Bhagwat Gita as Yog-shastra

Yog means union and shastra means a manual, rules, a step-by-step direction. Union of what? Of the body with the soul, of the soul with the Eternal, of karma with the soul, ‘union’ can be quite a wide topic. From the Sadhak’s point of view union means self realisation this is achieved after the union of the Kundalini with the Para-‘unknowable beyond’ Moksh.

There are several Gita-s. The Bhagwat Gita is recited by Krishna in the Mahabharat, it is in Sanskrit – Devbhasha Samskrutam. It is fundamentally an Advaita experience. The first commentary i.e. Bhashya on the Bhagwat Gita is written by Adi Shankaracharya. In fact before he wrote his Bhashya, the Bhagwat Gita was not very popular, as its real nature is extremely esoteric. This Bhashya clearly establishes the Gita to be a manual for attaining Sadyo-mukti i.e. experience Advaita/ Non-duality. This Bhashya is obviously written in Sanskrit. Most of us have lost touch with our real mother-tongue Sanskrit. Then the more recent commentary ‘Pranab-Gita’ originally in Bengali and available in Hindi was written some 150 yrs ago. Some of us can read these languages so this is very valuable. It also about Advaita. Read these commentaries if you want to understand what the Gita really means. Else read the actual Gita in Sanskrit. Even now in traditional Indian schools, the children are required to learn by heart the actual Gita shlok/verses. Even if you do not understand it, the original Sanskrit will go deep within and trigger changes.

Dhrutarashtra Uvacha, ‘Dharamkshetre Kurukshetre Samaveta Yuyutsavah, Mamakah Pandavashchaiva Kimakurvata Sanjay’.

The first verse of the Bhagwat Gita starts with ‘Dharma-kshetrae Kuru-kshetrae’. Now what is this really, the physical battle-ground? Perhaps yes, when you were a child and your Grandmom told you stories from the Mahabharat. But not anymore. You are a sadhak now, the meaning is different for you.

A quick re-cap. You are familiar with the energy structure of your body. There are 6 chakra, linked to your back, from the base of the spine to the center of the eyebrows, Muladhar, Swadhisthan, Manipur, Anahat, Vishuddhi, Ajnya. Then there are the six chakras in the head, Mula, Vama, Jeyshtha, Raudri, Sahasrara and the Bindu. The Kundalini is the energy of self-identification locked at the Muladhar chakra and it is supposed to reach the top-most chakra complex of Sahasrara+Bindu. Thus you achieve self-realisation or Moksh.

You also know about the 24 Tattva-s of creation. These are Prakruti, Mahat-buddhi, Ahamkar, Manas, the 5 sense organs, the 5 organs of action, the 5 panch-bhoot/ elements and the 5 tan-matra/ perceptions. I have written about these in my earlier posts. This is how your individual soul is created and the differentiated from other souls.

All this energy now forms your energy body and this is the Kshetra.

You know that there are the three Gun, Sattva, Raja and Tama. You, your body and mind are animated by the movements of these Gun. These three Gun are represented by the top-most triangle of the Shri-yantra. Now these three pervade throughout the energy body animating it. Their action divides the Kshetra into 3 parts.

The first part is the Karma-kshetra or simply Kuru-kshetra. ‘Kuru’ in Sanskrit means to act eg ‘kim kuru?’, means ‘what to do?’. So Kuru-kshetra means the ‘field of action’. This is composed of the 11 tattvas ie the 5 sense organs, the 5 organs of action and the Manas. This area is dominated by the Raja and Tama Gun. This part is connected to the actions related to the external world. You sense things, you see, smell, taste, etc. You also move things with your hands, legs and reproduce, create children etc. All this stuff is connected with the external world. These are infinite actions created by infinite permutations and combinations of these tattvas and animated by the Raja-Tama Gun-s in combination. The mind/ Manas is more dominant in this region and it decides what actions are to be taken.

Kundalini and the Shatchakra

Then next part of the energy body is the Dharmakshetra-Kurukshetra. This is composed of the Sushumna which extends from the Muladhar chakra to the Ajnya chakra and includes the 6 lower chakras. This part of the energy body is controlled by the Ajnya chakra. Your individual soul resides in the Ajnya chakra. The Bhagwat Gita starts with this word and the first verse/shlok describes this region. This is the real battle-ground of the spiritual aspirant.

This region is dominated by Satva-Raja Gun-s. The lowermost area near the Muladhar chakra is pervaded more by the Raja-gun and the upper areas near the Ajnya chakra is more Satvik. This is the reason why starting spiritual practice is so difficult. The Raja dominated lower chakras, i.e. Muladhar and Swadhisthan, do not allow the mind to focus, there is always movement. These lower chakras are linked more to the field of action ie the Kurukshetra, so are susceptible to greater interference from the tattvas. The gross body moves, the pran moves and the mind also moves under the influence of external forces and it takes significant mental force to still them. Raja means movement. But if you persevere and battle it out here, your body and mind both start getting still and more sookshma/ subtle or fine. Later, things ease out as you approach the Satva dominated upper regions.

The Satva and Raja are in equilibrium at the Manipur chakra. This chakra is the location of the samaan vayu. It is when you reach this chakra that the Kundalini actually starts getting aware. Reaching the 10 petalled lotus of the Manipur is the crucial point in your sadhana. In the Gita this stage is described as the fall of Bhishma, which takes place on the 10th day of the war.

In this Dharmakshetra-Kurukshetra region the mind/ Manas and the individual soul/ Jivatma both operate. Your individual soul along with the mind together have control over the actions of this region. Here the 5 subtle perceptions, tanmatra reside. Also the 5 -bhoot, the conscious parts of the earth, water, fire, air and ether. These are the subtle tattva-s. These move outwards and power the sense organs and the organs of action. But when these subtle tattva-s turn inwards they illuminate the real self. If you consciously act here you can influence your mind as well as soul. This happens when you do your Dhyan with pure Om or either of the ajapa mantra-s Soham or Hamsa. Thus is the paramount importance of this Dharmakshetra-Kurukshetra region.

If the aspirant wishes to realise himself, he has to fight the battle here in Dharmakshetra-Kurukshetra. The tendencies of the Mind fight the tendencies of the Intelligence. The mind and the creations of the mind attack, there is no other word, they really attack, these are the armies of the Kuru.

The aspirant stills the flow of breath by pranayam, thus the flow of pran also starts getting regulated. Then pran is made even finer, ie extreme control over the movement of the pran is achieved. Thus you make this thinnest pran move in a controlled way into the Sushumna. While you are doing this the mind located in the Ajnya chakra also is required to be made still. These things happen simultaneously and spontaneously.

How do you thread a needle? It is the same concept, but here the thread/pran is a million times thinner. You cannot see it with your physical eyes. The eye of the needle is in fact a super-thin tube twisted and re-twisted in complicated knots. You are required to push your pran-thread through all these twists. It requires super-intense focus. Another problem is that you really don’t have the thread-pran available. Pran is being distributed by the Ajnya chakra to the entire body! Your thread is frayed! So first you have to collect the pran at one point. All this happens gradually as you do regular Dhyan. (My Guru, his Guru, his Guru-brothers all are very clear on this, if you do your Dhyan regularly as it should be done, you will achieve your goal within 2 yrs.)

And, the last part of your energy body is the Dharma-kshetra. This extends from above the Ajnya chakra and includes the 6 chakras of the head. This is the region of the Para. This is also called the Bindu Mandala of Shri-Vidya. Here the Satva-Tama Gun dominate. There Raja-Gun does not push things out of equilibrium. Here things are still, stable. The topmost Bindu is the abode of the Para in your own body. The residence of the Bhairav of Vidnyan Bhairav Tantra. Dharma also means the right foundation. This region is neutral in nature. If you reach this level in your Sadhana you move onwards by the inexorable pull of your own Self. Things don’t get easier but the pull is stronger. It is Sahaj/ spontaneous.

