Marma points, Heal your body yourself.

This is one of the most secretive part of Ayurved. There are very few texts and very few of them are in public domain. There are a few Vaidya /Ayurved-acharya (Ayurvedic doctors) families in South India (mainly Tamil nadu and Kerala) and some ancient brahmin families in Uttarakhand, who have these books and techniques as family secrets. Some of these books are ancient, still on birch-wood/Bhoj-patra. The ancient Rishi-s who have written on this topic are Sushurt, Vaagbhatt and Agastya.

Marma मर्मन् is a Sanskrit word meaning, articulation, weak point, hidden weakness, sensitive spot, quick acting, vital organ, hidden, anything that requires protection and needs to be concealed. There are 108 Marma points in the human body. 108 is the ‘magic’ number of Sanatan Dharma/Hinduism!

Marma points, Heal your body yourself.

There are a quite few Marma-chikitsa centers who offer therapy on the Marma points for deep healing, inner healing, removal of blocks etc. Be careful about these centers. Marma chikitsa, ie medical treatment using the Marma points, is a very useful and highly effective way to cure several incurable body/ mind conditions. If you are sure about the credentials of your Marma chikitsa center, (you can check out where the Vaidya-s have learnt it, check past patients experiences), then you should get a therapy done. It will help immensely, it is rather like magic sometimes! They use targeted pressure using massage and specific combinations of ayurvedic oils to manipulate the Marma points. It is a very precise science, not intuition, so be careful of ‘intuitive healers’ and such. If you are not sure about the credentials of the Vaidya-s, then it is advisable to not mess with your Marma points.

These Marma points are the vulnerable points of your body. Of the 108 points, 64 are highly vulnerable, getting hit/ cut here can cause death. There are knots of naadis which carry vital energy/pran, located under these Marma points, thus their extreme sensitivity. Indian fighting techniques like Kalari (which still survives in Southern India), Marma points are used to kill. Knowledge of Marma is integral to the science of the Living Ayurved and the science of War Dhanurvidya, both.

Marma points are of 6 types depending on which parts of the body they ‘join’.

  • Mamsa मांस marma – where muscles join
  • Asthi अस्ति marma – where bones join
  • Snyau स्नायु marma – tendons join here
  • Dhamni धमनि marma – where arteries join
  • Shira सिरा marma – where veins join
  • Sandhi सन्धि marma – where the major limbs of the body join

The size of a Marma point can be variable. Some are the size of a grain of rice, while some are the size of your palm. Even if you get hit on a Marma point it causes excruciating pain as the pran/ vital energy movement in the naadi is affected severely. The three elements of the body, the tri-dosh, vaat, kapha, pitta go out of balance and the body /mind goes into shock. There may be excessive bleeding or even no bleeding as basically the naadi-s are damaged. The flow of the pran (all five types of pran), in the whole body is disturbed. This is very dangerous. Being hit on some points will be instantly fatal, some will cause crippling effects and some will cause injury, all will hurt. In some marma points, if the hurt is caused by a weapon, removal of the stuck weapon will cause death. Again, Marmas were used to kill and heal, both.

Marma points, Heal your body yourself.

Writing in details is not possible in this post, and I am not a Vaidya. (If you are seriously unwell then you need to get medical help from a proper professional).  Here are some tips on small but significant things you can do at home for your own healing using the concepts of Marma. And also remember to protect these body parts from being hit/injured.

The most important Marma point of the body is the navel. The center of your entire body. A direct hit here can be fatal. Be very careful of your navel. Put a few drops of warm coconut oil in your navel every night, very gently massage this area. Do it for 21 days and see for yourself.

(Make sure you use only edible coconut oil for all this gentle massage stuff at home. It should be clearly marked ‘edible’. No mixed oils, no mineral oils, no chemical ingredients. Massage means a very gentle rubbing, no heavy pressure. Regular gentle circular motions, that is it. These are highly sensitive points.)

The center of the forehead, the location of your third eye chakra. I still remember when in school someone clicked their fingers on my forehead. I literally saw stars and breathing was disturbed. Don’t let anyone hit you here. Don’t even let random people touch you here! Some people have this habit of hitting their forehead when they forget/remember something. Get rid of this habit, it disturbs the entire Ida/ Pingala/ Sushumna system.

Then on the head are more points. The top of the head is extremely sensitive. You can try this tiny marma chikitsa yourself, take 1-2 tablespoons of warm coconut oil and do a self massage. Very gently with your whole palm, rub the top of your head. It takes about 15mins for this much oil to be absorbed into this point. More oil the better. Highly beneficial, do it at least once a week regularly. Overall energy will increase, sense of hearing, smell sight etc will improve. (Or you can ask your family member to do it for you). Hair will also improve as a side-benefit!

Then is the mid point between the edge of the eyes and the ears, a slight hollow in the skull, both sides. If you get a headache or feel stressed out, you can gently rub these points to get relief. You must be doing this already.

The throat, the center hollow in the front and the two sides of the throat. (As a kid, I remember getting hit by a brother on the center hollow, I remember breathing but no pran flowing, then blacking out). Vishuddhi chakra with its Rudra granthi, very sensitive. One should always be careful of the head, throat and the spine/back.

Marma points, Heal your body yourself.

Then on the shoulder, the point where the bones of the arm and collarbone meet in a complicated joint. The arm-pits are also quite sensitive. Also the points where the legs join the body, the inner hollow.

The entire fleshy palm and sole are sensitive areas, especially the center of the palm/sole. The webbing between your thumb and first finger is linked to your head. The next time you have a headache, try very gently pressing this web. (This is a snyau marma point and is also in the foot). As is the center of the wrist on the inner side. Your entire body is connected to your wrists and palms, also ankles and feet. It feels relaxing to get a foot oil massage just for this reason. You can get the same benefit by taking warm coconut oil in your palms and gently rubbing them together, applying gentle pressure, wrist upwards for 15 mins. And you can ask a family member to do the same gentle rubbing with coconut oil for your feet. (And you can return the favour later!).

The midpoint of your forearm and the midpoint of your upper arm. And the midpoint of the fleshy part of your calf and midpoint of the inner sides of the thighs in your legs. You must have noticed that calves ache when you are tired, it is not muscle pain, it is this pran movement issue. If you gently rub the marma point with oil as above, it will feel better quickly.

