before doing it. Hard working, alert, aware of opportunities and ambitious, you will be able to capitalise and gain in several ways. There will be typical struggles in life but you will be able to get out them successfully. You may be required to leave your homeland in order to make your fortune. You are a restless nature, always in motion, working but you also know how to enjoy life. You make contacts and acquaintances who can help you advance in life. True friends will be rare as there is an undercurrent of apartness, superiority and arrogance. All professions where trades, bargains or exchange is involved suit your nature. Organised, talented, artistic etc you are a systematic person who will do well in life.

  • Muhurt reading

Vanija Karana is the best time for all business deals. All sorts of transactions can be performed during this time. Also good for initiating new activities or completing any pending work where profit is expected. 

Vishthi – विष्ठि – Karan is the last moveable Karan and is ruled by the deity Mrutyu or Yamaraj. It is also called Bhadra.

  • Birth reading

This is considered to be an inauspicious Karan. If you were born during this Karan you are a dangerous person, straightforward, unemotional, interested in your own concerns, hardworking, willing to go to any extent to gain what you want, ambitious etc. You do not trust anyone. Professions ideal for you would be the ones where violence, destruction are involved and where innate courage, fierceness, cruelty are also necessary. So choose professions which are connected to disasters, war, police, attacking enemies, adventure, spying, subversion etc as you will be highly successful here. Even surgeries/ medicine can be a good option. You can be famous in life as you have an innate desire to succeed, are fearless and inspire fear in others. You will have very few real friends and will decimate your enemies. Avoid getting into illegal or immoral activities. After getting married, avoid short-term affairs. Avoid getting into unnecessary arguments and make enemies only if you can handle them. ‘Destruction’ has an important role in the energies of the Universe and you need to understand this and its role in your life and life activities.

  • Muhurt reading 

This time is not suitable for all auspicious activities, starting new things etc. If you do start anything new during this time there will be obstacles and barriers which will not allow their completion. Best would be to postpone. This time is good for strenuous activities or work which causes stress, fights, arguments etc. A good time to wage war and engage in destructive activities. Or to remove strain causing things from your life, ie Maran, Mohan, Stambhan, Ucchatan type of activities.

The Vedic calender

Astrology is the study of how we evolve through time. So here is a ‘definitions’ post on how we measure time in the Vedic system. We call our calendar Panchangam.

The zodiac is made of 360 degrees. We measure the arc of a circle in – degrees, minutes, seconds. Vedic astrology/astronomy follows the true zodiac in which we use a correction factor called the Ayanamsha. So Vedic mathematics is extremely accurate.

First the year/Samvatsara. There is a cycle of 60 years each of them have names. This 60 yrs is the nearest possible for 5 cycles of Jupiter transit + 2 cycles of Saturn transit to coincide. (Their cycles coincide at 60yrs, as Jupiter takes 12 yrs to travel around the zodiac and Saturn takes 30 yrs.) A Vedic year finishes when both Moon and Sun are together in the same degree in Meen/Pisces. The day after this, is the start of the new year.

Now there are two movements/Ayan of the Sun in this year. The apparent south ward movement of the Sun /Dakshinayan and the Uttarayan/North ward movement of the Sun. These are caused by the tilt of the axis of the earth. The Uttarayan period of 6 months is generally considered more auspicious for any activity.

There are 12 months/Maas in a year, they have different names from Chaitra, Vaishakh, Jeyshta, Ashadh, Shravan, Bhadrapad, Ashwin, Kartik, Margashirsh, Paush, Magh, Phalgun. Each of these end when the Sun and moon are together in a sign, i.e. they end on a no moon day/amavasya. We use both the solar year and the lunar year (luni-solar system) and the discrepancy between the two is adjusted every three years where a 13th month is added to the year. This 13th month is called the ‘Adhik maas’/extra month and is very good period for doing pujas and stuff.