The Gita is highly esoteric. It took an entire post to write about just ‘Dharmakshetra-Kurukshetra’ and I haven’t even touched 5% of its reality. So read the original Sanskrit Gita, or the Bhashya by Adi Shankaracharya or the Pranab-Gita. For the real Sadhak there is no other option. Any other ‘translations’ of the Gita are ok for the beginner levels but are extremely misleading for the real aspirant. A commentary is only as good as the person who wrote it. A person who has actually practiced and experienced the Gita a Yog-shastra, is an authority, none other.

Every story in Sanatan Dharm aka Hinduism is about the Kundalini its movement and your eventual Moksh. Every single story. There are 3 very valuable books which detail the step by step process on Dhyan and spiritual progress. I keep these with me always for reference because these also describe what happens when you do practice.

  1. Vidnyan Bhairav Tantra
  2. Bhagwat Gita
  3. Devi Mahatmya or Durga Saptashati

The first is a clear precise manual. The other two are written as allegory-stories, but are quite understandable if you know Sanskrit. And they all describe the same thing. The words may be different but they ultimately mean the same.

Vishvam-aatma vinirgatam’. Creation has emerged out from the Singular Atma. A real sadhak does not worship a specific ‘deity’. Hinduism has several gods, goddesses, deities and energies which are worshipped. This is necessary for the initial steps into Sadhana. But a genuine aspirant does not worship a ‘form’, he is an Atma-sadhak, an aspirant of the Self. His goal is Sadyo-mukti. He desires to know himself completely, aatma-pratishtha, and is determined to attain Brahma-sthiti the stability of the Self.

 

Kundalini and the Shatchakra

 

Tripur, Tripurari, Tripursundari

A story today.

All stories from Sanatan Dharm/Hinduism are allegories and have hidden meanings which help you on your path to Yourself.

This story is about the Tripur. It is from the Mahabharat and also mentioned in the Yajurved. First the story in simple words.

There were three brothers named Vidyunmali, Tarakaksh and Kamalaksh, the sons of Tarak-asur. These three brothers did intense austerities, as a result Brahmadev was pleased. They desired three indestructible cities, one for each. But Brahmadev was like, ‘nothing lasts forever’, so the brothers added a caveat that the cities would be impregnable, indestructible etc and would be destroyed only if one single missile hit them all three at once. Brahmadev was ok with this and thus the brothers got their cities. They got their architect, Maya-danav to work on the cities and got the Tripur constructed. The three cities were more like planets, each moved in independent orbits. However the three cities would align with each other, just for one instant, once in a thousand years. These cities were unassailable citadels and ideal for waging war on others. So the three brothers went on a rampage and wrecked havoc on the Universe. Everyone in the Universe rushed to Vishnu for help. He came up with a solution, Shiv would fire the missile at the Tripur at that one instant when they would aligned, thus destroying them all at once. So for this task, the following stuff was sourced,

  1. Prithvi was the chariot.
  2. Gandhamadana and Vindhya mountains were the frame of the chariot.
  3. Shesha was the Aksha/ axis of the chariot
  4. The Moon and the Sun were the two wheels of the chariot
  5. Malaya mountain was the yoke of the chariot.
  6. Gandharva-s named Elapatra and Pushpadanta bound the yoke and the chariot.
  7. Takshaka the Naag was used to tie the chariot and its yoke, pins, etc together.
  8. The four Ved-s were the four horses who pulled the chariot.
  9. The six Vedang were used as the bridles on the horses
  10. Gayatri and Savitri were the reins
  11. Om was the whip
  12. The charioteer was Brahmadev
  13. The Mandara mountain was the bow
  14. Vasuki the Naag was the bowstring
  15. Vishnu was his missile.
  16. Agni was tip of the missile
  17. Vayu was the side balancer of that missile
  18. Yama was the tail-balancer of the missile
  19. Vajra was used as a whetstone to sharpen the missile
  20. Meru was the standard/flag which was raised on the chariot.

Shiv then stood immobile on this chariot with the missile ready on his bow. The three cities, Tripur, came into alignment for that one instant in thousand years. He then sent this missile against the three cities, burning and reducing it to nothingness. The name of the fire which burnt the Tripur was called Yug. Then Shiv marked his forehead with the Tripundra (the three horizontal lines) with the ashes of the Tripur and danced his Tandav. Shiv is called Tripurari, (Tripurasya ari) the enemy of the Tripur.

Tripur, Tripurari, Tripursundari

This day when Shiv destroyed the Tripur is celebrated now as the Tripurari Pournima. This is the full-moon day in the month of Kartik (November). On this full-moon day, the Sun is in the Vishakha Nakshatra. The Moon can be in three possible lunar mansions, in Bharani or Kritika or Rohini. If it is in Kritika and conjunct Jupiter it becomes a very rare Mahapournima, perhaps this happens once in thousand years! However worship of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiv is performed on Tripurari pournima and it gives very auspicious results.

Now the esoteric significance. This story is describes how you experience Moksh. A Sanskrit mini-translation of the words.

Sanatan – eternal, without beginning or end. The beauty of our Dharm is that it derives from the inner self. Even if the knowledge of the Eternal, e.g. books, temples are destroyed, teachers/brahmins/Guru are killed etc, it will rise again from the inner soul.

Dharm – foundation, solidity, firmness, virtue, ethics, merit, right, character. It is the right action that you are required to perform as per your conscience.

Tri – three. A lot of things in creation are in triplets. The three-gun, Satva, Raja Tama. The three bodies, Sthool, Sookshma, Karan. The three states of Existance, awake, dream state, deep sleep. The three tendencies in Ayurved, kapha, pitta and vata. The three forms of Gayatri mantra, Gayatri, Savitri, Sarasvati. The three Granthi in the path of the Kundalini, Brahma, Vishnu and Rudra Granthi etc.

Pur – town, fort, body, intelligence, initial creation.

Initial creation starts with the creation of Purush and Prakruti. Prakruti, the active principle, further creates the Manifested. Prakruti is composed of the three Gun, Satva, Raja and Tama. These are the tri-pur, the first created triad. These are seen in the Shri-yantra geometry as the top-most equilateral triangle below the bindu. In the body these are the 3 topmost chakras, Vama, Jeyshta and Raudri. The Bindu is the Prakruti, also called ‘Lalita Tripursundari’.

Lalita means ‘the one who plays the game’. Tripur is the tri-gun. Sundari means yellow, beautiful woman, a meter of prosody, the one who is equally divided, equal streams, equal creation, equal cleaving, equal ignorance. So now, ‘Lalita Tripursundari’ will mean the ‘One who Plays’ who is further divided into the three equal energies of the initial creation. Prakruti is composed of the 3 Gun. Satva, Raja and Tama are equal in strength. As long as they are in perfect alignment the triangle remains equilateral. When they get pulled out of alignment the triangle loses its perfection, ignorance is created and the rest of creation follows. This further creation caused by the action of Raja-gun/Brahma on Satva/Vishnu and Tama/Shiv.

If you want to shoot up your kundalini to the very top, the three Gun have to be brought into perfect alignment again.

Tripur, Tripurari, Tripursundari

Tarak-aksh – blind to the the Unfathomable which exists behind the Light. However covered by superficial shimmering light. (The Reality is hidden by the Splendour that it radiates.) In Dhyan you see the silver/gold lightening at your third eye, the trick is to not get enamoured of this light, as the Reality is concealed behind it.