The tip of the knee and the elbow. I am sure we all have banged our elbows and frozen in pain. Well, the excruciating pain is because it is a Marma point.

Then the chest, on the diaphragm, the central point, where the abdomen and chest join. Here lies the Anahata chakra. On the chest, the entire aureole areas. Then lower is the Manipur chakra, this is the center of your waist above the navel linked to the solar plexus. The point of Swadhisthan chakra, midway between your navel and lower end of the abdomen, this is linked to the kidneys and urinary bladder. The Muladhar chakra ie the physical anus and the reproductive organs. These last are quite sensitive areas from the nadi/ pran flow point of view, if there is a cut here, it can be fatal.

On the back, personally, I feel the entire back is sensitive as the Ida/ Pingala/  Sushumna run sort of ‘below’ the backbone. Damage to the backbone area and a couple of inches on either side of it will affect pran flow in these three main nadis.

Marma points, Heal your body yourself.

If you want to increase the efficacy of your self-massage try these simple things

  • If you know Reiki, or any other healing energy modality, reiki your oil hands to trigger the healing energies.
  • If you have learnt to make a Chi-ball, make it and put on in your oil bottle, with all intention of healing and perfect health.
  • Draw a healing rune on the oil bottle.
  • Pray to Danvantari, the form of Shri Vishnu who is the deity of Ayurved. Recite his mantra once or just think of him with gratitude and request his help.
  • Or call on your source of faith, request help from your Higher Self.
  • Play your favourite Sanskrit Shlok/ Mantra/ Stotra in the background. Intend that this healing energy enters the oil and your body.
  • Sit in the early morning Sun while doing this. Skin and oil together in the early morning Sun will give you your daily Vitamin D supplement.
  • If you feel drawn to any flower in the Bach flower system, use its energies in your healing process.
  • Know that this will work because you are doing it for yourself.

Try some of these small things from Marma if they appeal to you. If you do them regularly with positive intentions you will help your own body and mind and be happier and healthier.

 

Marma points, Heal your body yourself.

Secrets of your Shadow Chhaya Sadhana

I am sure as a child you must have enjoyed playing with shadows. In a dark room with a single candle making imaginative shadow shapes with your hands? Or in the evening, making shadow shapes on walls with your friends. Those were good uncomplicated times. Today’s kids wouldn’t have even seen their shadows. They are in school the whole day! Sometimes I wonder if they suffer from Vit D deficiency?

Now shadows. When I was a child, it was an enjoyable pass-time to stare at the shadow for a minute, we would purposely stand in scary poses with arms raised and all. And then look in the sky and see the large shadow/after-image looking back at you. An enjoyable scare perhaps and it felt like magic. Now imagine my surprise when I grew up and read in a book that this is actually a spiritual practice and is called ‘Chaaya Sadhana’!

Chhaya छाया is a Sanskrit word and means shade, play of light or color, resemblance, reflection, blending colors, reflected image, etc. One of the two wives of the Sun is named Chhaya the other is Sanjana (Also called Sandhya or Usha).

  • These four names have much deeper meanings. Sanjana means the connecting point between the two. To know what these ‘two’ mean you should start your spiritual practice. Sandhya is the joint, if you can find your way out from this Creation maze, it is from here. Usha is the aura of the internal Sun. Chhaya is the reflection of the internal Sun which you see at your third eye.
  • And in common usage Usha is the light we see before sun-rise, ie, morning twilight. And Chhaya is the light that we see at evening twilight.

Sadhana साधना means accomplishment, performance, diligent practice, to propriate, to worship, to adore, to subdue, to find the solution to the conflict, establishing the truth, the agent, the reason, the means, the materials, the perfection etc.

Secrets of your Shadow Chhaya Sadhana

Not much is written about Chhaya Sadhana but there are couple of books in Sanskrit on Swar-yog in which it is mentioned. The basic practice is as follows,

  • Get your Sushumna active first. Either by doing pranayam or shift the nadi physically. Later you can shift the nadi just with your conscious intention. If your Pingala is active when you do your practice your mind will not be able to concentrate. And if your Ida is active when you do your practice your body will face some discomfort in sitting/standing for so long. So Sushumna should be active when you are doing any mind-focussing practice.
  • Stand in the morning sunlight, about 1hr after sun-rise. The light should not be too intense and the skies should be clear. Wear light/thin clothes. (Yogis do it wearing the basic minimum)
  • Stand with your back at the sun so that your shadow falls straight in front of you either on the ground or on a wall. Remember that the shadow should be seen in its entirety.
  • Stand, straight arms at your sides and focus at the neck of the shadow.
  • Mentally recite the mantra “Hreeng Parabrahmane namah” ह्रींग परब्रह्मणे नमः 108 times. You already know how to count on your fingertips so be precise with this count. This will take 3 mins max.
  • Now close your eyes, put your hands over your eyes so that it is dark. (technically a Mudra is performed here, but it is not for beginners). You should see the after image of your shadow in your closed eyes. Here the shadow gets projected on your third eye chakra. Be in this pose for 2-3 seconds.
  • Open your eyes and look into the clear blue sky. The after image of the shadow will be superimposed in the sky. Now you will use this image to analyse yourself.

If you are already doing some spiritual practice (mantra with the breath), you will see the shadow’s after image as it should be seen within a few days. If you are starting from nil, it might take upto 6 months.

The books say that the following are the interpretations.

  • Left upper arm absent: misfortune to the spouse
  • Right upper arm absent: misfortune to a close friend
  • Both arms absent: misfortune to some close relative
  • Head missing or the entire shadow is very faint: one’s death can occur soon
  • Any other body part missing: personal misfortune or illness of that part
  • An elongated body part can indicates good fortune.

The colour of the image

  • A completely black or dark blue image – personal misfortune
  • A yellow image – personal illness
  • A red image – mental stress and deep rooted mental problems
  • Many colours mixing together –  development of intuition and good progress in spiritual practice.

First on what is actually happening when you concentrate your mind like this on your own shadow. You can do this on clear full moon nights also when the moon is bright enough to cast a shadow. It becomes an even more powerful experience on such nights. But first practice it in daylight, else you might end up scaring yourself at night. Any sadhana requires complete control over mind and body, but it doesn’t come in one day, but keep practicing regularly, most of the things I write about take very little time. If you choose to do this sadhana, it will take 5 mins of your time, no more, but everyday.

