The Conch, Shankh

The Conch is one of the most auspicious symbols in Sanatan Dharm. ‘Shankh’ is a Sanskrit word which means, a meter, a mantra, temple, conch etc. Shri Vishnu holds a conch named ‘Panch-janya’ in one of his hands. ‘Panchajanya’ is a Sanskrit word which broadly means the ‘one born by the union of the five’. These 5 can mean the 5 tanmantra, the 5 Gnyan-Indriya, the 5 Karma-Indriya or the 5 Panch-bhoot or the 5 Kosh/sheaths of the body etc. This divine conch is one of the 14 jewels which came out of the Eternal Ocean of Consciousness (Samudra Manthan). All gods, goddesses, major warriors from Ramayan, Mahabharat etc have their own conches, each with its specific name.

The Conch, ShankhThe conch that we use in our pujas is the shell created by the marine gastropod/snail Turbinella pyrum. These commonly found conches are all right handed, they coil dextrally, the aperture is towards the right side (Photo of the Shankh I use). These are used for all routine pujas and rituals and are blown in all auspicious ceremonies. The Shankh itself is also worshipped as a symbol of the Nada-Brahma, the creative power of the Ultimate Reality expressed as Sound.

Now there is the odd conch with the aperture towards the left side, sinistrally coiled. This is very rare and is not worshipped neither used for routine pujas. These are not used for blowing in auspicious ceremonies. This Conch represents energy moving inwards, it is destructive for the manifested. Just like the Swastik moving anticlockwise, or the Ganapati moorthi with his trunk coiled to the right, it represents involution, dissolution, Nivrutti. Only tantriks and people who know exactly what they are doing, will keep, worship, use and blow such a Shankh.

Blowing a Shankh requires that you pucker your lips in a typical way and have some lung power! Both men, women (except the 5 days of the monthly cycle) or children can blow it. However do remember that it requires some skill and lung power. Smaller conches are a bit easier to blow as lesser air is needed. There is only one note felt/heard when you blow, OM. Next time you blow your Shankh, keep your eyes closed and focus on your third eye. Initially you will see bursts of light, if you are on your spiritual path you will see the Shri yantra and as you advance, just the one Bindu. The cymatics of a conch-sound is the Shri-yantra. i.e. if you blow a conch in front of a liquid film or a sand film placed on a metal sheet which can freely vibrate, it will rearrange into the Shri-yantra. 

When you do your Dhyan and progress spiritually, there will come a point where you will hear the sound of the conch (Shankh-nada), it can be so deafening that you might feel that after hearing this you have gone deaf. But even in the initial phases of your spiritual practice if you sit in a silent environment you will hear a deep sonorous OM/conch-sound continuously throughout your Dhyan.

So if you have a conch in your puja ghar/home altar, use it actively. Blow it thrice everyday. The vibrations produced are ‘OM’ and are not only heard by the ears but felt in every part of your bodies (all the 5 sheaths). This sound entrains your bodies to the highest possible vibrational frequency of OM. And your soul feels refreshed as it is entrained briefly with who you really are. You will feel fresher mentally as well as spiritually. You will be healthier and fall ill less. This sound of the Shankh will also clean your house of negative energies.

Then the water stored in the Shankh acquires positive energies and can be used regularly. Keep some water in your Shankh overnight, this is one of the best ways to increase the vibrational levels of water. Drink it for overall health and vitality. If you have skin problems rub this water on the affected part. If there are hair problems, put this water in your scalp. Wash your eyes in this water to keep them disease free and your vision clear. 

The conch is a symbol of the Ultimate reality and is used to generate the sound of OM. It is an essential part of your puja ghar, so buy one and use it.

The Conch, Shankh

There was a question on the Hindu deities, so answering it here.

There is a common idea that the ‘God’ of Sanatan Dharm/Hinduism is Shri Vishnu. It is incorrect. The ‘God’ of Hindus is Energy, i.e. Parabrahma or the Singular Intelligence. Creation of the individual soul+universe, is a game of the three Gun, personified as deities. (Your soul and universe is different from mine.) Raja Gun is the creator principle, Brahma ब्रह्म and Sarasvati सरस्वती. The passion/urge is Raja Gun. Brahma is the potential and Sarasvati is the active principle of Raja Gun. Then Laxmi लक्ष्मी and Vishnu विष्णु are personified Satva Gun who maintain equilibrium. The active and potential principles of Tama Gun are Shakti शक्ति and Shiv शिव, who cause involution/destruction of the created.

As Raja Gun gets spontaneously excited, it immediately puts Satva and Tama out of balance too. They are interconnected. As Satva gets unbalanced by the action of Raja, it manifests as Mahat-Buddhi. i.e. Mahat-Buddhi is created from Satva Gun, this is the basic foundation on which further differentiated tattvas are created. And Satva Gun is depicted as Vishnu and Laxmi.

There is this line from the Tantra-ukta Ratri Sukta, recited by Brahma, विष्णुः शरीरग्रहणमहमीशान एव च, this broadly means “Brahma and Ishan (Shiv), ‘take up’ or ‘put on’ a part of Vishnu’s body/ strength/ solidity/ lowered energy. This action is then seen as both the stillness and movement of the world”. i.e. Raja and Tama gun interact with Satva gun. When Raja and Satva interact, the world moves, evolves. When Tama and Satva interact the world stills, it is involution or ultimately Moksh. Here ‘world’ means an individual soul and his personalised universe. 

Neither of the three Gun are greater or lesser than the other, they are equal. To say that Vishnu is greater than Shiv or Brahma is the lowest of the three, is an unintelligent statement.