Vidyunmali – covered by lightening but lacking the real internal lustre. Creation might look very pretty but it is quite insubstantial on the inside.

Kamalaksh – blind to real Prosperity, endowed with superficial wealth. We run behind the objects of the created universe oblivious to the real Wealth that spiritual practice can give us.

Tarak – liberator, saviour, darkness, meteor-light, eye, driver, float.

Asur – spirit, divine, sign of the zodiac, opponent of the light, cloud.

In all the stories there is a common theme, that an Asur rises up becomes powerful and creates havoc in the Universes. Everyone then rushes to the three main deities or their wives for help. The deity kills the Asur and peace is restored. However to understand these stories in the real sense, one has to remember two things,

1. nothing is inherently ‘good’ or ‘bad’. Everything just ‘is’. Your perception and your conscience labels something as ‘good’ or ‘bad’.

2. Every action you take leads you to Yourself. You reach the limit of emotion, action anything, you reach the Ultimate. Kunti reached the limit of ‘sorrow’ thus found the Divine. Tarak-asur reached the limit of ‘evil’, thus found the Reality. Everyone’s path is different but it all leads to the Parabrahma. You can only choose your route, the destination is the same.

Brahmadev – conscious potential energy of the Raja-gun. This further creates the energies below the tri-gun. Brahmadev controls the Brahma-granthi which is located at the Muladhar chakra connected to the Prithvi tattva.

Vishnu – conscious potential energy of the Satva-gun, this balances between the creation and destruction (below the tri-gun). The granthi at the Anahata chakra is called the Vishnu granthi.Shiv – conscious potential energy of the Tamo-gun. Tamo-gun is a highly cryptic one. The commonly understood meaning of tama is dull, discordant, dangerous, damaging etc. But there is something called ‘Vishuddha-tamo-gun’, Shiv represents this. Its quality is to still, to dampen, to smother. The time from 10pm to 2am at night is pervaded by this vishuddha-tamo-gun. If you are able to do your sadhana at this time you can progress faster. The granthi at the Vishiddhi chakra is called the Rudra granthi.

Tripur, Tripurari, Tripursundari

Prithvi – earth element of the Pancha-bhoot. The conscious energy of stillness, solidity and firmness.

Gandhamadan – the sound that the muladhar chakra makes. It sounds like a heavy buzzing of the bumble-bee. Literally it means one who is intoxicated by fragrance.

Vindhya – the one who aims single-pointedly for the experience which is desired

Shesh – the remaining energy which remains surplus after the creation. It is visualised as an elephant at the base of the spine and as the Naag/serpent bed on which Vishnu rests at the top of the spine. Shesh is the name of one of the ‘elephants who support the Earth’. Elephants are distinguished by their trunk ie sense of smell thus often associated with the imagery of the Muladhar chakra. The Muladhar chakra is linked to the sense of smell and to the prithvi tattva. Also if you want to access the granthi/energy knot at the base of the Muladhar chakra, you have to first face Ganapati in his terrifying Uddanda-Ganapati form. Thus poetically elephants can be described as supporting the Earth!

Aksh – axis, wheel, pivot, measure, dice, court, 5, balance, cube, weight, snake, soul, vehicle, religious knowledge, bones, blind person, senses. Sanskrit is a palimpsest, you have to know which meaning to use where!

Chandra – moon, left eye, Ida nadi, brilliant, pleasant, camphor, metre, gold. The energy associated with the Ajnya chakra. It is the sum of your existence, past, present, future and parallel.

Surya – sun, 12, pingala nadi, brilliant, gold, auspicious. The energy associated with the Sahasrara chakra. This is your self-ego, your first cut-off from the Universal Reality.

Malaya – a measure, mountain. Mountains are the energies which spike out from the Muladhar chakra. Himalaya is the tallest physical mountain, thus his daughter is called Parvati who wishes to marry Shiv.

Gandharva – ‘small in quantity but very fast moving’. These are a class of beings.

There are several beings who inhabit this earth, Yaksha, Gandharva, Naag, Rakshas, Danav, Daitya, Dev etc. These are found in places not inhabited by humans. In the Himalayas there are several ancient temples which were made and used by these beings. Eg the Kasardevi temple in Almora belongs to the Yakshas. The Kotgadi and Haatkali temples belong to the Naags. There is a Yakshavati river in Pithoragad (it is dying now), where the Yakshas would come every full-moon night. Even now there are several remote places in the Himalayas where it is advisable to avoid going, especially on full moon and new moon nights.

Tripur, Tripurari, Tripursundari

Pushpadant – expanding point (this is a paradox)

Elapatra – flowing constant (this is also a paradox). The Parabrahma, Ultimate reality cannot be described in the words of this manifested creation thus is often considered to be a paradox.

Takshak – craftsman, one who creates solid stuff from diffuse materials. This is the name of a Naag. Naag also represent the bindings of karma. You too act and create stuff. When you act with intention and self-ego you create karma. This is also linked to the way kundalini is locked above the muladhar chakra. Mountains and serpents are both connected to the muladhar chakra and represent the karma.

Naag – serpentine, elephantine, cruel, living in water, name of a vital energy/pran, ephemeral, metal, mating. Naag is also derived from Nag meaning mountain. Mountains are again associated with the imagery of the Muladhar chakra.Ved – perception, knowledge, property, sacred, property, truth. If you do your Dhyan long enough you will be granted the knowledge of the Ved. You will literally hear them, these are the ‘Shruti’, ‘heard’.

Vedang – the six sciences which help understanding the Ved, shiksha, chhand, vyakarana, nikruta, kalpa, jyotish. These are related to the deepest understanding of Sound and Time.

Gayatri – meter of 24 syllables, Gayatri mantra, or more precisely the form of the Gayatri mantra which is recited at dawn.

Savitri – the conscious energy of the internal light which you see at your third eye. Also the form of Gayatri mantra which is recited at midday.

Om – your real name, the origin of this universe. It is created from Prakruti. It is one of the three possible options for mantras to be used in Dhyan, the other two being Soham and Hamsa.

Mandara – mirror, heavy, firm, heaven, chain of pearls, mountain, meter, a tree. Poetically Mandara (Erythrina indica) flowers are worn by Lalita Tripursundari. Actually her energy is of brilliant red color, you will find real tantriks always put a red tilak indicating that they worship Her.

Tripur, Tripurari, Tripursundari

Vasuki – the serpent/Naag which Shiv wears around his throat also ‘desire’.

Agni – 3, third eye, ajnya chakra, fire from the Pancha-bhoot, brilliance, gold. All deities linked to the tri-gun, Brahma, Vishnu, Shiv, Sarasvati, Laxmi and Shakti have three eyes, these have the conscious energies of Sun, Moon and Fire.

Vayu – desirable, vital energy, intelligent energy of the air. One of the panch-bhoot. This is the vital energy which flows in your body. You think you breathe oxygen, but in fact you are pulling in Pran, a type of Vayu from the Universe. Yogi-s do not need oxygen, they can live off pran directly.

Yama – flight, motion, incoming, driver, moral duty, rule, control, self-restraint, key, vibration. For any spiritual practice Yama in all its forms is essential.

Vajra – impenetrable, shaped like a dumb-bell, a form of the moon, spiritual practice. Indra (from the 33 koti devata) carries the Vajra in his hand. It continually generates the silver/gold lightening. This is significant as Indra is your individual soul, you yourself create the glittery veil behind which lies your reality. Sanatan Dharm is all about the individual and his experience. Top priority is to the one who experiences. And you can experience only if you practice. Give yourself these 20mins every day and experience it for yourself.