Secrets of your Shadow Chhaya Sadhana

The combination of the mantra and the shadow and the sun/moon light creates a stillness in the mind. As the mind goes still, it sees beyond the simple light-shadow. It now sees the ‘shadow’-image cast by the movement of pran in your body. The shadow is something like a ‘photography negative’ of the body. When you are seeing the shadow on the wall, then seeing it at your third eye and then seeing it projected on the backdrop of the blue skies you somehow make it a ‘positive’ image again. Basically you see your pran-mai-kosh. If the pran/vital energy is not moving properly in a particular part of the body, it will cause illness there. So if the shadow looks thinner or vanishes from a body part you should be careful. Do healing on that part.

As far as the predictions from the book go about the misfortunes/ death I haven’t experienced such severe misfortunes (thankfully!) like these till date. But yes if the shadow gets ‘thinner’ for some body part I do feel pain. e.g. I tore the ligaments of the knee, that shadow-part got slightly ‘thinner’. You can correlate this with your body’s aura reading too, it will match. But the predictions apart, it is a very uncomplicated exercise which helps the mind expand.

You are superimposing your shadow-self on the skies. Can you understand this statement? You are linking your pran-mai-kosh to the Sky, to the Limitless. This exercise increases the pran flow in your body, both the quality of pran as well as the smoothness of the pran flowing in your nadis. The sky is a wonderful thing. Do you even turn your face up and look at the sky? Do so. Clear blue uninterrupted blue, limitless. All the pran/vital energy of the Universe just there looking back at you. Just looking at the clear blue skies balances the Saturn of your horoscope, makes your karmic leads easier to bear, Forget the esoteric, this uplifts the mind, relaxes it and wipes off looping thoughts from your psyche.

If you continue this exercise, you will be able to experience not only the pran-mai-kosh but also progressively the Mano-mai-kosh, Vidnyan-mai-kosh and the Anand-mai-kosh. Ultimately this will also lead to Samadhi and the ultimate knowledge of the Soul.

(There are other uses of this practice too. I had written in some post about the real tantriks being able to create a shadow to go and do their work. This is one of the ways of creating such a shadow.)

As a kid, playing the ‘shadow game’, I never knew that I would be doing this as an Chhaya Sadhana when I grew up! Indeed every action you do, leads you towards your Self. It has been quite helpful too, so once in a while do check up your shadow. It is also a good way to soak up some extra sun-rays. It might sound very simple and childish, but it is a very powerful and full-fledged spiritual practice in its own right. It alters your perceptions of Time, Space and pulls you on your road to yourself.

 

Secrets of your Shadow Chhaya Sadhana

(Whatever I write about is obviously from some text or the other, I do not claim that originality. Whatever could be written about, all Tatva-gnyan, all Sadhana, ie all knowledge and all practices possible have been written down by our ancient Seers/Maha-Rishi. But yes, the experience which I had from practicing them is my own. So practice yourself and experience your own too!)

(A small update: Dad read this post, rolled his eyes and told me that there is a Chhaya-Jyotish too. The length of the shadow is measured and there are conclusions drawn from it. I asked him for the formulae, he said will give me the reference book if he still has it. So many aspects of Jyotish are vanishing in these modern times!)

 

Health tips from Swar yog

Swar means the the tone, sound, voice, air breathed through the nostrils, 7, etc. ‘Swar yog’, means the conscious power of the vital energy/pran that you are pulling in with your breath. Your pran is your best friend. Now if you are able to use this power consciously you will not only progress on your spiritual path but also live a happier, healthier physical life.

Spiritual growth is everyone’s right. There are several paths which suit people of different temperaments but the destination remains the same. Broadly the paths are of two types Tantra and Yog. Yog is to wilfully avoid the physical experience and focus only on the core inner practice. Tantra is to experience everything with awareness, thus remain immersed but yet apart, ultimately transcending it all. Both require complete control over the mind and the body.Health tips from Swar yogSwar yog is analysing the quality of your breathing and recognising the rhythm of the pran that you are pulling in. You adapt your behaviour/actions as per the power of the pran. It is different from Pranayam. Pranayam is controlling pran and then using it.

There are 3 swar, and they flow through the Ida, Pingala and Sushumna in a rhythmic pattern.

For perfect health, Ida and Pingala must alternate approx every hour or 1.15 hrs. Both should be open for equal durations. And during the point when they change, the Sushumna should active for 2-3 minutes. i.e. one nostril will feel alternately blocked and then for 2-3 minutes both will feel open. If this is rhythmic then it means that the brain is being utilised equally. If this is not happening in regular rhythm, the body/mind will fall ill, i.e. one part of the brain is over-stressed. If the Left nostril/Ida is open for more time it means a problem which has its source in the mental processes. If the Pingala/right nostril works more than is should there is an imbalance in the flow of vital energy/pran in the physical body and you will fall seriously ill within the next 6 months. You can time your Ida/Pingala durations and if there is a problem address it by consciously shifting the swar (refer post here). Eg. Digestive problems, respiratory problems, impotency, ‘cold’ linked problems are linked to excessive Ida flow. Pingala over-active means problems related to heat, ulcers, acidity, muscle pains, high blood pressure etc. (This post on nature of medical problems)

When you sleep at night, try sleeping on your left side, this will keep the body warm and resolve digestive/respiratory problems. If you are feeling cold, or suffering from ‘cold’ related ailments, sleep more on your right side till the ailments sort out. Sleeping on the back for extended periods is not advisable.

Health tips from Swar yog

The flow of Swar is linked to weather too. If the weather is hot dry, Pingala flows more. In cold rainy weather Ida is more dominant. The Indian season/Rutu ‘Sharad’ is the best as the Swar cycle is best balanced during these two months. When the Sun is in the odd signs, Pingala tends to dominate. And when the Sun is the even rashis, Ida tends to work more. There is a very intimate link between Jyotish and Swar. Especially when you get clients for Prashna kundali, you are required to be aware of your personal swar movement. A lot of your answers can be given from this itself.

For women in the reproductive age group, the swar cycle is unbalanced for the first 3 days of the monthly cycle. Sushumna works more or a combination of Sushumna/Ida overpowers Pingala. The body gets tired and you simply droop. So take rest during these days. From the 4th day of the cycle the swar rhythm somewhat regularises. Always remember if your Swar cycle is disrupted for more than 3 days be alert as you might fall ill soon.