The Conch, Shankh






Meaning of So and Ham Sah and Aham

There are two types of sounds, Ahat आहत and Anahat अनाहत. All vibrations of this manifested Universe are the Ahat sounds while Om is the only eternal all-pervading Anahat sound. Soham or Hamsa are the link between the two.

Ahat sounds – These are sounds which are created by two things striking together. e.g. when two stones strike together it creates a ‘struck sound’.  In spiritual context, these things which strike together are the ‘Shabda’ the sound of the words of the manifested Universe. These are created by interactions between the three tendencies, Satvic, Rajasic and Tamasic. These are also linked to the conscious energies of the chakras located within your Sushumna naadi. These Ahat sounds are generated by some sort of vibrations which you can sense. These are sounds multiplied from the energy of Shabda शब्द.

Every type of sound you hear with your sense organs in this world is an Ahat sound. Even the silent, mental jaap, recitation of Mantras are Ahat sounds. Even if you are reciting the Mantra in your mind, your internal energies are ‘striking’ to produce its vibrations. These mantras are of the Manifested Universe and not of the Eternal Consciousness.

Anahat Nada  – अनाहत नाद is a sound which cannot be heard or sensed with your physical sense organs. This is a single sound, the sound of OM. It can be experienced only when the Ahat sounds are silenced. OM is the origin of everything. It is self-sustained, self-generated, all-pervading and Conscious. Nada is the eternal sound which then differentiates into Creation. This is a step-wise process and creates your internal energy chakras and the kundalini etc structure. On the macro-levels the Nada creates the Universes.

The Ajapa mantra Soham and Hamsa are not fully Anahat (as they do have a component of Sa-kaar and Ha-kaar). But as you progress in your Dhyan, the Sa and Ha sounds get nullified and only OM remains. Soham and Hamsa can then be considered to be a link between the Ahat and the Ananhat. These two are the eternal flow of the Anahat OM. They create, sustain and destroy the manifested.

So and Ham Sah and Aham

When you breathe in and breath out, every breath cycle, on the energy levels, you are first created (Purak), then sustained (Antah Kumbhak), annihilated (Rechak), then enter the Shunya/’Conscious nothingness’ state (Bahya Kumbhak) then created (Purak), endlessly. Breathing is not just a physical act!

There are broadly two types of karma. Those karma which are linked to your current horoscope/life have to be experienced thus rebalanced. These are already activated for your current life. You can only reduce the intensity of these karma by practicing some spiritual practices or remedies. Then there is the second type of karma which you have chosen to not resolve in this lifetime. This is the stored karma to be rebalanced in some future life. This second type of Karma can be ‘burnt’ in Dhyan. I hope you have guessed how this can happen. When you do your spiritual practice sitting on your Asan, focus on the Mantra and the third eye chakra, you literally complete one life-time with every breath! With every inhale and exhale, you live out one life-time and the focussed blast of energy you are invoking ‘burns’ your stored karma. As you practice regularly, you will look younger, fresh and vital! (My Dad is in his 70s and he looks like a 40yr old!)

Even if you use the Sanskrit language principles to open up this word Soham = Sah + Aham, सोहम् = स: + अहम् | you will get Sah/ That and Aham /I. With every breath you are affirming ‘That I’.

But what is स:, Sah, ‘that’? ‘That’ cannot be defined using the words and relative meanings of the manifested physical. The complete knowledge of the eternal constant. It is the Ultimate which is described in negation words, ie. has no attributes निर्गुण, no shapes निराकार etc. It just Is.

And what exactly would be ‘I’, Aham, अहम् then? It is not your body, mind, emotions, social standing etc. It is your individual soul. This is how it is created. (I have written about it briefly earlier)

  • The Bindu first divides into the three attributes, Satva, Raja and Tama represented by the Vama Jeyshtha and Raudri chakra in your head, the top triangle of the Shri-yantra.
  • Raja and Satva first combine to produce Mahat-Buddhi (light, intelligence, cognition, self-awareness, great). There are two ways this energy works.
    • When Creation is on, the higher level will lower itself and differentiate further. The Mahat-Buddhi now creates certainty and thus leads to definitive action. This is the point where individual Self is created. Now every individual Self is certain about its existence and will perform actions which will lead to creation of karma. The binding begins in earnest.
    • And when dissolution is on and Kundalini has reached this point and is ascending, this Mahat-Buddhi is converted into the Universal Self.
  • Next Mahat-Buddhi lowers itself down one step and creates Aham. Aham also called Aham-kaar and can take two directions,
    • When creation is on, Aham is the energy of individualisation, personal identity, ‘I am, ‘Mine’, ‘I do’ etc. It is self-referential, perhaps conceit/ Abhiman? And more importantly it is the place where the root of desires/Vasana reside. These Vasana are the tendencies of desire and will be modified into grosser levels and acted upon, Karma creation. Thus Vasana bind you at very deep levels.
    • When dissolution is on and you have reached with the Kundalini at this point, individual Aham dissolves into the Cosmic Aham. You get to experience the Ultimate Self.

The real and complete meaning of Soham would be quite impossible to describe but this much is a mere glimpse of its incalculable power.

