Using the Akshar, Mantra and Sanskrit

Sanskrit (Devbhasha Samskrutam) has the following sounds. These are called Akshar, which means that they are fixed, unchangeable, cannot be ‘interpreted’, their meanings and powers are perfectly fixed. This is the list of the 54 sounds. (I don’t know how to write them with the diacritical marks).

  • 14 vowels – a, aa, e, ee, u, uu, rhu, rhuu, lhru, lhruu, ae, ai, o, au
  • 2 support vowels – am, aha
    • अं अः
  • Gutturals – ka, kha, ga, gha, nga
    • क ख ग घ ङ
  • Palatals – cha, chha, ja, jha, nja
    • च छ ज झ ञ
  • Cerebrals – ta, tha, da, dha, na
    • ट ठ ड ढ ण
  • Dentals – ta, tha, da, dha, na
    • त थ द ध न
  • Labials – pa, pha, ba, bha, ma
    • प फ ब भ म
  • Semi-vowels – ya, ra, la, va,
    • य र ल व
  • Sibilants – Sha, Ssha, sa
    • श ष स
  • Consonants – Ha, LLa, Ksha
    •   ळ क्ष
  • Conjunct Consonants – Tra, Jnya
    • त्र ज्ञ
  • The sound of the Bindu or dot. (it is somewhat like ‘ang’, very very nasal)

The energy beauty of sounds

There was a question on what these sounds mean on the spiritual or energy front. You should read the Akshamala upanishad (its text is available on sanskritdocuments.org Or you can also refer to the Sharada Tilak for more information). Each sound /Akshar has a meaning and this small but important Akshamala Upanishad gives the meanings. Every Sanskrit Akshar links with your chakras and you will eventually experience their true power in your spiritual progress. When we speak, we cannot utter the consonants on their own. They have to be linked with a vowel to be uttered out loud. When you utter these sounds, Akshar, you are manipulating your body and mind energies using their targeted energies. If you consciously do this you can bless, curse or progress faster spiritually.

These Akshar are in Devbhasha Samskrutam, the perfectly arranged definition of illumination. Only Sanskrit Mantras are the effective, these have been ‘seen’ by Rishi/Seers and every mantra has the name of the Rishi who first saw it. There are some ‘modern gurus’ who propagate some ‘modern mantras’ of their own devising. Do not use these as you might hurt yourself on the energy levels.

Mantras work on several levels. When you utter them you are manipulating your physical body, it is a vocal exercise first. The mouth and the vocal apparatus directly affects your own ajnya chakra so first of all your own the Ida, Pingala and Sushumna are subtly affected. The vibrations move upwards through your nasal apparatus and are almost fully absorbed your your third eye, thus your entire body. Try this with the sound of ‘Ang’. Close your eyes, wear a eye-mask, and recite just ‘ang’ aloud, very nasal sound, drag the ‘nnnggg’, your lips remain open, and tongue presses against the palate. See the colors and patterns which you will see at your third eye. This ‘ang’ is used as the ending sound of every beej mantra, so that the energy of this seed sound is directly linked into your Ajnya chakra.

Then you are also fixing your mind on the meanings of the Mantras, so it a mental exercise. This lets your mind be absorbed in the beauty of the experience. This is the basis of “Laya yog’. When you hear the sound or rather experience its vibrations, it affects your internal energy structure. Words have inherent beauty, wonder if you have noticed? All this happens to you first, then to the listener. Our parents taught us to speak only auspicious things, speak the truth etc from our childhood onwards just for this reason. We modify our own energies by the simple act of speaking. Try this, choose one mantra, eg the Gayatri mantra or Soham, and whenever you are mentally or physically uncomfortable, just recite this mantra a few times in your mind, try to focus on your third eye as you do so. In less than a minute you will feel differently on both the mental and physical levels.

Mantras make things move, they are fire, embodiment of the Raja Gun, of Devi Sarasvati. She is depicted as playing the Veena, a musical instrument, this is nothing but the Sushumna. The Sushumna with all its chakras and its powers! Devi Sarasvati plays the Sushumna as one would play a musical instrument.

kalam-playing-veena.jpg
Dr A.P.J.Abdul Kalam, the highly respected Ex-President of India playing a Veena

First all the vowels, as per the effects they create, are considered to be basically linked to the Ida. However they are also connected to the Pingala and Sushumna as follows.