For simple illnesses you can try this simple technique. e.g you have a sudden headache, check which nostril is active and immediately change it to the other one. You will feel relief. If you are getting feverish, close down the Pingala nadi and activate the Ida, your fever will go down. It always works.Health tips from Swar yogNow, you can easily check which nostril is active, one will feel ‘open’ and the other ‘blocked’. You can also blow on a mirror. Have you ever checked how your exhaled breath looks like? So take a mirror, keep it 2 cms away from your nose and exhale normally. Look at the shape formed on the mirror. If your Ida is active, left side of the exhaled moisture will be larger, if Pingala is active then the right side will be larger and if the Sushumna is active both halves will be equal. If you keep track of the shape of the exhaled air over time, things can get more interesting.

The five-elements, the Pancha-Bhoot, are also active in the body in a particular rhythm and their activity is reflected in the shape of your exhaled air! If you are already doing some spiritual practice you will be able to instantly see these shapes. Spiritual practice controls the mind so the flow is smoother, so the shapes are more defined. Else you will have to practice something and then observe the shapes and study them for a couple of months. The five cycle in a fixed manner through the Swar cycles. Some practical uses,

Akash tattva in the Swar – small scattered dots. Happens only for 4 minutes so you might not see this pattern in your study. Its significance is limited to spiritual practice. Relax, take a few deep breaths, enjoy the inner nothingness. If you attempt any physical/mental activity during this period, you will be unable to focus. If by a rare chance Akash occurs when Sushumna is active (max 30 secs). You can bless/curse, do any spiritual practice, read any chart, intuition/power is extraordinarily high.

Vayu tattva in the Swar – oval shaped exhalation, for 8mins. Agitated situations so if you act without thinking you will get unexpected results. But if you act with balance and self-focus, this will work.

Tej tattva in the Swar – a triangular shaped exhalation. Occurs for 12 mins. This period gives mental agitation. Keep your opinions to yourself do not get into arguments. Keep away from sharp objects, you might hurt yourself.

Prithvi tattva in the Swar – The mirror is covered by the exhaled moisture as large amount of moisture is created. This continues for about 20mins, so you will see this pattern most commonly. Do some material type of work during this period, plan, think about something permanent physical thing. If you want to work on your health, take medicines or self-healing this is the perfect time.

Aap tattva in the Swar – this exhalation is seen as a half-moon shape. Occurs for 16mins. Things done during this period give immediate but changeable results. So do some actions which require movement.

So use your Swar. Sanatan Dharm/Hinduism is about practice and studying the self. You have to be aware of yourself. There is no pill which will do this for you, you have to do it for yourself.

Here is the easiest thing you can do. Be aware of the physical inhaling/exhaling. Whenever you get even one minute free at home or at your work, do this. Mentally recite ‘So’ as you breathe in and mentally recite ‘hum’ as you breathe out. You might think to be very silly and childish. But this simplest thing has the power of the Ultimate. Doing this you will remain aware of your breath. This is the first step which leads on to control of the mind. Ever seen a monkey’s behaviour? The mind is just like that monkey, always looking around, always agitated, picking up objects discarding them, jumping around for no reason, aimless but oh so very busy. This simple 1 minute So-hum is reining in your mind, one minute at a time. Do this for 21days and see the difference in yourself.

Modern ‘biorhythms’ are nothing but a crude version of Swar yog. Take care of your mind/body is these are the vehicles through which you exist on this earth. Being aware of the flow of the Ida/Pingala/Sushumna, the Swar is the first step to permanent health.

 

Health tips from Swar yog

Tripur, Tripurari, Tripursundari

A story today.

All stories from Sanatan Dharm/Hinduism are allegories and have hidden meanings which help you on your path to Yourself.

This story is about the Tripur. It is from the Mahabharat and also mentioned in the Yajurved. First the story in simple words.

There were three brothers named Vidyunmali, Tarakaksh and Kamalaksh, the sons of Tarak-asur. These three brothers did intense austerities, as a result Brahmadev was pleased. They desired three indestructible cities, one for each. But Brahmadev was like, ‘nothing lasts forever’, so the brothers added a caveat that the cities would be impregnable, indestructible etc and would be destroyed only if one single missile hit them all three at once. Brahmadev was ok with this and thus the brothers got their cities. They got their architect, Maya-danav to work on the cities and got the Tripur constructed. The three cities were more like planets, each moved in independent orbits. However the three cities would align with each other, just for one instant, once in a thousand years. These cities were unassailable citadels and ideal for waging war on others. So the three brothers went on a rampage and wrecked havoc on the Universe. Everyone in the Universe rushed to Vishnu for help. He came up with a solution, Shiv would fire the missile at the Tripur at that one instant when they would aligned, thus destroying them all at once. So for this task, the following stuff was sourced,

  1. Prithvi was the chariot.
  2. Gandhamadana and Vindhya mountains were the frame of the chariot.
  3. Shesha was the Aksha/ axis of the chariot
  4. The Moon and the Sun were the two wheels of the chariot
  5. Malaya mountain was the yoke of the chariot.
  6. Gandharva-s named Elapatra and Pushpadanta bound the yoke and the chariot.
  7. Takshaka the Naag was used to tie the chariot and its yoke, pins, etc together.
  8. The four Ved-s were the four horses who pulled the chariot.
  9. The six Vedang were used as the bridles on the horses
  10. Gayatri and Savitri were the reins
  11. Om was the whip
  12. The charioteer was Brahmadev
  13. The Mandara mountain was the bow
  14. Vasuki the Naag was the bowstring
  15. Vishnu was his missile.
  16. Agni was tip of the missile
  17. Vayu was the side balancer of that missile
  18. Yama was the tail-balancer of the missile
  19. Vajra was used as a whetstone to sharpen the missile
  20. Meru was the standard/flag which was raised on the chariot.

Shiv then stood immobile on this chariot with the missile ready on his bow. The three cities, Tripur, came into alignment for that one instant in thousand years. He then sent this missile against the three cities, burning and reducing it to nothingness. The name of the fire which burnt the Tripur was called Yug. Then Shiv marked his forehead with the Tripundra (the three horizontal lines) with the ashes of the Tripur and danced his Tandav. Shiv is called Tripurari, (Tripurasya ari) the enemy of the Tripur.Tripur, Tripurari, TripursundariThis day when Shiv destroyed the Tripur is celebrated now as the Tripurari Pournima. This is the full-moon day in the month of Kartik (November). On this full-moon day, the Sun is in the Vishakha Nakshatra. The Moon can be in three possible lunar mansions, in Bharani or Kritika or Rohini. If it is in Kritika and conjunct Jupiter it becomes a very rare Mahapournima, perhaps this happens once in thousand years! However worship of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiv is performed on Tripurari pournima and it gives very auspicious results.