If you are aware of the eternal Soham Mantra linked to your breathing, you will be aware  of the oneness of individual soul and the Ultimate. Unless you realise this link, you will continue to think of your personal ego as your identity. You will remain limited, constricted and restricted. Soham is a reminder that you are the Ultimate yourself. When you do your Dhyan with Soham you are breathing in the स:  ‘That’, the One-ness. You are breathing out the ‘I’, अहम्, the limited sense of self, you are expelling it. Thus with time when both equalise and stabilise you will experience the Kumbhak state of pure OM. All of us accept that we are created from the Ultimate or ‘God’ has created us. But this mere acceptance is not enough. If you believe that the Divine has created you, then try to experience the Divinity that you are. So practice and do your Dhyan.

So and Ham Sah and Aham

Hamsa is the second Ajapa mantra which brings the deepest knowledge of your own Self to you. It brings enlightenment. Soham and Hamsa are the same, one cannot exist without the other. The eventually merge and cancel each other out and a pure OM remains.

‘Hamsa’ is said to be the carrier /transport /Vahan वाहन of the Devi Sarasvati/ Gayatri. Hamsa means the bird ‘swan’ in Sanskrit. In popular images the Devi Gayatri is shown to be sitting on a swan. This means, Hamsa/Soham is the support on which the Gayatri is realised. Thus these two mantras are also called the ‘Ajapa Gayatri’. This is important for the aspirant as Gayatri/Sarasvati essentially is Moksh. The Devi Gayatri is the Light of the Internal Source/ Self/ Sun. To experience Her is to experience the Self

There is a popular story that Shiv and his wife Shakti stand at the shores of the Manas-Sarovar lake to observe the Swan swimming on it. This really means that the Eternal energies, Shiv/ passive principle and Shakti/ active principle, are united in the Swan/ Hamsa/ Soham. This union happens at the Manas (illlusion, imagination, mind, existance) Sarovar (body of water, summation of experience, flow). The Hamsa swims ON this illusory lake of experience. The Shiv-Shaki stand outside it and witness (साक्षिन्) to this. In other words, Shakti/Kundalini and Shiv/Parameshwar witness the Creation and the Hamsa. The Hamsa is linked to the Creation but is also quite apart from this. There is a wealth of esoteric meaning in this story.

Whichever story/allegory you like, the fact is that there can be no Enlightenment without these 2 Ajapa mantra. Soham is intention सङ्कल्प, practice साधना and mantra all-in-one!

And for people like us, who are always engaged in the business of living, office, home, house-work, husband/wife, children etc this is the easiest Spiritual practice. If you cannot do regular Dhyan, at least be aware of your breathing and the Ajapa Mantra, Soham /Hamsa which subtly power it. At least start somewhere.


So and Ham, Sah and Aham

The Mantra Soham Hamsa and OM

Every practice of Sanatan Dharm/ Hinduism, the ‘eternal right action’ requires that,

  • you remain in control of your breathing pattern,
  • focus at your third eye
  • and mentally recite a Mantra.

Unless these 3 conditions are satisfied you will not gain control over the pran/vital energy moving in your energy body. And if you do not control the pran, you will not be able to do anything else further.

If you do the breathing or the yogic posture/Asan without the accompanying Mantra, the Sadhana/practice becomes tamasic in nature. The energies invoked will be unmoving, dull and eventually discordant. You are working with your own personal energies, do not experiment. If you do make errors, you will suffer on the internal levels, you might gain physical health but spiritually you will remain nil.

Reciting the Mantra mentally is compulsory. Mantra is not ‘religious’. It is a form of the Universal energy, you are entraining your personal energy with it, so that you attain the Ultimate.

The Mantra Soham Hamsa and OM

Now for doing Dhyan there are only 3 Mantra options,

  1. ‘Soham’- the best option if you want to experience Moksh – you mentally recite ‘So’ while breathing in and while breathing out ‘ham’ mentally. So together it is ‘Soham’. Anyone can do it without formal initiation from a living Guru.
  2. Or ‘OM’ – mentally recite one single OM as you breathe in and one single OM as you breathe out. This much can be done by anyone. (There is one another way of using the OM but you will need a proper enlightened Guru for its initiation)
  3. Or ‘Hamsa’ – mentally recite ‘Ham’ while breathing out and while breathing in ‘Sa’. Together it becomes ‘Hamsa’. This too can be done by anyone without any formal initiation.

‘So’ here is the Universal consciousness/ Param-atma and ‘ham’ is the narrow sense of self/ individual soul/ Jiv-atma.

  • So = Sa + O = success, knowledge, accomplishment + eternal Anahata/unstruck sound (there is sound but nothing was struck to create it)
  • Ham = Ha + M = Eternity + completion, endlessness, the Bindu – this is also a beej mantra when pronounced aloud as ‘hang’

When you breathe in, it is called Purak (filling). This is linked to ‘Sa’ (sa-kaar). When you hold your breath now it is called Antah Kumbhak (internal measure/base) this is linked to the vibration of ‘O’. When you breathe out it is called Rechak (emptying) this is linked to “ha’ (ha-kaar). And when you hold your lungs empty now this is called Bahya Kumbhak (external measure/base) linked to the ‘M’ vibration.

Kumbhak is the important part of breathing, here the inward and outward going breath are balanced perfectly and there is perfect stillness as described in the Vidnyan Bhairav Tantra. This is also the limit/joint, the conscious energy of Sandhya which is also called the Devi Mahamaya. She creates, maintains then destroys and is all pervading.

In the deeper Dhyan phases, the ‘sa’ and ‘ha’ Akshar somehow get ‘deleted’ and only ‘OM’ the primordial Nada remains. This will take some time but it will happen. You keep practicing and witness it when it does happen.