  • All the short vowels ऋ ऌ are also linked to the Pingala. These are considered to be masculine, of potential energy and steady. When we utter a short vowel it gets linked to the Pingala. All consonants when linked to a short vowel are link more strongly to the Pingala.
  • The long vowels link only to Ida. These are considered feminine or active or varying in nature. And when we utter a consonant with a long vowel it gets linked to the Ida.
  • The vowels are also linked to the Sushumna. These are considered to be genderless, they can neither be considered to be active nor inactive. A consonant with the vowels gets linked to the sushumna.
  • There are the two support vowels.
    • Am अं is linked to the Purush, the constant unchanging masculine witness. A consonant uttered with the ‘am’ or ‘ang’ ending gets linked to Purush. ‘ang’ makes it very intense.
    • Aha अः also called the ‘Visarga’ is linked to Prakruti or the feminine active principle of creation. A consonant uttered with the ‘aha’ vowel ending is linked to Prakruti.

All the consonants are basically linked more to the Pingala.

  • All the 25, gutturals, palatals, cerebrals, dentals and labials are considered to link to the Pingala.
  • However the semi-vowels – ya, ra, la, va, the sibilants – श ष स and the last three consonants –   क्ष  are linked to the Sushumna. and क्ष are very important Akshar are they are linked to the two petals of the Ajnya chakra lotus. And the is linked in the Sahasrar.

Even if you recite this Askarmalika ie the sounds of the Sanskrit alphabet once a day they are the easiest mantra possible!

In fact during the Yadnopavit, it is the Sanskar, the energy ritual where boys are taught the Gayatri mantra, they are first taught the Shiv sutrani, these are simply the Akshar in a very specific sequence,

  • अ इ उ ण्
  • ऋ ऌ क्
  • ए ओ ङ्
  • ऐ औ च्
  • ह य व र ट्
  • ल ण्
  • ञ म ङ ण न म्
  • झ भ ञ्
  • घ ढ ध ष्
  • ज ब ग ड द श्
  • ख फ छ ठ थ च ट त व्
  • क प य्
  • श ष स र्
  • ह ल्

This sequence is highly mathematical stuff, if you search there are numerous research papers on the beauty of this maths. This is the basis of the grammar of Sanskrit. Reciting this sequence generates very beautiful energies. Say them aloud and see for yourself.

Now a spiritual aspirant is interested in those sounds, Akshar which are connected to the Sushumna, so we have our list, the vowels औ अं अः and the consonants य र ल व श ष स ह. If you observe our Mantras they are more composed of these Akshar. These mantras drive the energy directly into the Sushumna.

Today is Diwali, the festival of Light. This is the Amavasya, the no-moon night of the Ashwin month. The Ashwin month is bursting with the energies of illumination, ie the energy of the Devi are extraordinary throughout this month. It starts with the bright fortnight, with the Navratri. Continues with the most intense full-moon, Kojagiri Purnima, the Moon is closest to the earth during this full-moon. Then the power again starts building  from the 11th day of the dark fortnight till the Amavasya, today. On this night, twilight onwards, pujas for the Devi in her Satvic –  Laxmi, Rajasic – Sarasvati and Tamasic – Shakti forms will give immense benefits. So do not waste this night, use its energies for Devi pujas. Practice and experience for yourself. The really serious practitioners will have prepared in advance for this night, there is so much you can do tonight if you know how.

Wishing everyone a very happy, prosperous and auspicious Diwali.

May the Devi bless every one of us!

 

Siddhakunjika Mantra

 

Beej mantras

It is possible that this post gets too technical, but this was the best I could do to simplify the concept! (The website http://spokensanskrit.org is quite good for basic translations of Sanskrit words.)

Sanskrit is the Devbhasha देवभाषा, it भाषा means ‘to define’ and देव means ‘light’ or ‘divinity’. Thus Sanskrit language defines Illumination. Humans did not discover this language, its origin is from the cosmic sound of Om. (There are scientific papers on the perfect mathematics of the 14 Maheshwar Sutras). Sanskrit is highly mathematical and precise. Each word has layers of meanings and can express concepts both from the physical as well as the spiritual world with equal ease. There are several scientific papers on the mathematical and linguistic perfection of Sanskrit and experiments are being conducted to record the effect of Sanskrit words, on the DNA, in medicine etc, the visible energies of these words are being mapped with cymatics etc. We are re-discovering the importance of Sanskrit again.

Beej mantras

Sanskrit has 54 Akshar/अक्षर. Akshar are indestructible, inalterable, immutable, fixed sounds. All these Akshar are sourced from Om, they are different aspects of Om. Om is the original sound of creation. The entire Universe resonates to the vibrational frequency of Om (lots scientific papers on this too). Thus the Akshar define existence and evolution both, and have the power to change these states. Each Akshar is considered to be Divine in its own way. Stringing them in defined ways gives the words of Sanskrit. These words are speech, the Mantra.