Now the esoteric significance. This story is describes how you experience Moksh. A Sanskrit mini-translation of the words.

Sanatan – eternal, without beginning or end. The beauty of our Dharm is that it derives from the inner self. Even if the knowledge of the Eternal, e.g. books, temples are destroyed, teachers/brahmins/Guru are killed etc, it will rise again from the inner soul.

Dharm – foundation, solidity, firmness, virtue, ethics, merit, right, character. It is the right action that you are required to perform as per your conscience.

Tri – three. A lot of things in creation are in triplets. The three-gun, Satva, Raja Tama. The three bodies, Sthool, Sookshma, Karan. The three states of Existance, awake, dream state, deep sleep. The three tendencies in Ayurved, kapha, pitta and vata. The three forms of Gayatri mantra, Gayatri, Savitri, Sarasvati. The three Granthi in the path of the Kundalini, Brahma, Vishnu and Rudra Granthi etc.

Pur – town, fort, body, intelligence, initial creation.

Initial creation starts with the creation of Purush and Prakruti. Prakruti, the active principle, further creates the Manifested. Prakruti is composed of the three Gun, Satva, Raja and Tama. These are the tri-pur, the first created triad. These are seen in the Shri-yantra geometry as the top-most equilateral triangle below the bindu. In the body these are the 3 topmost chakras, Vama, Jeyshta and Raudri. The Bindu is the Prakruti, also called ‘Lalita Tripursundari’.

Lalita means ‘the one who plays the game’. Tripur is the tri-gun. Sundari means yellow, beautiful woman, a meter of prosody, the one who is equally divided, equal streams, equal creation, equal cleaving, equal ignorance. So now, ‘Lalita Tripursundari’ will mean the ‘One who Plays’ who is further divided into the three equal energies of the initial creation. Prakruti is composed of the 3 Gun. Satva, Raja and Tama are equal in strength. As long as they are in perfect alignment the triangle remains equilateral. When they get pulled out of alignment the triangle loses its perfection, ignorance is created and the rest of creation follows. This further creation caused by the action of Raja-gun/Brahma on Satva/Vishnu and Tama/Shiv.

If you want to shoot up your kundalini to the very top, the three Gun have to be brought into perfect alignment again.

Tripur, Tripurari, Tripursundari.jpg

Tarak-aksh – blind to the the Unfathomable which exists behind the Light. However covered by superficial shimmering light. (The Reality is hidden by the Splendour that it radiates.) In Dhyan you see the silver/gold lightening at your third eye, the trick is to not get enamoured of this light, as the Reality is concealed behind it.

Vidyunmali – covered by lightening but lacking the real internal lustre. Creation might look very pretty but it is quite insubstantial on the inside.

Kamalaksh – blind to real Prosperity, endowed with superficial wealth. We run behind the objects of the created universe oblivious to the real Wealth that spiritual practice can give us.

Tarak – liberator, saviour, darkness, meteor-light, eye, driver, float.

Asur – spirit, divine, sign of the zodiac, opponent of the light, cloud.

In all the stories there is a common theme, that an Asur rises up becomes powerful and creates havoc in the Universes. Everyone then rushes to the three main deities or their wives for help. The deity kills the Asur and peace is restored. However to understand these stories in the real sense, one has to remember two things,

1. nothing is inherently ‘good’ or ‘bad’. Everything just ‘is’. Your perception and your conscience labels something as ‘good’ or ‘bad’.

2. Every action you take leads you to Yourself. You reach the limit of emotion, action anything, you reach the Ultimate. Kunti reached the limit of ‘sorrow’ thus found the Divine. Tarak-asur reached the limit of ‘evil’, thus found the Reality. Everyone’s path is different but it all leads to the Parabrahma. You can only choose your route, the destination is the same.

Brahmadev – conscious potential energy of the Raja-gun. This further creates the energies below the tri-gun. Brahmadev controls the Brahma-granthi which is located at the Muladhar chakra connected to the Prithvi tattva.

Vishnu – conscious potential energy of the Satva-gun, this balances between the creation and destruction (below the tri-gun). The granthi at the Anahata chakra is called the Vishnu granthi.Tripur, Tripurari, TripursundariShiv – conscious potential energy of the Tamo-gun. Tamo-gun is a highly cryptic one. The commonly understood meaning of tama is dull, discordant, dangerous, damaging etc. But there is something called ‘Vishuddha-tamo-gun’, Shiv represents this. Its quality is to still, to dampen, to smother. The time from 10pm to 2am at night is pervaded by this vishuddha-tamo-gun. If you are able to do your sadhana at this time you can progress faster. The granthi at the Vishiddhi chakra is called the Rudra granthi.

Prithvi – earth element of the Pancha-bhoot. The conscious energy of stillness, solidity and firmness.

Gandhamadan – the sound that the muladhar chakra makes. It sounds like a heavy buzzing of the bumble-bee. Literally it means one who is intoxicated by fragrance.

Vindhya – the one who aims single-pointedly for the experience which is desired

Shesh – the remaining energy which remains surplus after the creation. It is visualised as an elephant at the base of the spine and as the Naag/serpent bed on which Vishnu rests at the top of the spine. Shesh is the name of one of the ‘elephants who support the Earth’. Elephants are distinguished by their trunk ie sense of smell thus often associated with the imagery of the Muladhar chakra. The Muladhar chakra is linked to the sense of smell and to the prithvi tattva. Also if you want to access the granthi/energy knot at the base of the Muladhar chakra, you have to first face Ganapati in his terrifying Uddanda-Ganapati form. Thus poetically elephants can be described as supporting the Earth!

Aksh – axis, wheel, pivot, measure, dice, court, 5, balance, cube, weight, snake, soul, vehicle, religious knowledge, bones, blind person, senses. Sanskrit is a palimpsest, you have to know which meaning to use where!