The Ida naadi is linked to the ‘Sa’ and the Pingala naadi to the ‘Ha’. When the ‘Ha’ and the ‘Sa’ get ‘neutralized’ (can’t find a better word) the OM remains. After this the Ida/ Pingala shut down and Sushumna naadi gets active. The pran from the Universe which enters through your third eye chakra moves into the Sushumna. It starts the process of ‘cleaning’ it out. Only when it is completely ‘clean’ and ‘through’, can the energy of self-identification /kundalini enter it and move through it till it reaches the top-most chakra, Moksh.

‘Soham’ is the energy which pulls the Kundalini up towards its merger with the Ultimate. ‘Hamsa’ in this sense would be the energy of manifestation and ‘Soham’, the energy of dissolution. Both are interlinked and equal in the real sense. For creation you need to have a dissolution first, then only can something be created. And for dissolution to happen you need creation in the first place which will be then dissolved. These two are very powerful mantra, but they still are defined. Each is defined in relation to the other, thus are not the Ultimate on their own. They are the link to the Ultimate.

The Ultimate is pure OM.

(How would you describe a pearl? White, small, round, pearly, iridescent, from an oyster, etc. But these terms describe its properties in relation to something else. They do not describe the pearl as such, stand-alone, on its own. Thus a pearl cannot be really described, or can it?)

Now these two mantras are also called the ‘Ajapa Gayatri‘. Ajapa means ‘not counted/recited’. Jap means to count and recite. If you pay attention to the ‘sound’ of your breath, it does sound like ‘so’ when breathing in and ‘ham’ as you breathe out. You are always reciting Soham when you are breathing, unconsciously. See, you are always reciting a Mantra as you breathe. Breath without Mantra is not possible. You do not realise it, but you are doing a 21,600 times jaap of Soham every day. But the trick is to be aware of this continuous sound of Soham. This awareness is called ‘Soham Yog’ or ‘Hamsa Yog’. Your Dhyan is the means to this goal.

When you recite Soham mentally with your breath you are ‘churning’ the internal pran/vital air with your focussed breathing, in and out. You are attracting the Ultimate consciousness by repeatedly calling out its name ‘Soham’ (it becomes OM later, your real name). And you are applying force on the closed door of the Sushumna by focussing on the third eye chakra. The door will open!

Samarth Satguru Shri Muppin Kadsiddheshwar Maharaj

My Guru taught me the Mantra ‘Soham’ in this life 37 yrs ago. It is the simplest and safest means to achieve your spiritual goal, Moksh.

But do you have the Intention? How long will you Play till you decide to come Home?


Panchbhoot the Five elements

Creation is made of five attributes, Pruthvi, Aap, Tej, Vayu and Akash, the Panchbhoot’. Pruthvi is solidity, often called Earth. Aap is fluidity, often called Water. Tej is called Fire but it means the energy which causes change. Vayu is called Wind but it is the vitality of energy. And finally Akash is often called Ether but it means the tremendous potential of creation. These five attributes are the manifested Creation. These are conscious energies and are linked to your energy body and are produced in your chakras where they maintain your personal body/mind/soul.

  • Panch means five, spread out, measure, union, clarity, evidence etc.
  • Bhoot is a Sanskrit (Devbhasha Samskritam) )word which means world, element, spirit, created beings, that which exists, present, truth, pure, past etc.

panchamahabhootThese five, the Panchbhoot, are created from the Bindu, the Paramatma, the Ultimate Reality. Bindu is a concept, it exists but it does not have any dimensions. A line has length, space has three dimensions, but a point? A point is dimension-less. It exists but cannot be defined. The Bindu evolves and differentiates into these 5 elements, this is called Creation, this is called Pravrutti, ‘evolving-out’. When the five bhoot merge and dissolve into each other it is Involution, Moksh, also called Nivrutti, ‘evolving-in’.

The Swastik is a very common symbol of Hinduism/Sanatan Dharm. Swastik means (swa+asti) ‘self-existence’ or ‘well-being’. It represents this dance of Pravrutti and Nivrutti, the creation and dissolution. The four arms of the Swastik taper outwards, are drawn to suggest movement and represent Pruthvi, Aap, Tej and Vayu while the central joint is Akash. Now there are 4 additional dots drawn they too have a meaning, they represent the Nitya part of the element. When the arms are in the clockwise motion it is Creation. When the arms are drawn rotating in the anti-clockwise motion it represents destruction of the manifested. In Indian households you will always find the Swastik drawn in its Creation, Pravrutti form. The destructive/Moksh form of the Swastik is used only by spiritual or occult practitioners who know what they are doing.

Panchbhoot the Five elements Panchbhoot the Five elements

Pruthvi Mahabhoot – The Great Element of Solidity, it supports. It defines Gandha i.e. ‘Relationship’. It contains the energy of Shabda, Sparsh Roop and Rasa too. There are two types of Solidity. One is called the Nitya/Eternal and the other is called Anitya/transient. Nitya Pruthvi is the eternal form of solidity, the 108 types of atoms that make up matter. These cannot be discerned by the senses and cannot be ordinarily destroyed. This is the conscious part of Solidity. Quantum experiments have proved that electrons are ‘tangled’, i.e. conscious of one another. This is Nitya Pruthvi. The Anitya solidity is the temporary shape of the body taken on by all conscious beings. This changes shape and can be destroyed and reduced to the Nitya form. We can sense this form with our sense organs. These transient forms have different names and are classified into animal, plant, rock etc.