Meru – the backbone, zenith, the geometry of the Shriyantra in 3 dimensions. The Meru as a symbol of victory is raised on the chariot. This indicates that once the Tri-pur are destroyed the top of the Meru/ Bindu is achieved.

Yug – time

Tandav – The dance performed by Shiv which results in complete annihilation of the manifested. He destroys Apasmar, ie confusion of the mind by this dance and reminds you what you have forgotten. You have forgotten your real self.

You can now take the meanings and fit them into the story, see what you can make of it! But basically the gist of the story is that you have to take your missile/energy of self-realization, from the Muladhar chakra to the top of the Meru, only then will you remember your Reality. In this journey you have to take the help of so many things/energies which are at your disposal.

 

Tripur, Tripurari, Tripursundari

(There was a question on the Tripur story so wrote this, my personal understanding of it. This is an important story, as it actually tells you how you have to go about freeing yourself from the Illusion around you. Each one of us will experience this same thing during Dhyan as we move onwards on our spiritual journey to the Self.)

Venus and Mars placed in the 8th house

Venus placed in the 8th house.

This is a reasonably favourable placement but a bit typical. Venus and Mars get along quite well and he is comfortable in this house. But do check out which sign he is occupying and he is placed here as the ruler of which houses of the chart (i.e.where are Taurus and Libra placed?). This helps in in-depth analysis. Also the strength of the ascendant sign/lord, 8th house lord and Mars.

Venus here is the agent of hoards, relationships and balance in the house of sudden catastrophic identity changes. You can make the most of this combination by consciously initiating changes rather than having them suddenly forced on you.

You will be quite intelligent and well-known in society, but very few people will know the real you. You like discovering secrets, you enjoy this deeply, you are skilled at extracting information. And then you prefer hiding your real self. You will always have secrets and also know how to use them.

You do not follow established religion. You do your own esoteric /spiritual /occult practices and are quite good at these. If you are a woman these tendencies will be more powerful. All professions indicated by the 8th house are possible in this Venus placement, a doctor involved in childbirth or cosmetic surgery, confidential financial work, emergencies, disaster relief, mining and exploration, healers, occultists etc are all possible.

There will always be some irregularities in love affairs and marriage. Relationships may begin and end shockingly? Multiple marriages and secretive relationships are possible. The actual wedding event may be low-profile. The spouse may have occult tendencies or financial abilities which he/she keeps secret. Or the spouse may deliberately keep a socially low profile. If Venus is unable to give good results, the spouse, especially the wife, might suffer with medical problems or have a relatively short life. The spouse and in-laws will be generally charming, fair people. You will be on good terms with them. Spouse’s speech, voice, face and behaviour will be fair and balanced. However all your relationships will have something concealed which can cause problems. You always keep a part of yourself secret in all relationships, and simultaneously your partners will also keep their secrets. Venus in 8th is secretive but not dishonest (unless malefic influences). There will be issues because of this so always try to understand the other before taking a final decision.

Marriage and partnerships will generally give gains. You might marry for money! Legacies and inheritances can come in. However it would be good if you keep a monthly account of earning/spendings to ensure that your financial situation remains comfortable. You keep your financial dealings, money and properties secret. If Venus is afflicted you might engage in shady deals and financial crimes.

Medical problems can be of the blood, kidney, reproductive organs, diabetes, connected to liquids in the body. Death can occur in a highly spiritual place or in a place of pilgrimage. It is generally a long life with an easy death. If the horoscope supports, this Venus can grant Moksh or at least significant spiritual growth.

Venus and Mars placed in the 8th house

 Mars placed in the 8th house.

Mars is the natural ruler of the 8th sign of the zodiac, Scorpio and always exerts his subtle influence on the matters of the 8th in every chart. The agent of life and death, placed in the house of death is not easy and requires careful analysis. A lot will depend on which sign occupies the 8th and Mars as the ruler of which houses is placed here (where is Aries and Scorpio placed). It is a challenging placement but can give good results.

Energy will be high and you perform well in emergency situations. You thrive on high energies. You need the buzz! If you do not get it from your environment, you will then create such energies yourself. But if you are placed in a tense situation you absorb it into yourself and can actually act a calming agent! So go out, engage in physical activity, learn contact sports, drive, feel your blood pounding, channelise your energies in such activities so that you do not explode! This placement labels you as a Manglik‘, so finding a life partner (Indian arranged marriage) can be difficult.

The moral compass may be weak, e.g. might resort to bribery, cheating or manipulate finances to increase wealth. You can gain wealth in from others and from insurance and other such financial schemes. You might be perceived as being untrustworthy and your friends, relatives and brothers can suddenly behave in a untrustworthy manner themselves. Will know several secrets about several things which may be legal/illegal. May be required to take decisions or act on such matters. (However if a debilitated Mars occupies the 8th, he turns into a manipulator and causes problems for himself and others.)

Personal health will be fiery, temper will be high and risk taking behaviour will be the norm. The movement of pran in the body’s energy channels /naadi is highly fluctuating and of high intensity. The body is susceptible to ‘heat’ diseases and diseases of the reproductive organs and blood circulation. If a woman, should take special care during pregnancy and childbirth. Surgeries can happen several times in life. Children will be lesser in number. Longevity is generally on the shorter side, but for this the strength of Mars, 8th house lord, ascendent sign and its lord will have to be evaluated together. Death will be linked to liquids in some way e.g blood disease, kidney/urinary problems, drowning etc or in ‘sharp’ incidents, accidents. However has abilities for energy-healing.

Is passionate, can have affairs before marriage and secretly after marriage. Spouse’s behaviour, speech, wealth, voice and face and his/her family are indicated by the 8th. Wealth tends to increase after marriage and you believe in financial security. If this Mars is well placed then it can be ok, but if you get such a chart for marriage matching do double-check. A badly placed Mars here (aspected by or with more malefics or debilitated, worst would be a Rahu -Mars combination here) can indicate a bad situation for the spouse in every way including physical health/ longevity. A sense of joy/companionship with the spouse will be absent. You tend to dominate your spouse, in-laws and family members.

A Mars in 8th will aspect the 11th, 2nd and 3rd houses. So gains and finances will be good as long as you take personal initiative and interest in them. There might be friction with the family/brothers. This placement is a tough one but if you can channelise your energy appropriately it can be managed well.

Venus and Mars placed in the 8th house

This above was the bare-bones astrological part which you can use for analysing  your horoscopes. But astrology is really Jyotish, the science of Illumination. So here is an esoteric dimension which might interest.

Venus and Mars together are very fascinating forces. Mars is life, death and rebirth, the karmic cycle in which the individual soul moves till he attains Moksh. Mars represents your taking on the body and also your leaving it. The signs Aries and Scorpio are linked in the adversarial 6/8 axis from each other.

Venus is the limit of experience, the limit of Maya. Venus is the natural Marak, he decides when you have completed your karma of accumulating treasures and fulfilled your karma-linked relationships. His two signs, Taurus and Libra are also in the adversarial 6/8 axis from each other. As these two signs are the essence of Maya, the 2nd and 7th houses of your chart also represent Maya. Once you complete your experience of Maya, you attain Moksh, so Venus is the real Moksh-karak.

If you analyse these 4 signs/houses together you will get an inkling of the tremendous forces Mars and Venus represent together. Mars through his natural rulership of the 1st house creates your personality, you are literally born here. You then act/use the energy of the 1st to create the wealth of the 2nd house. If you have acted with a sense of self, the 2nd will be a fruit of your karma (karma-phal), and will be added to your stored karma, i.e. agami/new karma adds to the sanchita/stored karma. If your actions do not have the ‘I’ tag, then this house will represent rebalancing of karma (you do not create more karma and are actively rebalancing the stored hoard).