Chandra – moon, left eye, Ida nadi, brilliant, pleasant, camphor, metre, gold. The energy associated with the Ajnya chakra. It is the sum of your existence, past, present, future and parallel.

Surya – sun, 12, pingala nadi, brilliant, gold, auspicious. The energy associated with the Sahasrara chakra. This is your self-ego, your first cut-off from the Universal Reality.

Malaya – a measure, mountain. Mountains are the energies which spike out from the Muladhar chakra. Himalaya is the tallest physical mountain, thus his daughter is called Parvati who wishes to marry Shiv.

Gandharva – ‘small in quantity but very fast moving’. These are a class of beings.

There are several beings who inhabit this earth, Yaksha, Gandharva, Naag, Rakshas, Danav, Daitya, Dev etc. These are found in places not inhabited by humans. In the Himalayas there are several ancient temples which were made and used by these beings. Eg the Kasardevi temple in Almora belongs to the Yakshas. The Kotgadi and Haatkali temples belong to the Naags. There is a Yakshavati river in Pithoragad (it is dying now), where the Yakshas would come every full-moon night. Even now there are several remote places in the Himalayas where it is advisable to avoid going, especially on full moon and new moon nights.

Pushpadant – expanding point (this is a paradox)

Elapatra – flowing constant (this is also a paradox). The Parabrahma, Ultimate reality cannot be described in the words of this manifested creation thus is often considered to be a paradox.

Takshak – craftsman, one who creates solid stuff from diffuse materials. This is the name of a Naag. Naag also represent the bindings of karma. You too act and create stuff. When you act with intention and self-ego you create karma. This is also linked to the way kundalini is locked above the muladhar chakra. Mountains and serpents are both connected to the muladhar chakra and represent the karma.

Naag – serpentine, elephantine, cruel, living in water, name of a vital energy/pran, ephemeral, metal, mating. Naag is also derived from Nag meaning mountain. Mountains are again associated with the imagery of the Muladhar chakra.tripur tripurari tripursundariVed – perception, knowledge, property, sacred, property, truth. If you do your Dhyan long enough you will be granted the knowledge of the Ved. You will literally hear them, these are the ‘Shruti’, ‘heard’.

Vedang – the six sciences which help understanding the Ved, shiksha, chhand, vyakarana, nikruta, kalpa, jyotish. These are related to the deepest understanding of Sound and Time.

Gayatri – meter of 24 syllables, Gayatri mantra, or more precisely the form of the Gayatri mantra which is recited at dawn.

Savitri – the conscious energy of the internal light which you see at your third eye. Also the form of Gayatri mantra which is recited at midday.

Om – your real name, the origin of this universe. It is created from Prakruti. It is one of the three possible options for mantras to be used in Dhyan, the other two being Soham and Hamsa.

Mandara – mirror, heavy, firm, heaven, chain of pearls, mountain, meter, a tree. Poetically Mandara (Erythrina indica) flowers are worn by Lalita Tripursundari. Actually her energy is of brilliant red color, you will find real tantriks always put a red tilak indicating that they worship Her.

Vasuki – the serpent/Naag which Shiv wears around his throat also ‘desire’.

Agni – 3, third eye, ajnya chakra, fire from the Pancha-bhoot, brilliance, gold. All deities linked to the tri-gun, Brahma, Vishnu, Shiv, Sarasvati, Laxmi and Shakti have three eyes, these have the conscious energies of Sun, Moon and Fire.

Vayu – desirable, vital energy, intelligent energy of the air. One of the panch-bhoot. This is the vital energy which flows in your body. You think you breathe oxygen, but in fact you are pulling in Pran, a type of Vayu from the Universe. Yogi-s do not need oxygen, they can live off pran directly.

Yama – flight, motion, incoming, driver, moral duty, rule, control, self-restraint, key, vibration. For any spiritual practice Yama in all its forms is essential.

Vajra – impenetrable, shaped like a dumb-bell, a form of the moon, spiritual practice. Indra (from the 33 koti devata) carries the Vajra in his hand. It continually generates the silver/gold lightening. This is significant as Indra is your individual soul, you yourself create the glittery veil behind which lies your reality. Sanatan Dharm is all about the individual and his experience. Top priority is to the one who experiences. And you can experience only if you practice. Give yourself these 20mins every day and experience it for yourself.

Meru – the backbone, zenith, the geometry of the Shriyantra in 3 dimensions. The Meru as a symbol of victory is raised on the chariot. This indicates that once the Tri-pur are destroyed the top of the Meru/ Bindu is achieved.

Yug – time

Tandav – The dance performed by Shiv which results in complete annihilation of the manifested. He destroys Apasmar, ie confusion of the mind by this dance and reminds you what you have forgotten. You have forgotten your real self.

You can now take the meanings and fit them into the story, see what you can make of it! But basically the gist of the story is that you have to take your missile/energy of self-realization, from the Muladhar chakra to the top of the Meru, only then will you remember your Reality. In this journey you have to take the help of so many things/energies which are at your disposal.

 

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(There was a question on the Tripur story so wrote this, my personal understanding of it. This is an important story, as it actually tells you how you have to go about freeing yourself from the Illusion around you. Each one of us will experience this same thing during Dhyan as we move onwards on our spiritual journey to the Self.)

Aries/Libra, The Beginnings, Part 3

This is the concluding post of this three part series on Aries and Libra.

Are you just an individual or just a partner in an equitable relationship?

Aries and Libra indicate beginnings, Aries is the natural ascendant, the 1st sign of the zodiac. You are created from the energies of Dissolution. It is the beginning of the first half of the zodiac where you use the energies available to you for developing your own self. Then you use your personal sense of self and self-ego to create karma in this half. In Virgo, you realise the magnitude of karma you have created for yourself and you start working on resolving it, here the focus is still on your own self. In Libra, the 7th sign of the zodiac, the natural descendant, you start your journey back to the unmanifested Reality. In this second half of the zodiac you give of yourself. You consciously return the sense of self-ego and diffuse the energies that you had labelled as belonging to yourself. This process continues till you reach Pisces, the Dissolution, you dissolve your self into the Greater Self with full intention. Virgo and Pisces are the ‘endings’ as Aries and Libra are the beginnings.