(Solar month/Saur maas is when the Sun enters into a sign of the zodiac and then exits it. This day when it transits, is called the Sankranti (good forceful forward movement). Sankranti is generally on the 15th of every month when the Sun changes his sign.

The lunar month/Chandra maas is from one Amavasya/no moon day to the next. Those families who follow the strict rules related to time use this Lunar month for their day to day activities. When I use ‘day’, I mean lunar-day always.)

There are 6 seasons/Rutu in India. 2 months make up one season. Starting with Vasant/spring, Grishma/summer, Varsha/rains, Sharad/pleasant weather, Hemant/pre-winter, Shishir/winter.

Now the fortnights, the dark fortnight of the waning moon/Krishna paksha, and the bright fortnight of the waxing moon/Shukla paksha. (Depending on which sort of ritual you are performing, you choose the time. For rituals which are to bring increase , choose the shukla paksha And for rituals which intend decrease of something use the Krishna paksha period.)

Now the day/Vaar. The day starts with sunrise (not midnight) in Indian panchangams/calendars. There are 7 days, from Ravivar/Sunday, Somvar, Mangalvar, Budhavar, Guruvar, Shukravar to Shanivar/Saturday.

Now one Lunar day in context of the movement of the Sun and the Moon is called a Tithi, When the moon completes  12 arc degrees of its movement with reference to the Sun, it is a Tithi/ Hindu lunar day. There are fourteen tithis in each fortnight, then one Amavasya/no moon and one Purnima/Full Moon in each month. Thus there are 30 tithis in a lunar month. (The starting and ending of a Tithi depends upon the degree of the Moon from that of the Sun. Thus a Tithi can start or end at any time in a day.)

Now the half lunar day is called a Karan. Karan is ½ of the Moon Phase day/Tithi and have different names. One Karan period is when the Moon travels 6 degrees arc in reference to the Sun. There are four types of Fixed Karanas as they occur once in a month. And there are seven types of recurring Karans and they each repeat eight times during the lunar month.

Then Yog. There are 27 types of Yog in a sequence from Vishakhamba to Vaidhriti. This is another mathematical calculation, the degrees of the Sun and the Moon in the sky are added then divided by 13°20′. The Yog are in a sequence, so if the quotient is 1 and the remainder is 2deg 3 sec it means that the 1st Yog Vishakhamba has elapsed and the 2nd yog in sequence Priti is on.

The Nakshatra of the day is the one in which the Moon is in during the Sunrise. There are 27 Nakshatra/Lunar mansions each of 13 arc degrees 20 seconds in width. (The moon takes approx 28 days to cover the entire zodiac so an extra small nakshatra arc named ‘Abhijit’ is used as a correction factor. It has spiritual implications in Jyotish.)

The current Rashi/zodiac sign is the one which is occupied by the Moon at sunrise. There are 12 signs and the Moon takes about 2.25 days to transit one sign.

(Your software, even the phone app mentions these details for the day if you want to know)

The Vedic calender

So, for pujas/rituals or for telling someone my birth day in the Vedic system, I will tell the day as per the Panchangam, I will use the names of the Tithi/Lunar day, Paksha/fortnight, Maas/month and Samvatsara/year to define it.

The most basic  are 5 (panch) components (angam), of time, Panchangam.
1. Day of Week/ Vaar
2. Nakshatra (Lunar mansion in which Moon is transiting)
3. Tithi (moon phase)
4. Karana (half a lunar day)
5. Yoga (a calculation for the distance separating the Sun and Moon)

As per Vedic Astrology, it is required to say out aloud the name of these 5 elements in the morning.
• Saying the Vaara (Day of the Week) will help enjoy longevity
• Saying the Nakshatra (Lunar mansion the Moon is in) will help dissolve karmas
• Saying the Tithi (Moon Phase name) will help one enjoy prosperity
• Saying the Yoga will help in keeping miseries away
• Saying the Karan will help in getting desires fulfilled.

This was the very basic stuff taught to me as a child. For astrologers, ‘time’ is a function of the movements of the Sun and the Moon.