Aap Mahabhoot – The Great Element of Fluidity. It is linked to Rasa, i.e Essence. It contains the energy of Shabda, Sparsh and Roop too. The sentiment of continuity is Aap and so is the water drop. Here too the element exists in the eternal/Nitya and Anitya/transient form. There are different types of Anitya forms representing different types and aspects of liquid flowing forms, from rivers on the earth to blood in your body.

Tej Mahabhoot – The Great Element of Energy of Change. It is linked to Roop i.e. Tangibility. It contains the energy of Shabda and Sparsh too. The heat of touch is Tej. Here too this element exists in the imperishable/Nitya and transient/Anitya forms. Fire is of different types, doing different types of work within the body, from Jathar-agni to Shukra-agni. It is also the fire and the lightening you see with your eyes.

Vayu Mahabhoot – The Great Element of Vital Energy. This indicates Sparsh, i.e. Expression. It is linked to Shabda. Vayu too has its eternal/Nitya and temporary/Anitya forms. The temporary forms are of different types, viz, 5 major classes of Vayu move in your body. In the spiritual context, Vayu is the intelligence which rules over the Antariksha/atmosphere. This is also the pran/vital energy which flows in your energy body

Aakash Mahabhoot – The Great Element of Potential of Creation Shabda. This is the summation of the other four. This is the central dot of the Swastik. Aakash has only one form, the Nitya form. This cannot be sensed by any sense organ nor does it have different types. It is eternal and pervades everything. There is nothing called ‘vacuum’ as Akash exists everywhere. Outer space looks dark to the normal eyes but actually is in motion with spirals of energies. Material space is the Bhoot-aakash and the ether of the mind is the Chitta-aakash. But when one refers to Aakash in the spiritual context it means the Chid-aakash i.e. the place of the Paramatma, the Bindu.

These five elements combine in various proportions to create the Pancha-kosh, the five layered body of all beings, conscious/non-conscious.

If you go to a jewellery shop, you will see bangles, necklaces, earrings and other ornaments, they are all different. But they are also the same gold! So the ornaments are inherent in the gold and also gold is inherent in all the ornaments. Depends on how you see it, but remember without the gold you wouldn’t have any ornaments at all.

Similarly Paramatma is hidden in the Panchabhoot and the Panchabhoot are hidden within the Paramatma. The Paramatma is the root cause of the Panchabhoot thus Creation. Depends on if you can see it!



Panchbhoot the Five elements

Getting yourself inked, tattoos

We have been drawing symbols and magical sigils and art on our bodies since times immemorial. Lines, swirls, colors all put in our skin, becoming a part of our bodies for ever. Earlier and even now there are ways of using tattoos for increasing the body’s energies, but these are pretty much secret and used by the real tantriks who have dedicated their lives to high powered tantra.

Getting yourself inked, tattoos

A few days ago I met one of my brother’s friends who showed us his new tattoos. He had got all the 7 yantra/energy geometry of the 7 chakras tattooed on his one arm and the entire Shri chakra on his other arm. It was very beautifully done, we both admired the art, but the effect these tattooed yantra were having on his body was terrible.

If you ever get a tattoo don’t ever get a yantra tattooed. Yantra are not ‘mystical’ they are actual power, they are used to focus energies, they need to be perfectly drawn. When they are drawn on the skin, they are not perfect, the skin stretches and pulls, so you are drawing an imperfect energy geometry permanently on your body. It is highly uncomfortable for the energy body and will cause damage. Yantra also need their associated mantra to channelise its energies. Would you use the chakra yantra or the Shri yantra as a paper-weight on your desk? When you install a yantra/energy geometry in your house or shop, you are required to acknowledge it’s power, even a simple namaskar is enough. Installing them in your skin as ‘art’ and then forgetting about them is unthinkable! This person’s tattoos had become ‘hot’ with unregulated energies. Yantra are not ‘art’, they are raw power, the seed of power, so do not get them tattooed on your skin.

Then we have sigils for power and protection. e.g. runes, You can draw the Algiz rune on a paper and keep it in your purse when you start for a journey. It will protect you for the duration of your journey. Now understand what really happens in the energy sense. The sigil absorbs all the negativity which could have caused problems so that you are kept safe. In this process it gets ‘used’ and when you return, you either burn that paper or leave it under some tree where people won’t step on it. This sigil is an object of power. Now if you get this sigil tattooed on your skin, it will protect you no doubt, but it will also get ‘used up’ during the process and eventually ‘expire’. Now it is inside your skin, you cannot burn or dispose it safely. It will then start creating problems. So avoid getting tattoos of runes and sigils of power in your skin.

(I use my gold jewellery to generate protection. I wear gold bangles after pushing my favourite mantra into them. Gold absorbs energy best. The bangles work for a year or so then they actually break or get distorted on their own. The mantra works, I have been protected, the negativity has been trapped in the gold and when their capacity has been crossed the bangles have broken. Then I get them to my jeweller and he melts them, makes new ones. The heat of the melting restores the ‘purity’ of the gold.)

This does not mean I am against tattoos, I have one myself, my brother and my favourite cousin too. We have got a beautiful ‘Om’ on our right wrists. You can tattoo your favourite quotes, pleasing images, flowers etc. If you want to get a tattoo get something which uplifts you or reminds you of something very close to your heart. Also do not get terrible images or negative ideas or negative images, fearful faces or such drawn on your skin. These will attract their like. Think twice on what design you are opting for, because its energy is going to be with you for a lifetime.


Chakras and their conscious energies

Continuing the theme from my previous post and this post is quite long.

The top of the head is the energy of the Parabrahma and the energy of self-identification, popularly called Kundalini is locked at the bottom of the spine. The entire creation is now between these two energies also called Shiva and Shakti.