Together, Aries and Libra represent Change of the highest intensity.Aries/Libra, The Beginnings, Part 3The change that these two signs represent is not the traumatic and shocking one associated with the 8th house /Scorpio. This change is the subtle inner one which determines your soul’s direction. You choose this change. You are aware of the situations which existed before, you chose this change and you are aware of that which will happen. Thus the element of sorrow associated with these two signs. When you change something consciously you are aware of leaving something and taking up something new for your own good. The process may be pleasant or perhaps not, but there is no option.

Aries and Libra are the preferred partners, in the 7/7 axis. These are mirror images, outwardly very different but internally completing each other. If you are a Libra you might observe your favoured partner to have an Aries dominant or a Mars dominant personality. e.g. He may have a Mars in the ascendant, or ascendant lord heavily influenced by Mars, or the birth Moon controlled by Mars etc. Or he may have Aries as the ascendant, or the birth Moon in Aries, or a bunch of significant planets in Aries. (And likewise for Aries.) Venus and Mars are very closely linked planets. Libra needs Aries to complete itself and Aries too requires the qualities offered by Libra to complete his personality.

If Aries is original thinking, Libra is the one who gives it structure to those thoughts. Aries is self-focussed but Libra manages to create agreements between two self-s. As the pioneer Aries forges ahead, Libra follows, making those legal and social ties which are mutually acceptable. Equitable fairness consolidating the blast of energy. Raw power cannot be sustained indefinitely but for the balance of Libra. Libra uses the raw material that Aries provides it and creates the ever evolving balance. Passion tempered by intellect is even more formidable. Aries provides the force and Libra the balance, one has no meaning without the other. Libra continually adjusts the force created by Aries which benefit not just the two of them but also the larger community. Libra needs Aries to give it a sense of self. Continually seeing oneself as a ‘partner’ rather than as an individual is not healthy. Unless you appreciate your ‘individuality’, you will put yourself and your needs last.

Aries and Libra are the same in several ways.

The same planet controls the 6/8 axis for both signs. So if the personality is strong the changes forced on this personality will be equally strong, creating an equally strong new personality. Your strength is tested at every instant. Every change forced on you is by your own self. You hammer on yourself, thus evolve. It is traumatic to even think of, but you do it, throughout your life. You are created from change, you create change and you change in very fundamental ways.

Their owners consume and refashion each other. Venus becomes the only Marak for Aries and Mars is the only Marak for Libra. Marak is the planet who decides the time when your body is saturated. You have amassed all the Value you could, and you leave the physical body. This is a very subtle relationship between Venus and Mars which needs to be appreciated. You are born with a fixed agenda regarding resolution of karma. Karma is created because of relationships, you consider someone ‘other’ and perform your actions with a sense of ‘self’. So resolving karma essentially means to resolve relationships.

For resolving karma two things are needed

  • Letting go of the sense of self (domain of Aries)
  • Letting go of the sense of ‘other’ (domain of Libra).

So the signs have to let go of their own defining nature! Thus their constant dissatisfaction in close relationships, they know that with each relationship they are getting closer to letting go of their essential natures. (Only when you let go of your narrow sense of self can you attain your Higher self/Moksh.) There is a deep underlying sorrow that each creates for the other. e.g. Libra never gets the perfect relationship he desires, he has to face a raw blast of energy instead. Aries gets a geometry-obsessed intellectual rather than someone passionately adventurous. But both know in their deepest hearts that what they get is actually right for them. But knowing doesn’t make it easier. Both know that they have to explore the spiritual realms to find peace. And they do it, but this happens late in life. Till then life passes by in a blur.Aries/Libra, The Beginnings, Part 3Now for the energy and Moksh related significance of this axis. Remember you are studying Jyotish, the deepest knowledge/Ved-ang, which will Illuminate your own Self.

Aries is the structure of the body and the energy flowing through it. i.e it is also the structure of the Chakras, the naadis and the pran/vital energy flowing through it. The force of the pran (and later Kundalini) is extremely great. This force, if let loose without balance will destroy everything. Now a Libra may be whatever his chart signifies but inwardly he wants to balance. He wants things to be perfectly in alignment all the time. I know a Libra who keeps his office desk in perfect order. Books, files and photos of the kids all at perfect 90degrees, the laptop parallel to the desk-edge, the chair placed just so! He is so obsessed about this that I had to suggest Tratak, as a better use of his obsession.

You see Tratak is one exercise which is perfect for geometry-obsessed individuals. You stare at the perfection of the Shri-yantra and with time force your own internal geometry to match its perfection. This to me is the real spiritual goal of Libra. Rather than focussing on the material, the objects on the desk, better focus on your own internal geometry. Your chakras are out of balance because of karmic influences (basically Rahu-Ketu). Work with your Libra-ness  and bring these mis-aligned chakras to their perfect balance. The forces flowing through the chakras have to be perfectly balanced so that the chakra geometry gets aligned and remains aligned, (the balance is dynamic!). And then allow your Aries-nature to push the high volume of pran first so that the Kundalini can later shoot up in one smooth motion.

How you see yourself as? How do you explore your relationship with Yourself? How do you conquer the kingdom of your Dream? This is the secret of the Aries/Libra axis. The beginning of the end.

 

Aries/Libra, The Beginnings, Part 3

24 Tattva, essences of existence

In Sanatan Dharm/Hinduism, you acknowledge the essential consciousness in everything.

There are things which cannot be perceived by the limited organs of sense. There are also things beyond the manifested, beyond the Panch-bhoot. Once you realise this, you will try to go beyond these limits of the gross.

When you eat a sweet, you experience it with your five sense organs. But what of the subtle energies of the sweet? (I and my colleagues went out for a really super lunch last week. It was prepared by someone with a really evil mindset, so I stopped after eating one bite, but it was enough to give me mild food poisoning. I cannot perceive this energy with my gross senses.) Can you experience the weight of a speck of dust? Or the blast of a supernova? No, you cannot, not with these limited senses.

So the objective has always been to go beyond the limits of the physical. The last frontier so as to speak! Ultimately the desire is the to re-experience the Soul and beyond it consciously. You are called the individual soul/Jivatma and you desire to transcend this and re-experience the Eternal Soul/Paramatma.

A individual soul consists of 24 distinct attributes/Tattva.