Now while you are busy creating/rebalancing karma, the energy of your body gets used up. So as the potential of the 2nd house gets realised, the vitality of the physical body diminishes. When you completely realise the potential of the 2nd, you simultaneously completely finish off the vitality of the manifested body thus the physical body dies. Depending on what type of actions you were doing, you will have created more karma or achieved Moksh.

Now in the same way, the 7th and 8th houses also work together. The natural ruler of the 7th is Venus and that of the 8th is Mars. The 7th represents karmic bindings, the other function of Maya. You are required to create and maintain relationships equitably and fairly here. You may call these marriage or business partnerships at the material level, but nevertheless they are bindings on the spiritual level. This 7th house can represent the relationship between you and your body. And the deepest bindings which you have laid on your own soul (the 7 bindings of vice, virtue, weakness, power, passion, dispassion and ignorance). Or finally your relationship with your own Higher Self.

The 8th house represents changes in identity which are caused by complete upheaval. The 8th uses the energy of the 7th to power itself. You get into relationships, experience them, saturate yourself and then transcend. The experience-energy is of the 7th, the House of Change uses this to change you at very fundamental levels. If you have observed yourself carefully through your life, your deepest changes in self-identity are always linked to relationships. Mars as the agent of death/rebirth, uses up Venus’s energy of fairness and balance. And when the potential of the 8th is complete, the deepest relationship of your soul with your present incarnated physical body/environment is also complete and you leave it. Now on the spiritual front if you have experienced each of the 7 bindings to the fullest you transcend them and achieve Moksh.

 

Venus and Mars placed in the 8th house

Guru Stotra, Guru defined..

Listen to this beautiful rendition of the Guru Stotra by Uma Mohan and read on.

Tasmai Shri Gurave Namah – Thus I bow down to that Shri Guru.

Shri is a Sanskrit word which means, wealth, prosperity, adornment, beautifying, radiant, Illumination, splendour, royal, rich, majesty, glorious, mighty, lustrous, grace, power,  auspicious etc.

Guru is a Sanskrit word which means, big, teacher, great, relevant, majestic, grand, significant, heavy, gravity, weight, respect, importance, dignified, elder, influence, valuable, difficult to understand, serious, potential, Seer, Sage, Rishi, chief, density, attraction and power.Guru Stotra, Guru defined..Om

1. Guruh Brahma Guruh Vishnu Guruh Devo Maheshwarah, Guruh sakshat Para-Brahma tasmai Shri Gurave Namah.

The energies called Brahma, Vishnu and Maheshwar are the potential stages of the Raja, Satva and Tama Gun. (Their corresponding active stages are Sarasvati, Laxmi and Shakti). In the deepest stages of Dhyan your individual soul absorbs them and the three Gun come to a balance. (Topmost triangle of the Shri Yantra) Further, this leads to Moksh (Bindu). The Brahma, Vishnu and Maheshwar are the energies which help you reach the Ultimate thus they are ‘Guru’. Your Real Self /Parabrahma, i.e. Energy which Witnesses, also pulls you towards Yourself, thus it is a Guru.

The Guru is the Ultimate Reality. And likewise the Ultimate Reality is the Guru.

Such is the Guru.

2. Chaitanyam Shashvatam Shantam, Vyom atitam niranjanam. Naadbindu kalateetam tasmai Shri Gurave Namah

The Ultimate intelligence, consciousness, eternity, gravity, silence, stillness, eternal endlessness, the one without birth. The Naad, Bindu and the 16 types of Kala (read this post on creation) are manifested during creation, Guru is beyond these manifested things. Guru is the Reality which remains after you experience and transcend creation. The Ultimate reality is not these heavy-duty words, it is much much beyond that. The Guru is beyond this manifested Universe, he is the Eternal.

Such is the Guru.

3. Ajnyan timir-andhasya Gnyan-anjan Shalakaya, Chakshuh oonmeelitam yena tasmai Shri Gurave Namah.

The darkest of the dark ignorance surrounds our soul/Jivatma. This state is called the ‘timir-andh’. This shlok/verse refers to the initiation of a disciple by a Guru (Jivan Mukt). During initiation you are shown a glimpse of the white/gold Being of Lightening. Your third eye and its surrounding nadi energy structures are  flooded with pran by the Guru, so that pran can start flowing and then Kundalini also can follow. This Lightening is your first glimpse of the Parabrahma. And your Guru shows it to you! At that extremely subtle energy level there is no difference between the Guru and the Parabrahma. This internal Guru which has been shown to you, now pulls you towards the Eternal. You do your Dhyan, now with the image of the target in mind. It energises you.

This shlok also refers to the final realisation where the energy of the ‘Guru’, finally pulls you in into Yourself in the deepest stages of Dhyan.

Such is the Guru.

4. Akhand Mandal akaram vyaptam yena characharam. Tat padam darshitam yena tasmai Shri Gurave Namah.

When a Guru gives his initiation to his disciple, the region of the third eye chakra gets illuminated, becomes visible and the Guru nadi opens. Here for a brief fraction of an instant (which seems endless!) you get a glimpse of the Ultimate. The whole geometry of the endless dimensions. The Reality inherent in everything of this manifested universe and also in the Un-manifested. Only a Jivan mukt is capable of giving such an initiation. Now it is upto the disciple to practice what he has been taught and to see and experience this Illumination consciously again. As you start doing your Dhyan and it progresses, you see this Reality initially as a crescent moon shaped (Guru-pad) illumination. Thus a disciple sees the Guru-pad twice. Once a tiny glimpse during initiation and then the Experience during the Final Realisation.

Such is the Guru.

5. Sthavaram jangamam vyaptam yat kinchit sachar acharam. Tat padam darshitam yena tasmai Shri Gurave Namah.

The Prakruti is the eternally in Spontaneous Motion animated principle, She Plays. The Purush is the inanimate Still Intelligence, He Observes. These two are pervaded by and created by that eternal Singular Reality. The Guru first shows you this duality and then the Singular Reality and how the Reality pervades all. The Guru is the strength to first show you, then make you experience and then transcend.

Such is the Guru.

Guru Stotra, Guru defined..

6. Chinmayam Vyapitam sarvam trailokyam sachar acharam. Tat padam darshitam yena tasmai Shri Gurave Namah.

The three states of Bhu, Bhuvar and Swah are linked to the three states of existence (Jagrut, Swapna and Sushupti) and also the three Gun (Satva, Raja, Tama). The Moveable Prakruti and the Still Purush. All these things are composed of the Parabrahma. In our present level of understanding we are under the impression that these differentiated states are somehow not the Ultimate. But the Guru energy makes you experience the Singular Reality pervading everything. So you perceive the Singularity in all these so-called differentiated stages. Everything is absorbed by, pervaded by the Universal intelligence.

Such is the Guru.

7. Yat satyena jagat sarvam, yatra pashena bandhiya, yada anandena nandanti, tasmai shri gurave namah

The manifested Universe is pervaded by one essential True Knowledge also called Para-Vidya. This energy called Prakruti binds this manifestation, slows down the energy and creates this Universe for you. And then finally the innate knowledge (Atma gnyan/Para vidya) gives Moksh in a clear incisive burst of eternal happiness. These are all the aspects of the Guru.

Such is the Guru.

