Divisional Charts and when to use them

Divisional charts/ DC are the backbone of Jyotish. But before getting into DC analysis, make sure that you have your exact birth time to the minute available. If you are using a software to calculate do check the settings, Lahiri-Chitrapaksha ayan-amsha, location etc. Or if you are really interested, learn to draw them yourself, so all your concepts will get clear.

We refer to four groups of varga charts or DC.

Shad-varga – the D1 D2 D3 D9 D12 D30 ie six types of charts in this group. These charts are seen when you have to match charts for marriage or any serious question where life time decisions have to be taken.

  • D1 – basic birth chart, the most important chart
  • D2 – Hora, wealth, more specifically the ability to accumulate wealth
  • D3 – Drekkana, boldness, enterprise, options in life, ability to choose between those options, initiative, teammates, siblings
  • D9 – Navamsha, the foundation Dharma, potential and deepest you, the second most important chart which we almost always refer to. The most significant relationship which completes you is seen from this chart.
  • D12 – Dvadash-amsha, parents, issues from your immediate past life
  • D30 – Trimsha-amsha, misfortunes in general

Sapta -varga – In this group we have the six charts of the shad-varga ie the D1 D2 D3 D9 D12 D30 and in addition the D7, so we have seven DC in this group.

D7 – progeny, number, sex of children, their life and fortune. Ideally both parents horoscopes should be seen for greater clarity on any question related to progeny. And for a Brahmachari Sat-guru, this chart will indicate the quality of his disciples. (The Soul is beyond Jyotish, but as long as it continues in the 5-layered body, this body follows the principles of Jyotish.)

For your average clients, you will need to refer to just these 7 types of DC. You have to see the D1, ie the basic birth chart and the D-9 Navamsha chart compulsorily. This will help fine-tune your analysis and your predictions will be more accurate. Then if your client has some specific question you may have to refer to the specific DC mentioned in the Sapta-varga category. Most of your clients will be of this type.

  • If its a question related to marriage you will see the D1 and D9 and if you feel like glance through the DC listed in the Shad-varga.
  • If it is to do with someone starting a small new business, you will check out the D1, D9 and in addition use the D3 to fine tune your prediction. If you wish to check how profitable it is going to be D2.
  • If it is a children related question then the D1, D9 and the D7.

Dasha varga – Here we have the seven DC of the sapta-varga ie the D1 D2 D3 D7 D9 D12 D30 and in addition to these, D10 D16 D60, so we have ten types of DC here.

  • D10 – profession, leadership qualities,
  • D16 – travelling, for business, pleasure, accidents
  • D60 – summary, the final result that all the charts together can give ultimately.

These three extra DC are more relevant for people who are working in high positions, in corporate, government or have their own business, but all at very high levels. For your general average citizen type of clients, you generally do not need to open these additional charts. But in specific cases eg someone asks about his proposed journey or there is an accident and you need to see details then you might need to open the D16.

Shodasha varga – Here we have the ten charts from the Dasha varga ie D1 D2 D3 D7 D9 D10 D12 D16 D30 D60 and in addition to these, the D4 D20 D24 D27 D40 D45. So in total there are 16 DC in this group.

  • D4 – Chaturtha-amsha, assets in life, necessities, resources, shelter, properties, vehicles etc
  • D20 – Vimsha-amsha is for religion and spiritual matters
  • D24 – Chaturvimsha-amsha, learning, education, wisdom, knowledge
  • D27 – Nakshatra-amsha, inherent weakness and strength of your personality as a whole.
  • D40 – Khaved-amsha general auspiciousness of events in life
  • D45 – Akashved-amsha, general issues in life

These extra charts are almost never seen for general people. In earlier times, these full 16 charts, shodash-varga were seen for Kings. So in today’s context they should be seen for the top-most politicians, prime minister, president etc types of people on whom the entire nation relies (even if it is for small 5yr terms!). If someone has to become the president or prime minister of a nation, then all these 16 divisional charts have to be auspicious and capable of giving solid real results.

Ashtakvarga for confirming predictions

DC is a microscopic study of each aspect of your life. The birth chart by itself is good for a broad outline of the life events, but the DC are necessary for the detailed picture. Each house of the D1 stands for so many things, so to narrow down results you need to check the further relevant DC.

The Dasha/ transits are used to predict the timing of events, again the broad picture is from the D1 but the exact timing will come from tallying the dasha /transit and the relevant DC. Eg you might have actual chances of getting a child from your D1 and the potential from the D9, but the exact time of its birth can be best predicted from the transit/ dasha and the D7.