You can change your existence and the direction/speed of your progress/evolution using these mantra. Mantra words have tremendous power as they harness the energy of sound/vibrations itself, (Nada/नाद Brahma or Shabda/शब्द Brahma). We revere sound/vibrations/rhythm as Divine, and call this divinity Matrika/मात्रिका. Vibrations are Time itself and have the capacity to alter Time. Sanskrit speech /mantra /मन्त्र are not just words. They are the the perfect expression/description of an idea. If you know the perfect word for an idea you can use this expression to manifest your idea. Thus Sanskrit Mantra have the power to manifest and create.

To re-cap, Devbhasha Samskritam/देवभाषा संस्कृतम is the first and original language of this Universe.  It is absolutely perfect by its own creation. Its origins are from the Pranav Mantra Om, and the seer Rishi Panini wrote its grammar as he saw it from the Akash. It has remained unchanged since it was first expressed by the Universe. Sanskrit words are found in all the languages of the world and it is the original mother-tongue of mankind.

So let’s list out the 54 sounds. (I don’t know how to write them with the diacritical marks).

  1. 14 vowels – a, aa, e, ee, u, uu, rhu, rhuu, lhru, lhruu, ae, ai, o, au
  2. 2 support vowels – am, aha
  3. Gutturals – ka, kha, ga, gha, nga
  4. Palatals – cha, chha, ja, jha, nja
  5. Cerebrals – ta, tha, da, dha, na
  6. Dentals – ta, tha, da, dha, na
  7. Labials – pa, pha, ba, bha, ma
  8. Semi-vowels – ya, ra, la, va,
  9. Sibilants – Sha, Ssha, sa
  10. Consonants – Ha, LLa, Ksha
  11. Conjunct Consonants – Tra, Jnya
  12. The sound of the Bindu or dot. (it is somewhat like ‘ang’, very very nasal)

Now with this brief introduction to Sanskrit and the sounds, on to beej mantras. The sound which is the ‘seed’, the primary cause, the source, the truth is the ‘beej’.

Every sound/Akshar has its own power, linking 2 or several can create a blend of their powers. These Akshar are the root sounds and are the purest expression of their energies.

Example, Ga (ग) – is ruled by the specific Devi Gayatri who personifies the light of pure wisdom and clarity. Thus the beej mantra derived from this गं (‘gung’ with the nasal sound of the Bindu/dot) has the capacity to grant wisdom. Mantras are power, to utilize this power you will need your Intention and your personal Will. This गं beej mantra will do whatever action is required to confer wisdom. This is the reason why using beej mantras randomly is considered dangerous by normal people. When you use this गं beej mantra you are sending out your intention (powered by your will and the mantra) to the Universe that you desire the purest expression of wisdom, and the Universe will respond in all ways possible. Extreme example is, if for receiving this wisdom you are required to leave your householder’s life and take sanyas, you will be made to do so, if not in this life, then in whichever life this intention will fructify. So beej mantras should be used with due respect.

Now the mantra of the Devi Mahatmya/Durga Saptashati. ‘Om Aing Hreeng Kleeng Chamudayai vicche’. This is what the beej mantras briefly mean,

Om = the pranav mantra, origin of the Universe, your real name, the Paramtattva

aing = ai + ang = Abundance/richness + Bindu

hreeng = ha + ra + ee + ang = Eternity/Endless/One + Removal/Dissolution + Balance/Perfection + Bindu

kling = ka + la + ee + ang = Control/Coordination + Beauty/Enchanting/Captivating + Balance/Perfection + Bindu

 

Now each of these beej mantras end with the nasal ‘ang’ sound. This is different from the ‘am’ sound. This sound is the reason why mantras are not so effective anymore. If you observe your priest doing a puja for you, he will use the sound ‘am’, as it should be. He is doing this puja for you, this beej mantra is not being recited for his own self, he is saying it for you, so he pronounces it as ‘am’ sound made by closing the lips.

Now the Bindu ‘ang’ sound. This is transcendental. It is the sound of the 16th kala/aspect of the Moon (internal Illumination) ruled by Mahatripurasundari, the highest Paradevi, Mahamaya Herself  who is represented by the central Bindu of the Shriyantra/Meru geometry. You are accessing the creative aspect of the Parabrahma itself when you use this Akshar. When you make this sound the lips remain open, the tongue presses at the back of the palate (is significant) and the energy of the sound is directed upwards through the nostrils into your third eye. You are powering the mantra to high energy levels, you are manifesting your intention, you are being the Creator Himself.

So always pronounce the beej mantra as ‘Om aing hreeng kleeng Chamundayai vicche’ and not as “Om aim hrim kleem Chamundayai vicche”. And treat the mantra with due respect, you are putting the energies of the Universe into motion with the mantra.

Edit

I got several confused questions on the ‘nasal anngg sound’ so here is a audio of the Ganapati mantra, ‘Om Gan Ganapataye namah’ it has been recited perfectly.

 

Beej mantras

(Thank you to the kind soul who wanted to know more about the beej mantra, I hope reading it triggers something good for you!)