8. Na Guroh-adhikam tattvam na Guroh-adhikam tapah. na Guroh-adhikam gnyanam tasmai Shri Gurave Namah.

No tattva, i.e. essence of creation (there are 24 tattva of creation) can be more powerful than a Guru. i.e. the power of the Guru will break the binds of the 24 tattva. There is no spiritual energy (tapa = heat of spiritual activity) stronger than the Guru. i.e when you do Dhyan on the guru-pad (the third eye chakra which is later seen as a crescent moon in Dhyan), maximum energy is generated. The Guru is the final Realisation. The Guru is the energy of the Parabrahma which always pulls you. Thus the Guru is responsible for conferring Moksh.

Such is the Guru.

8. Man-nathah Shri Jagan-nathah Mat-guru-Shri jagad-guruh. Mam-atma sarva-bhutatma tasmai Shri Gurave Namah.

The one who protects me is also the auspicious protector of all my creation. The greatness which is mine is also the greatness of the manifested universe. My Soul is the Universal Eternal Soul/Parabrahma. And all this is the Guru.

You are not separate from the Eternal. However this temporary feeling of separation is because you have created a universe for yourself. This verse/shlok reminds you that you yourself are the Eternal Reality.

Such is the Guru.

9. Chid-roopena parivyaptam trailokyam sachar acharam. Tat padam darshitam yena tasmai Shri Gurave Namah.

This shlok is rather similar to (6) above, with one difference. Chid-roop here means first the ek-roop then the Para-vidya. When Prakruti manifested the Universe, she creates 7 types of bindings over herself. These 7 roop are vice, virtue, passion, dispassion, power, weakness and ignorance. Thus she Plays, she creates (Lalita). When finally she finishes her Game, she manifests Ek-roop, singular form, also called as Knowledge in herself. Thus Knowledge nullifies the bindings and stops her movement. Creation stops. Now this knowledge becomes more incisive and eventually the Ultimate Knowledge of Singularity manifests. The Guru illuminates the path which leads you from your limited individual soul to the Eternal Soul/Parabhrama. (This is the route from the Ajnya chakra to the Kutastha)

This is Guru.

10. Sarva-Shrutih shiro-ratna samud bhasita murghaye, Vedant ambuja Suryayah tasmai Shri Gurave Namah.

All the Shruti /Ved refer to the ‘jewel in the head’, this is the seat of the Parabrahma, the Kutastha. The individual soul is allowed conscious entry here only when it attains Moksh. This is the Eternal consciousness which resides above the lotus of the Sahasrara chakra. The flow of consciousness (spontaneous movement of Prakruti) creates the eternal knowledge called the Ved (ek-roop and then atma-gnyan manifests). When you reach this end of this ‘flow’, you reach the end of the Ved and you reach your final destination, the Eternal Illumination.

All this is the Guru.

Guru Stotra, Guru defined..

11. Gyanshakti-samaroodhah tattvamala vibhooshitah. Bhukti-mukti -pradata cha tasmai Shri Gurave Namah.

If you remember my earlier post on creation, the three chakras Vama, Jeyshta and Raudri are linked to the three Gun and also the Kriya Shakti, Iccha Shakti and Gnyan Shaki. Now the Guru is above these Shakti’s, literally, the seat of the Guru is the Bindu!

Then when you dissociate Your Soul from the 24 tattvas of creation during Dhyan, i.e you offer them to the Guru. Then you are allowed to come closer to the source of the Guru. So in a way here, you offer creation to the Guru. You stop being the ‘doer’, and start being the witness. You stop creating new karma.

You are the Eternal, the Creation is an aspect of your own self called Prakruti. This is called ‘Bhukti’, division, possession, enjoyment. You divide yourself. Mukti is release. Release from karma, bindings, duality, ignorance etc. The energy called Guru is responsible for both division and release.

Such is the Guru.

12. Aneka-janma-sampraptah-karma-bandha-vidahine. Atma-gyan-pradanena tasmai Shri Gurave Namah.

You have taken so many lives, have taken on so many karma, bound yourself, forgotten your Reality. The Guru breaks open these bonds on your soul/Jivatma by giving you the ultimate knowledge. The knowledge of the Self (Atma gnyan or Para vidya)

Such is the Guru.

13. Shoshanam bhavsindhoshcha prapanam saar sampadah. Guroh-pad-odakam samyak tasmai Shri Gurave Namah.

The flow of consciousness i.e. life/creation, though pleasing is Maya, it can neither be completely real nor is it a complete illusion. So this ‘creation’ at the spiritual levels is always a binding. The energy of the Guru drys up this ocean of Maya, this then leads to you achieving the Essence. If you are able to absorb the essence of the Guru which is first visible at the ajnya chakra and then traverse the route from the ajnya chakra (Jivatma) to the Kutashta (Parabrahma) you attain Moksh. (Follow the energy of the footstep of the Guru!).

Such is the Guru.

Tasmai Shri Gurave Namah – Thus I bow down to that Shri Guru. Om

But Namah means more than just ‘bow down’! It is something like the Ultimate power. The paradox of illusion and wisdom united together. Depth of stillness and flowing movement together. The eternal unborn one in solitude. ‘Gurave’ means ‘in the Guru’. This power of ‘namah’ is ‘in the Guru’.

This is the Guru Stotra which defines the ‘Guru’ in the spiritual sense. There are many humans who pretend to be Guru and create followers for themselves, live a life of luxury. Having a Jivan Mukt as a physical human-looking Guru, face-to-face is very rare. So find your internal Guru, this energy is always available to us all, it is the route which starts from the Ajnya chakra. Do your Dhyan, focus on your third eye chakra and on your Soham mantra.

The Guru always exists.

 

shri_smarth_sadguru_muppin_kadsiddheshwar_maharaj-min
Satguru Shri Muppin Kadsiddheshwar Maharaj

Tasmai Shri Gurave Namah – Thus I bow down to that Shri Guru. Om

For more, Guru Gita and the books by Jagat-Guru Shri Adi Shankar-acharya, especially his commentary on the Brahma sutra.

The Full moon day/Pournima of the Ashadh month (today), is the Guru pournima. Do your spiritual practice with the intention that the ‘crescent moon’ turns ‘full’. Guess that says it all!

 

 

8th house Dushamsthan

The 6th, 8th and 12th houses of the chart are called the Dushamsthan, of these the 6th is considered the most turbulent as it is linked to the awareness and the resolution of Karma/bondage. The 12th is dissolution of the manifested. The 8th is then catastrophic transformations of identity where the physical, emotional or spiritual identity undergoes a rapid, forceful and often traumatic change. The death of the physical body is the most extreme change which is seen from here. This is the energy of the Rudra, from the 33 koti devatas who make up your body. Catastrophic changes to the body/ mind /soul, always lead to very intense progress on the spiritual levels.

Every sort of ‘Shock’!

Broadly the 8th house from the ascendant governs the situation of physical death, longevity, hidden assets, legacies from the dead, secret knowledge, mysteries, secrets of all forms, undiagnosable diseases, the act of childbirth, the movement of pran/vital energy in the body, occult, tantra, openings of every sort, evolution/involution, cycles of destruction and creation, disappearances and re-appearances, powerful but invisible transformations. Unplanned, unlikely, unanticipated, emergencies, upheavals and meltdowns. Self-destruction coupled with rebirth. And ultimately the potential for recovery, reinvention and reactivation.

8th house Dushamsthan

Energy (Prakruti) cannot be destroyed, it can only change from one form to another. The principle of Parinam from Sankhya shastra is the essence of the 8th house’s dynamics. The 8th house counted from every house will indicate the potential for transformations related to the keywords of that house. So e.g. if you are looking at the marriage aspects of a chart, also analyse the 2nd house (counted eighth from the 7th), for secrets and changes to the married state. Then the 8th house from the birth Moon should always be analysed. It indicates emotional turbulence and the threats to the stability of the mind and emotions, intimidation and abuse.