Then it is possible that the Dasha/transit may be good for one aspect of your life but bad for another part of your life. Again this can be seen from the birth chart to some extent but the relevant divisional chart will give exact reading.

  • Eg the 4th house is residence and also the physical mother. Suppose the current dasha/ transit is bad for the D1 chart’s 4th house. But when you check the D4 it is good. And when you check the D12 this dasha /transit is even worse. So you can conclude that the residence will remain good, but the mother will face problems during this period. The DC help you pin-point the results.

Suppose you are under the Mahadasha/ main period of Mars and Antardasha/ sub-period of Jupiter. Check out the seven divisional charts mentioned in the Sapta-varga category. If in any divisional chart you have this following combination. The mahadasha and the antardasha rulers, ie Mars and Jupiter are in the 6/8 or 2/12 mutual axis in that specific divisional chart. Or debilitated. Then that sub-period will affect that aspect of your life adversely.

  • Eg. Suppose in the D3, you have Jupiter and Mars in the 6/8 axis and Jupiter is also debilitated in Capricorn here. So during this sub-period of Jupiter, you may face issues with your siblings, neighbourhood, trade, teammates. The mutual position of these two planets and their power to give results will vary in the different divisional charts. In one DC it may be good in another it may not be. For this reason there is a mix of good and bad things in life.

The sign placed in the 1st house is important in each DC. And the planetary lord of the 1st house is also important as he controls that aspect of your life linked to that DC. If this planet is very strong in the DC and the 1st house is not influenced by malefic planets, that part of your life indicated by this DC will be overall auspicious.

One tip, pay attention to the transit of Saturn in each DC. When he transits over the Moon’s position in each DC, he causes mental stress and emotional turmoil for that aspect of your life for 2.5yrs. This is a very important factor which most astrologers forget to check.

And then if you want to get into even more details, you can check out how the Moon’s position in each DC is affected by the current dasha/ transits. This will give you a clear idea of how you feel about that particular aspect of life. Your happiness and unhappiness can be gauged from your DC.

I find DC very fascinating, analysing the personality through different lenses getting to know more about the person sitting in front of you. And if you intend to learn Jyotish, divisional charts will be a part of your curriculum at some point of time.


Divisional Charts and when to use them

Why Divisional Charts?

Astrology is mathematics. Thank god for software these days, else earlier going to an astrologer for a consultation was a day-long affair as he would have had to calculate everything by hand. Thus prashana/question method was more popular where the astrologer would be asked only one important question and he would answer it using the planetary positions of the instant the question was asked.

Why Divisional Charts?

But now we have accurate birth times and software so we can accurately chart out every aspect of our lives. Now let’s check out why divisional charts are so important.

For answering specific questions in Vedic astrology, we have to check out the divisional charts. Making life predictions using just the birth chart (D-1) will give incomplete results. If you cannot access the divisional charts, or have doubts regarding the exact birth time, use the prashna/question system as it will give better accurate readings. An example now. If suppose Venus is exalted in the birth chart (D-1), so you think he will give good results. But Venus signifies several things, from sexual pleasure to ultimate moksha! So how do you narrow down the result? Check the D-9, if you find this Venus debilitated, the chances of a spouse and pleasure in the married life are dim. But then you see that in the D-20 chart he is again exalted, so you are now sure that he is going to give results related to spiritual progress.

So the birth chart D-1. In one day there are 12 possible ascendants and thus 12 variants of basic birth charts also called as the 1st divisional chart. Thus the Ascendant in D-1 changes every 2 hours. So can we realistically expect that everyone born with the same D-1 in that day is the same? No! This difference is because the higher divisional charts change every second, fine-tuning the personality. You can use the D-1 for an overview of how the life will unfold and the major events and stuff, it is the basis of all your reading. But for a good prediction you cannot predict from a single position; you always have look for patterns in the placements. If the same placements are repeated in the birth chart and in the divisional charts the event can be predicted with confidence. Consider the D-1 as the foundation and the divisional chart as a layer overlaid on it to fine-tune. It requires some learning, some practice and a bit of intuition. Quite do-able!