All our actions are created by vibrations. The energy required to create this action is first generated in the Sushumna and the naadi system. When we speak there are vibrations but even when we think, or move our hands there are vibrations. The source of all vibrations of every type is inside the Sushumna. I had written about the deity Matrika originating in the – central Bindu, Vama, Jeystha, Raudri complex – which gives rise to all the sounds of the Sanskrit language and thus creation. Now this Matrika energy actually has 7 aspects/Sapta-Matrika named Brahmi, Maheshwari, Kaumari, Vaishnavi, Varahi, Indrani and Chamunda.

Chakras and their conscious energies

Braahmi –

This energy evolves in this topmost energy complex comes down till below the muladhar then again ascends till it is stabilised in the Sahasrara chakra. It has jurisdiction over and pervades throughout all the chakras of the body. The musical tone is Sa (Shatja – meaning a summation of the six lower chakras). Surya/Sun of Jyotish/astrology arises from her. The Vyhruti here is Satyam. (Vyhruti means a stage of vibrations or a defined world or a state of existence.)

She exercises her power called Yakini, i.e. she grants the experience of the ultimate truth to the aspirant and likewise during creation she closes this aspect of Yourself by limiting knowledge, your individual soul is confined to its own narrow self. She answers the question Yak? (Which?, Who?) and allows its experience. She allows you to experience your internal Sun.


This originates in the same topmost complex, spreads till the end of the Muladhar chakra, comes back up and is stable at the Ajnya chakra. She has jurisdiction from the Ajnya to Muladhar chakra. She thus does not extend from the Ajnya to Sahasrara area. She controls the subtle body/sukshma sharir. The Vyhruti here is Tapah. The musical tone here is Re (Rhushabh). She give rise to the Moon/Chandra. Moon is the subconscious and the astral, the sum total of your Being in every level.

The Ajnya chakra is the one which commands (ajnya means command). It directs all movements, thoughts, everything as this is the place which allocates pran. Every action of yours, in whatever plane requires enregy/pran to power it. Maaheshwari uses her power called Hakini and directs everything. Now when the aspirant crosses this chakra on the way up he abandons (Hakini) all external activities. Now the pran is not allocated to the lower chakras, it moves upwards to open up the higher chakras and channels of the head. This Hakini is the Moon that is drawn on the forehead of every Vedic god. She illuminates the path of knowledge from the Ajnya to the Sahasrara.


Aakasha is the conscious space which evolves from Kaumaari. She originates at the topmost complex and similarly extends till below the Muladhar and comes back and is stable at the Vishuddhi chakra having jurisdiction from the Vishuddhi to the Muladhar chakra. The Vyhruti here is Janah. The musical tone connected to this chakra is Ga (Gandhara). Mercury/Budha is created from her. Mercury is analytical intelligence and the boldness when you know intellectually that you are correct.

Daakini is the name of her power. She creates fear i.e. she creates ‘avidya’ during the process of creation. Avidya means unwisdom, unlearning, spiritual ignorance. She ties the individual soul in bindings of ignorance of its reality. For the spiritual aspirant however she destroys Avidya and the concepts of the organs of action and senses.


She manifests the Vayu/Air tattwa/element and is located at the Anahata chakra pervading from Anahata to the Muladhar chakra. The Vyhruti here is Mahah. The musical tone is Ma (Madhyama – the central note). She creates the planetary force called Shukra/Venus. Now her power is called Raakini. She grants happiness, illumination, prosperity and bliss. Now it is your choice which sort of happiness you are after, of the material or the spiritual? For the aspirant she grants you the quiver and the arrow to be used on your bow. Her tests will be the tests of Venus/Shukra the most pleasurable but the most difficult.

Now the bow, archer, quiver, arrow etc are oft repeated words and you will find them in every spiritual text. The Bhagwat Gita was narrated by Shri Krishna to his cousin Arjun who is an archer! In spiritual terms your spine is your bow, your kundalini/energy of self identity is your arrow and your mantra is the bowstring that you pull back on. You are aiming at your own real Self.

Chakras and their conscious energies


She manifests Agni the conscious energy of fire and is located at the Manipur, pervading from here till the Muladhar. The Vyhruti here is Swah. The musical tone here is Pa (Panchama – the fifth). Mangal/Mars is derived from her energy. The energy of birth and also of death are linked here. Be careful of your navel area, if you ever get hit here (e.g. boxing) it will cause damage and will cause problems in spiritual growth.

Now her power is called Laakini. She allows absorption of the energy allocated to the body. In the human physical body this Lakini allows the fires of the body to burn. This includes the digestive fire which allows the physical body to nourish itself. And it also means the spiritual fire which consumes the nectar dripping from center of the head (physically the pineal gland.). (Those yogis who can access this area through specific mudras can actively use it. It will then further the spiritual growth rather than just being burnt, it is quite fiery in nature.)


She manifests the Aap/water mahabhoot i.e. conscious energy of fluidity and has jurisdiction over the area from the Swadhisthan to the Muladhar. The Vyhruti here is Bhuvah. The musical tone here is Dha (Dhaivata). The energy of Jupiter/Bruhaspati is produced from her. Her power is called Kaakini. Kaa is the eternal Question, Who?, you will be made to understand the widest scope of this question here and then tested. When you cross this chakra, you will be granted steadfastness, protection, a long and healthy life for the physical body etc. She is benevolent, gentle all pervasive, but will not give her answers, will make you work hard for them till you understand her lessons. She also protects her manifested universe, so here your resolve in leaving her fun-fair will be tested to the limits.