The 8th house is never very visible, just like the natural 8th sign of the zodiac Scorpio, it has unfathomed depths. The 8th is a part of the Moksh trikon with the 12th and 4th houses. It facilitates ‘release’. So unless you focus on it specifically, you will remain unaware of your occult potential.

Here is where the walls of creation break down and reform. The invisible comes out and suddenly you realise its significance. The 8th is intimately connected to the occult, tantra. Tantra is the study of constant change. For the physical self, the 8th house rules over death, surgeries, accidents, ‘cuts’ of every sort. For the emotional, it causes stress and separates. For the spiritual it opens up routes into the depths of the subconscious.

The 8th house also indicates the family of the spouse. The money, the wealth, resources of his/her family. Generally you do not know these things about your spouse’s family completely, so this links up with the secret nature of the 8th! Also the voice, speech, eating habits and wealth-accumulating habits of the spouse.

The 8th then indicates explorations, excavations, surgeons, shamans, tantriks, secret financial activities, scientific researchers, secret criminals, etc type of professions, which thrive on skill and an awareness of suspicions, intuitions and sensations from the internal.

8th house Dushamsthan

The planets occupying this house often incline an interest in the occult depending on their nature. Too many or strong planets here would indicate reduced interest in philosophy or organised religion and a deeper interest in spirituality or the occult. Their Dasha periods/ significant transits will be quite happening times. e.g. Saturn here will indicate it is the karma to do so, a Mercury will grant the boldness, necessary logic and skills to do so, Venus will grant the tantric knowledge and esoteric wisdom related to the occult etc. A special case would be the Moon placed in the 8th house.

If this house is vacant then look out for the transits or the dasha periods of the owner planet, this would be the time which would trigger its potential. This 8th house ruler is a very important agent of change in your life. Track his movement and the aspects of life he controls. He will cause sudden uncontrollable changes wherever he may be at birth or go in transit. But if you understand that he ‘transforms’ not ‘dissolve’, you might understand his actions better.

If by chance, you have the same planet ruling your 8th from ascendant and the 8th from Moon, be careful during his periods, e.g. Libra Ascendant with Moon in Pisces, Venus is ascendant lord, 8th lord, and lord of 8th house from Moon, thus the Venus mahadasha (20yr long) and his antardasha within other planets Mahadashas will be especially transformative. Similarly for Aries ascendent with Moon in Virgo be careful with your Mars periods. If you can navigate this period successfully you will benefit beyond imagination else the physical and subconscious body both will suffer.

It is important to remember that the 8th house is Shock and Change. How you go with the energy and participate in the process will determine how effective the 8th will be. A strong ascendant sign, ascendant lord and birth Moon are very important in this respect. If you are attached to your identity or have Saturn-like resistance to things unfolding around you, you will suffer more. And then is all about perception, if you are prepared for the change you will not be so shocked and if you are aware in advance you will not feel the sudden-ness. So the intensity of these events is reduced by a strong yet adaptable personality.

To navigate the 8th you will have to think like a hunter in the jungle, the shadows can contain a prey or a predator, so be prepared!

 

8th house Dushamsthan

Trigun, Satva Raja Tama

The Eternal reality is Singularity. It divides into a Still Intelligence called Purush पुरुष the Witness, साक्षी and a Spontaneous Evolution called Prakruti प्रकृति, the player Lalita ललिता. Purush is an observer, not concerned with further manifestation.

Prakruti spontaneously creates the three Gun गुण within Herself. These three Gun are the foundation of manifestation in a very subtle way. I have referred to these in my several posts by their simplest definitions,

  1. Satva सत्व – pulls you towards the Singular Reality.
  2. Raja रज – pulls you towards the Manifested universe.
  3. Tama तम – are heavy, dull energies destructive.

Now these three are the very fundamentals of manifestation. The Bindu (Prakruti) divides into the three chakras initially, Vama, Jeyshta, Raudri which represent the energies of Satva, Raja and Tama. (Refer to the geometry of the Shri yantra and the conscious energies of creation. These three are represented by the inner-most equi-lateral triangle around the central dot).

sri yantra bw.png

The Prakruti the Great Mother, is also called the Pradhan प्रधान which means that all things are contained within Her, she is prominent, chief, most important, essence, original source. She is the Cause and also the Effect. ‘Cause and effect’, we think of these two things as separate and distinct from each other. But if you think deeply these are quite similar on the deeper levels but yet dissimilar. e.g. Cream is formed on milk, that means that milk has the potential to form cream (cream is hidden in the milk), and cream does contain properties of milk (milk is hidden in the cream). Thus the effect is just the transformation/ evolution/ involution (Parinam परिणाम) of the cause.

Prakruti is defined as the state where the Satva, Raja and Tama Gun remain in perfect equilibrium. This is the Avyakta अव्यक्त, unmanifested, potential, invisible, universal spirit, primordial germ, inactive, unexpressed, latent state. Prakruti is Non-Intelligent. The reason is the three Gun. She is composed of the Satva, Raja and Tama which are in constant equilibrium and in spontaneous equal constant motion. Neither of these is greater or lesser, thus they ‘cancel each other out’. Thus she is Spontaneity.

Satva is light and causes pleasure at the spiritual levels, its function is to illuminate. Raja is active, urgent, passion and generally causes pain, its function is to cause evolution. Evolution is represented by the Swastik drawn in the clockwise direction. Tama is heavy, dull enveloping and smothering at the deepest levels, its function is to cause involution. Involution does not mean annihilation, it means that the energies are directed inwards, the transformation which causes dissolution (Swastik drawn in the anticlockwise manner).

These three Gun, Satva, Raja and Tama are always linked with each other, they are always in conjunction and cannot be separated from each other. They continually influence each other, forever mixing in different proportions. As long as they are equal in force there is no manifestation. Prakruti is in constant movement and this motion powered by the continuous mixing and movement of the Gun. The Gun give direction to evolution/ involution. These three are all pervading, in every thing you see around you. These are the first ‘effect’ of Prakruti, so are in everything of this manifested Universe. They are energised by Prakruti.

The three Gun are initially in equilibrium, in the Avyakta, un-expressed state, this is pure Prakruti. Prakruti is the first Tattva of Creation. Tattva तत्त्व means a distinct state, element, principle or essence.

Trigun, Satva Raja Tama

Then there is a spontaneous Spandan स्पन्दन, which means throbbing, vibration, motion, start of life in the energy of Prakruti. This causes an imbalance in the three Gun and the Raja overpowers the other two. This leads to the Vyakta व्यक्त state, things start getting obvious, clear, evident, expressed and manifested. The Gun always remain in motion, now that they are out of equilibrium they will cause subtle changes in the next manifested tattvas of which they will become a part of. There is constant change everywhere because of their constant movement at the deepest fundamental levels.evolution from parabrahma to mahat buddhiNow after the Spandan, the Gun’s perfect equilateral triangle is disturbed. And Raja is immediately released by the imbalance, it acts on the Satva to produce Mahat-Buddhi which is the 2nd tattva of creation. Mahat-Buddhi is a new thing different from Prakruti and the three Gun hence is called a new Tattva. But it is still composed of the three Gun and energised by Prakruti. It is a transformation/ parinam.

When you do Dhyan, the very last and deepest stages, you are required to set this three Gun in their equilibrium stage again with your conscious manipulation of Pran. There are several ways to manipulate pran. (I read on the internet where people take classes to awaken their Kundalini and its always a facepalm moment. Can you control your breath? For 99.99% of us the answer is No! First learn breath control, then try to control pran, only then can you even think of the Kundalini and forget about ‘controlling’ it!. You would be lucky if you first clean out your Brahmanadi till the top with the pran first and then the kundalini unlocks and moves upwards in one smooth uninterrupted flow.)