Now D-2 also called the Hora divisional chart. In this chart the ascendant changes every 1 hour. The Hora chart is used to determine if the energy of every planet is more into expression and creation (solar type of energy) or accumulation and consolidation (lunar type of energy). This D-2 is used to determine the wealth that a person will be able to create or accumulate in his lifetime. A simple analysis here is to see how the planets from D-1 shift here. How many get into the Lunar section and how many into the Solar section, thus you know if you will be more into creating wealth with your intelligence or into hoarding and multiplying.

D-3 also called Dreshkansha. This D-3 ascendant changes every 40 minutes. This chart used to determine the brothers/sisters and interactions with your siblings, team-members, your extended family and neighbourhood. Conversations, communications and commercial activities in small groups. Personal courage and support from the close community is seen from this D-3 chart. (Also longevity can be seen from here as the lord of the 22nd amsha of this chart is linked to the physical death.) A simple analysis again here check out where the planets from D-1 get placed in the D-3. If the lord of the 3rd house in the D-1 gets well placed in D-3 obviously good results.

D – 4 the Chaturthansha ascendant and thus this divisional chart changes every 30 minutes. This is where you check out the details regarding the childhood, environment of the home, comfort, stability, security, landed property and most importantly your Luck/auspiciousness. Your education till college and getting a professional degree. Here too, check out how the planets from D-1 get placed in this D-4. If an exalted lord of the 4th house of the D-1 gets debilitated in the D-4 you will not get much happiness in the matters related to the 4th house.

Why Divisional Charts?

D- 7 Saptamsha is used to understand more about the legal partnerships that a person will get into. The nature of his partners. And also the benefits that he will get from such alliances, contracts, bargains and negotiations. This will include children. This D7 ascendant sign will change every 18 minutes. This is especially important as you will get clients who will have problems regarding childlessness.

D- 9 the more well known Navamsha (full post here) chart. This D9 ascendant sign changes every 13 minutes. It represents the foundations of your life in every way possible. In Sanatan Dharma the spouse helps you in performing your duties and is called Dharmapati/Dharmapatni thus spouse is seen from the D-9. This chart represents the fruits of auspicious behaviour from your past and present lives. This is very important and if not anything else at least refer to this chart in addition to the D-1.

D-10 Dashamansha is the tenth divisional chart and will indicate the fruits that you will get from your profession, ie. social mobility, public reputation, respect in your profession and obviously salary/money too. Here you are required to do a duty to the society in general, how will this duty be, this public responsibility? A burden or an easy task? How you conduct yourself in the society. And how will you benefit from doing this duty, your power and position, for this check out the D-10. This chart and its ascendant changes every 12 minutes. Especially important is the placement of the lord of the 10th house of the D-1 and where he shifts to in the D-10. You will get clients with questions on profession and job, for this question you will need to refer to D-1, D-9 and D-10.

D – 12 the Dwadasha-ansha indicates parents and grandparents. Their role in your life, their assets available to you their lifespans etc. How they will support you and also how you will be required to take care of them. This ascendant and the resultant chart changes in about 9 minutes. This house also represents the fruits of your actions from your immediate past life. Eg. Sometimes you get a client enquiring about the health of an ailing parent whose birth details are not available.

The D-16, Shodasha-ansha, This ascendant changes every 7 minutes. This is related to vehicles and travel. Will you travel a lot? In a train or in a flight? The need to travel and the ease, comfort and happiness associated with it is seen from here. e.g. Accident prone D-16 charts should avoid risky behaviour while travelling or better yet, use public transport.

Why Divisional Charts?

D – 20 The Vimshamsha, a very important chart used for calculating the spiritual and philosophical outlook. And for actual wisdom. This ascendant changes every 6 minutes. Check the placements of the owners of the Dharm trikon = 1st, 5th, and 9th houses in the D-1 and see where they shift to in the D-20 for spiritual growth.

D – 24 Chaturvimshansha to be seen for formal education. This ascendant changes about every 5 minutes. Clients often ask about the higher education of their children. This chart represents higher education. And the D-4 above is lower education. D-24 is also the intelligence and academic achievements. For counselling a student on which professional course he needs to choose, you should analyse D-24 and also D-10. Spiritual powers or ‘siddhi’ also can be seen from this D-24 chart. (for Siddhi check out the Moksh trikon of the D-1 too.)

D-27 Bhansha. Nakshatra amsha ascendant changes every 4 minutes or so and this chart represents the sum total of all the strengths and weaknesses in the personality. It can also indicate the opportunities for growth and the possibilities where you will face misfortune in life. It is in a very deep way how you perceive (rationally and intuitively) all that you experience of this manifested world. You always can change how you perceive by reflection, study, developing your own philosophy, achieve a neutrality and manage your thought patterns. This chart also indicates if and how you can do this.