This chakra is called swa- adhi-sthan. (abode/base/support of the self) Here your self is fixed in the energy sense. Between the Swadhisthan and the last Muladhar the 72000 naadi which energise your body are attached. For the aspirant however, here is where you, the warrior, will sit in your chariot, with the steadfast resolve of approaching the Supreme’s abode.


She manifests the Pruthvi/earth tattva/element and is located at the Muladhar chakra. The Vyhruti here is Bhu.The musical tone here is Ni (Nishada – lowest energy level). The Shani/Saturn energy of astrology is manifested by her. She keeps track of the karmic record you have built up and when the time is right offers you a way out. She offers to teach you the lessons which will loosen your bindings to the manifested universe. But she is quite fearsome and not every one will take her up on her offer right away.

Her energy is called Saakini. Saakini binds the Serpent Kundalini to the hexagonal Kurma-shila. She is thus responsible for the created life. If the Kundalini is detached from the kurmashila it is physical death. This is the point where the subtle energies finally manifest as the gross physical, this is the joint. This is where the pran turns into the energy of the body, and vibrations are slowed down to seem ‘matter’. If Saakini is pleased with your resolve she will unfasten the locks of the Kundalini. Your limited physical existence will be terminated as you move towards your magnificent ultimate self.

This was a very brief about the energies of the 7 Chakras and their conscious energies.

Chakras and their conscious energies

Now a bit more.

There are 7 notes of the musical scale which are also connected to the Chakras and thus a well organised music, the Raaga has the capacity to elevate the human soul.

The tattva or the mahabhoot are the 5 elements which make up the universe. The Sanskrit words are translated into earth, water, fire, air and space but it is not the gross stuff that we see with our eyes. The Pruthvi, Aap, Tej ,Vayu and Akash are the subtle seeds and are conscious energy. You can manipulate them with your intention and mantras, e.g. if you know the mantra for the pruthvi tattva you can make your gross body weightless.

The seven graha are linked to the 7 chakras but where are Rahu and Ketu? These two are produced because of the desires/apathies of the Jivatma/individual soul. They are ‘unreal’ in a very deep way. These are the bonds of karma which push/pull the energy geometry out of its perfect shape. In the heavens too they move anticlockwise, opposite in direction to the other seven. Rahu/Ketu in perpetual retrograde motion replays the experiences of your life. They operate on the psychological and inner spiritual levels.

The powers of the Sapt Matrikas, from Yakani to Sakini always challenge the spiritual aspirant. They test the resolve and the intention in every way possible. Depending on which spiritual text you are following they will take that form, e.g. if you are following the Bhagwat Gita, you will have to take on these powers as the Kaurav army and warriors from the Kurukshetra war in your Dhyan. Only when you have defeated them, will they be satisfied and grant you their blessings and boons. So focus single-pointedly on your Mantra (Om/Soham/Hamsa), your third eye chakra point and your breath. These are your weapons.

The top Parabrahma is the pull of gravity (Gurutvakarshan – pull of the Guru). The 7 planets are the Naga at every chakra, the 7 mountains which block the route, the Rahu/Ketu are the karma which cause push/pull and the energy of self-identity is locked below this axis below the kundalini. So Moksh in Jyotish terms. If you can align these 7 mountains into the perfect alignments, nullify the effect of Rahu/ Ketu the route will be prefect, the Gurutvakrshan/attraction of the Parabrahma will be irresistible and your self- identity will rise perfectly in one smooth motion.

(The descriptions are from older texts, from this description from the Devi Mahatmya, page no 162 of this Sanskrit e-text and a bit from my very limited understanding and experience.)


Chakras and their conscious energies

(There was a request for a post on the individual chakras, it took some time to frame it in simple words, but I hope this post was of help to you.)

Kundalini, the chakras and creation

I have written about the energy vertices/chakras and the energy lines/nadi running along the spine in this previous post. Six chakras from Muladhar to the Ajnya in the spine are said to be the lower ones and six more exist in the head and in the astral self above the skull, making 12 major chakras in total. There are several smaller chakras/vertices in the body, eg in your palms and soles of the feet. You can feel the whirring in your palms when you use Reiki or make a chi ball. Now a bit about some of the chakras and naadis of the head.

The Sushumna nadi/central high tension channel carries the thinner Vajrini inside it. Inside this is the even subtler Chitrini. Inside this is the subtlest Brahmanadi. When it reaches the head the Sushumna bifurcates. At the back of your skull where your neck ends, there is a small hollow, at this point the Sushumna divides into 2.

  • One portion of the Brahmanadi/highest tension channel, now continues straight to the top of the head till the top bindu and the brahmarandhra.
  • The other portion continues horizontally through the pineal gland till the third eye chakra. This third eye chakra point is called the Kuthastha and represents the meeting point of the 3 naadis, Sushumna, Ida and Pingala (the 3 high energy channels).
  • Now from the Kuthastha, the Brahmanadi alone continues through your forehead till it reaches the Brahmarandhra. 
  • These 2 sections of the Brahmanadi, one from along the back of the head and one from along the forehead, now meet at the Brahmarandhra.
  • The top bindu, brahmarandhra and sahasrara chakras are interconnected one above the other at the top of your skull.

When the pran, followed by the energy of self identification, ie Kundalini, runs in these sections of the Brahmanadi and completes the circuit at the top bindu, the brahmarandhra will be accessible. The soul can then exit through it with full awareness and you get videha-mukti (death of the physical body + Moksha). If your soul does not want to exit and continue as an enlightened Guru for the benefit of others, the soul can continue in the body with full awareness in a state called Jivan-mukti. (Moksh while continuing in the body).