There is no ‘physical God’ in Sanatan Dharm, we worship Intelligent Energy. And by ‘worship’, we try to entrain our limited beings with their Immenseness so that we ultimately experience and transcend them.

The Creative principle is the duo, Brahma ब्रह्म and Sarasvati सरस्वती. These two principles are Rajasic in nature. Brahma is the potential and Sarasvati is the active principle of Raja. In the Vyakt/manifestation, as the two principles of Raja act first, the active and potential principles of Satva, Laxmi लक्ष्मी and Vishnu विष्णु also get active by the influence of Brahma/Sarasvati. Together with these, the active and potential principles of Tama, Shakti शक्ति and Shiv शिव also start acting. These six energies are worshipped as Gods and called husband/wife of each other too. Though we visualise them as human figures and make human stories for them, they are not humans, they are pure conscious energies. So when you are ‘worshipping’ this Trinity of Sanatan Dharm, the husbands/wives, you are actually rebalancing the three Gun, Satva, Raja and Tama Gun in your own body /mind / Universe.

Now a secret. You are not Prakruti, you are the Eternal Singularity. You are neither your body nor your Universe, you are more than this. Prakruti is the active principle derived from the Eternal. Prakruti is a small part of the Eternal. If you think on the intellectual level at least to begin with, that that everything that you do, see, experience etc is not by You but by Prakruti, you will Realise Yourself faster.

 

sy-1-min

Jivan Mukt and Videha Mukt

(Continued post)

Jivan does not just mean ‘life’, it is a Sanskrit word, it means ‘to flow’ and ‘the vitality of the flow’. Life is not a static event, it flows. Every water drop in a river is linked and thus is life interlinked and interconnected on all levels.

‘Mukt’ means the ‘one who has been freed, sent forth, immune, quit, discharged, vanished, relinquished, relaxed etc.

Jivan mukt means ‘one who has been released from the requirement to ‘flow’.

  • The performance of Prakruti has stopped, ‘I have been seen’. The Purush has stopped witnessing, ‘I have seen’.
  • But the Universe/body that Prakruti had created is still available. The Knowledge has put a stop to further performance but the stage has not been yet dismantled.

These two are two separate things and are dependent on separate causes, so can happen simultaneously. The Prakruti has stilled because the link between Her and Him is Known. They together experience their togetherness and one-ness. The veil has been removed.

Knowledge exists and so does the body/Universe. A paradox, you might say. But these two are compatible. Read on.

Jivan Mukt and Videha Mukt

Prakruti creates the individual body with its Universe continually spontaneously. Later karma comes into the picture and becomes the framework for manifestation. The body/Universe is created, maintained and dissolved because of karma. Karma is basically of two types.

  • The big storehouse of karma (sanchita, accumulated karma), you have this collection from your several past lives
  • And the karma which was selected for rebalance for the present life (Prarabdha, destined karam). You chose this at your present birth.

Each soul selects this part of karma from its stored karma and the body is designed. This is the point of exercise of free will. On the basis of this destined karma, the body + Universe is created for each individual soul. (Purush + Prakruti combo, your combo is different from mine). You might choose a short intense life with violent energies. Or a smooth sedentary life of ease. A short or long life. Whatever.

This choice of the moment of birth will run its course for the life-time you chose at the moment of birth.

‘You’ here refers to the Jivatma, which is the soul+the influence of the Prakruti. The soul which is under the influence of karma, the soul which cannot enter the Kutasth of its own conscious action, the soul which is still suffering from duality.

This choice of birth is fixed for the life-span of the body. This body and the prarabdha karma you chose is not affected or linked to Knowledge. You might gain Knowledge at the age of 35yrs but if you have exercised the choice of a life-span for 80yrs, your body+Universe will sustain for that much time. However as Knowledge has manifested, more karma will not be created during this life-time (Agaami /future karma becomes nil). And the store of Sanchita karma has been ‘burnt’ in the intense energies of your Dhyan. (Each breath/Soham in your Dhyan is one life-time.)

Moksh means ‘release’, Prakruti is released from her ‘play’, she has released herself. The Purush has stopped witnessing and the Prakruti has stilled. At the age of 35yrs you have become a Jivan-mukt. Your soul has experienced the duality and the Knowledge of duality. The experience has been transcended. You have attained Samadhi (final settlement, agreement, joined with the Eternal, Singularity) so your soul is not affected by anything that occurs in the realm of the Purush or Prakruti. Samadhi occurs in Dhyan. But the choice of birth has to be honored. The performance is over at 35yrs but the stage will be dismantled at the age of 80yrs. Something like when you switch off the fan it continues to move for a few minutes more.

In this phase you will do everything that has been decided as per your Prarabdh karma, your children might get married, your grandchildren will be born, your wife might die etc. But you will be aware of this as a drama. You Know. You are a Guru. The consciousness has experienced and transcended Maya.

Prakruti will not re-energise or re-create, she will just maintain till you turn 80yrs and then annihilate. Prarabdha karma will then complete its course and the soul will separate from the body+Universe. After this last manifested body/Universe, no more will be created for this particular Purush + Prakruti combo. At this point She and Her Purush will merge into each other and this will merge into the Eternal Singularity. This is Moksh as the duality imposed is released and the individual soul merges into the Ultimate.

Now there is one danger to the society here. All this is an internal process so anyone can claim to be a Jivan mukt and become a ‘Guru’, gather a following and use them to live a life of ease. So here to such wanna-be ‘Guru’s, Sanatan Dharm has a warning too. If someone claims to be so, after his physical death his heirs/disciples will not offer the body to the Agni/fire. Anteyshti will not be performed and the body will be buried above ground. (ancient dolmens are such muniyars or Samadhi-sthal erected over the bodies of ancient Mukta souls). For the liberated soul the body is of no relevance anymore but for the cheat, this will ensure that the soul remains trapped on earth with no scope for further rebirth.

Jivan Mukt and Videha Mukt

The other choice is of being a Videha mukt.

Videha – (Vigatah dehah yasmat sah), ‘the one whose body has gone away from him’. ‘Deha’ is a Sanskrit word which means shape, appearance, manifestation, form, person, individuality etc.

This is Moksh linked to the annihilation of the body/Universe.

In this you would choose a life span of 35yrs. So as the Knowledge manifests at 35yrs, Prakruti will stop, Purush-Prakriti will merge and everything will go back to Singularity. The individual body will die and the individual Universe will be annihilated. Kundalini will burst through, the Brahmanadi of the body will fuse, ie the bifurcated ends of the Brahmanadi (within the Sushumna) will fuse and complete the circuit at the Brahmarandhra. You will merge with the Parabrahma at the Kutasth and this Consciousness will exit through the Brahmarandhra.

You have attained Videha-mukti. The body has physically died with this event. If your heirs have understood what has happened, they are required to bury the body above ground and erect a stone Samadhi-sthal over it. But generally they don’t realise and the usual Anteysthi is performed. Of course, this doesn’t matter as the soul has realised Itself and all this from Its point of view has become irrelevant. But the soul who has attained Moksh was still someone’s father/ mother/ Guru etc. so this would be the karma of the heirs to dispose of the manifested body.

Thus the Soul created out of Parabrahma, goes through a longish process to go back to the Singularity, the two options being Jivan-mukti and Videha-mukti

(I would recommend a study of the Samkhya for more in-depth discussion on this topic. Also a study of the Nasadiya Sukta for the creation part. And of course the Brahma Sutra. This topic is a bit obtuse, but there was a question and I did try to write it in as simple words as possible)

 

Jivan Mukt and Videha Mukt