D- 30 Trisham-ansha – D-30 is an extension of the 6th house of the D-1 birth chart. It tells you about the potential for misfortunes, debt, disease, servitude, enemies, and general problems in your life. Pain and suffering and if any remedies can be seen from here. This ascendent and thus this chart changes every 4 minutes.

D – 60 – Shastiamsha, this is the final results that a planet will give in a lifetime. I have written a full post on this D-60 here. 

There are several more types of varga charts (D-108 Ashtottarashata-ansha is the last vedic varga chart which indicates the possibility of final moksha and experiencing your own divinity. Its ascendant changes every 2.2 seconds), all of them have their own significance but then the astrologer also has to be well qualified and interested enough to analyse them. Deciphering varga charts may seem very crazy, I am a bit worried if I might have scared you off learning astrology. But they are easy, you have the correct birth-time, you can predict everything about the chart with reasonable confidence.

Always remember the D-1 birth chart is the manifested physical chart. All the higher divisional charts indicate the potential. You should take cues from the higher charts, these are the ‘seeds’ which will ultimately manifest. It is in your hands to increase or decrease their influence on you. Like the example of the exalted Venus, if the person knows that he is going to be great in the spiritual arena (D-20), but not so much in the married life (D-9), he can take a decision to focus completely on his Sadhana and forgo getting married. Or he can take remedial actions which will allow him to focus more on his married life (to support the debilitated Venus in D-9) and forgo his spiritual potential. Ultimately remember that the choice is always in your hands.

So use your divisional charts to find out what is in your hands, the potential that you have within you and change. Change your thoughts and focus on your plus points so that you can positively influence your own life.


Why Divisional Charts?

(Thank you to the kind soul who suggested this topic, hope this post helps!)


Shashtyamsha the D60 divisional chart

Today a totally astrology post. So the Divisional chart 60, D-60, Shashtyamsha, ‘your secret life’! This is the chart you get when you divide the 30 degree long rashi/sign into 60 parts, each part being 1/2 deg or 30 secs in length. There are 2 parts in this analysis.

  1. Each amsha/part is also assigned to a rashi/sign, so you can draw a whole new chart using these new planet-rashi placements. This is the D-60 chart.
  2. Each of these 60 parts of a rashi/sign has a defined character. Each planet is allotted to this amsha/part in which its degree falls, and thus takes on its character. There are actually 60 classes of the Shashtyamsha parts. Here you get to know in which category each of the 9 planet fall in and thus their deepest natures.

Thus in this way, the 360 degrees of the Zodiac thus has 720 parts/amsha. Thats enough maths! But astrology is maths, cant get away from it.

So here is our tiny list of important charts.

  1. D-1 is the first divisional chart which we always refer to as the birth chart. The physical manifested reality. We keep on discussing this chart endlessly.
  2. Then next is the birth moon chart, this gives an indication of the perception and emotional filters of your life. Same as the D-1 just turned around, counting the house that has the moon as the first house you get your birth moon chart.
  3. The Navamsha, D-9, the 9th divisional chart, this is the Real You, as discussed in this earlier post.
  4. The D-60 which is another very important chart, we will now know a bit more about this.

So why do this? Divide and subdivide the zodiac to get more and more divisional charts? Each divisional chart gives a deeper insight into the real you, the secret you, the physical you, the astral you, the spiritual you, the emotional you and so on. You and me are very complex beings, you see!

But a note, your birth time should be exact. Only then should you check out the divisional charts, else they will mislead. An error of 1 min will change your D-60. Sometimes I wonder what should be the ‘exact birth time’? Time when the head comes out, or the entire body, or the first breath, or the first cry? It is the exact time when the umbilical cord is cut. This separates the child from the mother, now he /she is an independent individual. Anyways, there is a way of calculating your exact birth time using palmistry. The vertical lines on the fingers are used in mathematical formulae to arrive at your exact to the second birth time. And there are other mathematical ways to rectify the birth time in case you cannot get a handprint. So before dabbling in divisional charts please be sure of your birth time.


Now back to D-60.  What is it used for? It is the final tally of the Karma that you will face in this life, severe karmic losses and falls and gains and spectacular rises in power. The final conclusion of the chart analysis is D-60. There are two ways of using the Shashtyamsha.