There are 3 chakras surrounding the top bindu located in an equilateral triangle around it. These are also locks and the pran first and the energy of self-awareness has to navigate these locks and open them. These are Vama, Jeyshtha and Raudri.

Kundalini, the chakras and creation

Let’s digress a bit now and see how creation occurs. Creation basically means the creation of the individual soul. When each individual soul gets created it then uses its own limited power of creation to further create its own personal Universe. The Creative Force of the Ultimate, basically creates the Soul/ Jivatma.

The origin of Creation is Vibrations. The Parabrahma creates Devi. The Parabrahma can be thought of as a Lamp and the Devi its Illumination. You cannot separate the two. If there is a lamp there will be its light and conversely. However the Lamp remains the source of the Light. But when the Parabrahma creates the Light (also called Prakruti) we will call the Source (Purush, as here duality has been created from the Eternal Singularity). So next, Devi creates the subtle resonance, Naada (There are 2 aspects of Naada each with specific attributes – Naadanta and Nirodhini ). Next created is Om, the pranava mantra, the ‘unstruck’ sound (sound was created but nothing was struck to create it), the primal vibration. You can perceive this subtle sound with your entire being. If you have had the fortune of sitting near a real enlightened Guru, the vibrations and the power from his aura is this.

Now the sequence is this Parabrahma – (Purush with) Devi – Naada – Om – to the next Bindu. Bindu is a ‘dot’, of compressed unimaginable potential energies. This would be the location of the topmost Bindu of your skull. This Bindu then divides into 3 energy points or chakras called Vama, Jeyshtha and Raudri. This triangle and the central bindu is responsible for our existence and all our actions.

  • Raudri represents the Kriya shakti, the energy of movement and helps the spiritual aspirant by destroying his karma balance sheet. However in the process of creation here is where your karmic balance sheet is created.
  • Jyeshta is linked to jnyana shakti and for the aspirant represents the subtle desire to seek knowledge of the self. At every point in the energy channel there are two possible directions for evolution, the inward moving/nivrutti and the outward moving/pravrutti. If you wish to seek the material you will move along the pravrutti direction and if you wish to seek the self you move in the nivrutti direction.
  • Vama represents the Iccha shakti, if the aspirant wishes to cross this chakra he has to terminate the seeds of the desire of seeking worldly pleasures. Or the other direction, when you are being created, this is where the desire for worldly experiences are linked into your Jivatma/individual soul. Whatever binds you also has the power to release you, the choice is always available to you.

Now at this level, the vibrations are still in the subtle planes, high in energy, not yet sufficiently lowered to be felt as the manifested gross. They are the subtle seeds. This portion in the Shriyantra geometry is the central dot and its surrounding equilateral triangle.

Next these 3 bindus together downshift their energy of subtle sound and create the Matrika/the deity considered as the creator of the sounds of the Sanskrit language (Devbhasha Samskrutam). Matrika produces her creations, the 16 Kala/’atom’, seeds of matter. The first fifteen kalas are the 15 vowels of Sanskrit (a, aa, e, ee, u, uu, rhu, rhuu, lhru, lhruu, ae, ai, o, au, am). The sixteenth kala is called the visarg  अ:/’aha’. The : sign is called a Visarg. This sixteenth kala is the source of all the consonants of Sanskrit.

When the Matrika produces her creations, the sounds, the original energy of creation moves further down as the energy structures of the Shatchakras, the six lower Chakras Ajnya, Vishuddhi, Anahata, Manipur, Swadhisthana and Muladhar are created. The consonants are now linked to the ‘lotus’ ‘petals’ of each of these chakras as beej mantras. These are still subtle seeds of creation not manifested.

The energy of vibrations is brought lower and lower and becomes more and more differentiated. Finally this subtle energy of self-identification is locked with the locks of the Kundalini and the entire structure of sound fixed into the Kurma-shila below the lowest Muladhar chakra. Thus the physical body is created out of vibrations. Now the 33 types of energies/33 koti devata, are used to lock the physical structure in all the possible dimensions of space/time etc.

Kundalini, the chakras and creation

Thus self awareness is brought down from the Parabrahma to the limited consciousness of the human soul. To go back to your original state of consciousness i.e. to experience Parabrahma again you have to reverse this entire process. The energy of self-identification has to be released from its kundalini locks and systematically brought up.

If the naadi route is perfectly harmonious with the original vibration that created it, the energy will just shoot up in an instant. You want to experience yourself, this desire is always there! The perfect structure looks like the Shrichakra in 2D or the Mahameru in 3D when seen from the top. The kundalini lock is at the very bottom, when the energy is released it has to navigate this maze like geometry in all possible dimensions. Each vertex of this yantra/energy diagram represents a complicated locking mechanism and the straight lines are extremely fine subtle energy lines millions of times thinner than your hair. Such a huge quantum of Kundalini energy has to be brought through these thinnest naadis and manoeuvred through each of those locks. Can you imagine the type of control you need to have on yourself? ‘Yourself’ here means your energy of self identification, Kundalini.

But as we have taken on karmas, their subtle influences have distorted our internal energy structure. It does not look like the perfect geometry anymore. So the best possible you can do is to focus on your practice and set your geometry right. The instant your energy geometry gets perfect the energy locked by the kundalini will rise in one smooth motion perfectly.

This was on how we are formed of Vibrations and are energy which is slowed down so much that it looks like matter.