1.The first and more familiar way of analysing the D-60 chart.

Sometimes you observe that the D-1 is superb but still predictions fail. There are exalted planets but still they fail, oh so tragically! There are charts which gain tremendous power and prestige but then after a few years are found begging in the streets. Big politicians and businessmen are revealed to be ultimately corrupt. This is domain of the D-60. The final tally of the results that a planet will give. Exalted and beautifully placed planets in D-1 may be too good to be true so look into their placement in the D-60 to indicate their actual final results. If the well placed planets of D-1 become debilitated and are destroyed in the D-60, the dasha/time period ruled by this planet will indicate a disaster and fall in power.

Retrograde planets are always a source of confusion in the chart. The energies of these planets are directed differently thus the results expected can be delayed or even denied. The D-60 is the final on the results of retrograde planets. If the planet is in a good placement in in the D-60 rashi and house it will give its results, may delay will not deny them. Similarly for combust planets, their final results are to be determined accurately from the D-60.

The planets placed in the first house of the D-60 have the final say on the chart’s destiny. If benefic planets, or the ascendant lord planets of D-1 or D-9 are located here, it would indicate an outstanding personality.

However all planets are important in the D-60 and should be analysed properly. The chart is analysed with the same principles of exaltation, debilitation, aspects, etc as the main birth chart.

2. Now let us take a look at the Shashatyamsha categories.

This is the real reason why D-60 is important. The 60 categories. This is very very detailed and the character of each planet is micro-analysed. As per the ancient seers/Rishis this analysis is even more important that the analysis of the D-1. If you open any of the Vedic software like Parashara light you will see some of these names against the planets in a table. The inner nature of these planets can be seen at a glance.

  • Of these 60 categories, 20 categories are fully malefic and a planet falling in theses categories will be ultimately act like malefic. Even if he is exalted or a functional benefic or anything good in the D-1, he still has the potential to turn the chart into a riches to rags story. (Their 20 names are Rakshasa, Bhrashta, Kulaghna, Garala, Pureesha, Kaala, Ahibhaaga, Gulika, Mrityu, Kalaa, Kantaka, Vishadagdha, Kulanaasha, Vamshakshaya, Utpaata, Kaalaroopa, Danshtraakaraala, Kaalaagni, Dandaayudha, Kroora)
  • 10 categories are semi malefic where planets placed give mixed results but tending more to malefic. (Ghora, Yaksha, Kinnar, Agni, Maayaa, Daavaagni, Ghoraa, Yama, Bhramana, Indurekhaa are the categories here)
  • 20 categories of these are fully benefic, a planet assigned to these parts will be a benefic and have a positive influence on the D-1 manifested reality. A real benefic in every sense. (Amrita, Mridu, Sudhaa, Amritaa, Poornachandra, Indumukha, Praveena, Atisheetala, Sudha, Payodheesha, Deva, Apaampati, Heramba, Brahma, Vishnu, Maheshwara, Devaa, Kshiteeshwara, Kamlaakara, Marutvaan are the 20 classes in this type)
  • 10 categories are semi-benefics where planet may give mixed results but more benefic than malefic. (Kubera, Chandra, Komalaa, Ardraa, Kalinaasha, Saumya, Komala, Sheetala, Nirmala, Saumya are the 10 here.)

These categories obviously have more detailed meanings than just malefic/benefic, (you can check out Phaladeepika for more), but for a simple post this much is enough!

Why 60 divisions? The ancient Seers of Jyotish consider this chart to be the defining one. The reason comes from the Surya-siddhanta, the Sanskrit text on which all astronomy is based. It is extremely accurate even by modern standards. eg. it mentions the avg length of the tropical year to be 365.2421756 days and the modern value is accepted at 365.2421904 days! So the definition of an astrological ‘planet’, graha, comes from this book. But 60? The Nakshtra, lunar mansions, take an apparent 60yrs to complete one apparent revolution around the Sun (Bhaa-chakra). These 60 yrs have different names too. So 60 is linked to one cycle of the Zodiac around the Sun.

This was a very brief starter post on the D-60. Our seers/Rishis were supermen in the real sense. They mapped out the universe in tiny tiny bits and assigned names and meanings to each one of these bits. Today we have lost most of this deep knowledge. Your friendly neighbourhood astrologer may know a lot but still there is even more that he does not know. Vedic astrology is like an endless ocean of knowledge, the more you learn the more there remains to be learnt.


Shashtyamsha the D60 divisional chart