Screenshot 2019-07-07 at 11.26.22 AM

To recap, the Singular Parabrahma creates Duality, Purush-Prakriti. Prakruti is the first Essence of Creation/tattva, and is composed of the three Gun, Satva, Raja and Tama. When the balance between these 3 gun is spontaneously disturbed Creation occurs. First to be created is Mahat-Buddhi, the second tattva. The next to be created is the Aham-kaar, self ego.24 Tattva, essences of existenceAham-kaar

Now further. Raja-Gun again acts on Mahat-Buddhi and the 3rd tattva called Aham-kaar manifests. Whenever something has to be created, Raja-Gun, personified as Brahmadev and his wife Sarasvati, provides the energy. Aham-kaar, Aham karoti iti, is the personal identity, ‘I’, ‘Mine’, self-ego, individuality. It’s function is to bind the soul more tightly with self-referential behaviour.

In this ‘I’, reside the Vasana, वासना, the roots of desire. Vasana is also a Sanskrit word which means – longing, idea, imagination, regard, respect, confidence, false notion, liking, inclination, expectation, the present consciousness of past perceptions, impressions remaining unconsciously and Vasana is also a meter (Chhand छन्द) in Sanskrit prosody (so it is a sort of vibration ultimately). These ‘Vasana’ are created by interaction of the Gun, Satva, Raja and Tama with Mahat-Buddhi and Aham-kaar, all powered by Prakruti. These Vasana are linked to your past actions, your conscience has judged them. Those actions which were acceptable to your Antaratma/ conscience, their essences reside as ‘Dharm’ the correct foundation, and those which were against your conscience, are the ‘Adharma’ foundations of demerit. Both these foundations influence the ‘I’ and the Mahat-Buddhi above it. Vasana are the seeds of karma and are required to be rebalanced. (Prakruti powers all these actions and also differentiates her own self accordingly. All these things are happening within Her and are Her.)

Now Aham-kaar will evolve further, in two different ways. It will be modified by Satva with Raja. Ot it can be modified by Tama with Raja. It creates the Indriya as per the table above. These Indriya इन्द्रिय are the parts of the body, vigour, power, organs, senses etc of the body and also their ability to act/sense.

  • The power of the 5 organs of senses and power of the 5 organs of action are a total more 10 tattvas. These 10 combine to produce another distinct tattva called the Manas मानस (imagination, belief, thought, idea, view). 
  • The Pancha-bhoot are again 5 separate tattva and the 5 tan-matra are also 5 distinct tattva.

Thus the Prakruti and her energies make up the 24 tattvas of creation.

The 25th tattva is the Purush who does not take part in this game of Prakruti, but just witnesses.24 Tattva, essences of existenceSo when you get on the path of re-experience, you dissolve these tattvas. This process happens when you start your spiritual practice, Dhyan and only during this time when you are sitting on your Asan. When you are manipulating pran and then kundalini you are not completely in this manifested world. You are exploring the way back, you are in the energy of the joint/Sandhya.

So first you experience everything that you can with your senses, you have been doing this for several lives now. You sense the gross atoms and the molecules, the lowest manifested energy levels. You cannot go on eating sweets for ever after you get satisfied. There would be no meaning to such a life. So, you move on to the subtler and the subtlest things. But then to experience the subtle you need power the subtle senses.

So it first starts with the 21 lower tattvas merging back into the Self-Ego/Aham-kaar. In this phase you remember to sense and act directly through your ajnya chakra, using your intention and directly powering it from the pran from the Universe. I have written about small exercises where you can exercise your subtle energy, like seeing aura, telekinesis, distant vision, telepathy, seeing the future/past/parallel. These are just small reminders that there is more!

It may seem difficult when you are reading all this, but it is the easiest thing! You have the power of creation with you, so use this power. Create the intention that you wish to re-experience Your Real Self. The Prakruti will provide her energy to this intention.

In Sanatan Dharm, you will find most spiritual aspirants will have the Devi, the Goddess as their Isht devata. It may be Gayatri, Laxmi or Chamunda, these are the forms of the Prakruti, the tattva which actually forms the entire creation out of her energies. Doing Devi Sadhana always gives faster results. When you do a mantra-jaap linked to Her energy, you are giving a direction to her spontaneous release of her energy. This energy then drives your intention of Soham and takes you there. The process is faster if you do a mantra jaap in addition to the essential Dhyan.

But all said and done, your only work is to sit on your Asan, focus on your third eye and mentally recite Soham 108 times with your 108 breaths. (1/2/3 times a day as possible). It has to be a regular thing, every day (except for 5 days off for women in their monthly cycle.) This is all you need to do. The simplest things are the most powerful here. Once you are aware of the road, you will walk it spontaneously (Sahaj). Whatever pran has to be manipulated or Kundalini to be awakened, all of it will happen on its own under the direction of your Eternal Self.

 

24 Tattva, essences of existence

 

 

Guru Stotra, Guru defined..

Listen to this beautiful rendition of the Guru Stotra by Uma Mohan and read on.

Tasmai Shri Gurave Namah – Thus I bow down to that Shri Guru.

Shri is a Sanskrit word which means, wealth, prosperity, adornment, beautifying, radiant, Illumination, splendour, royal, rich, majesty, glorious, mighty, lustrous, grace, power,  auspicious etc.

Guru is a Sanskrit word which means, big, teacher, great, relevant, majestic, grand, significant, heavy, gravity, weight, respect, importance, dignified, elder, influence, valuable, difficult to understand, serious, potential, Seer, Sage, Rishi, chief, density, attraction and power.Guru Stotra, Guru defined..Om

1. Guruh Brahma Guruh Vishnu Guruh Devo Maheshwarah, Guruh sakshat Para-Brahma tasmai Shri Gurave Namah.

The energies called Brahma, Vishnu and Maheshwar are the potential stages of the Raja, Satva and Tama Gun. (Their corresponding active stages are Sarasvati, Laxmi and Shakti). In the deepest stages of Dhyan your individual soul absorbs them and the three Gun come to a balance. (Topmost triangle of the Shri Yantra) Further, this leads to Moksh (Bindu). The Brahma, Vishnu and Maheshwar are the energies which help you reach the Ultimate thus they are ‘Guru’. Your Real Self /Parabrahma, i.e. Energy which Witnesses, also pulls you towards Yourself, thus it is a Guru.

The Guru is the Ultimate Reality. And likewise the Ultimate Reality is the Guru.

Such is the Guru.

2. Chaitanyam Shashvatam Shantam, Vyom atitam niranjanam. Naadbindu kalateetam tasmai Shri Gurave Namah

The Ultimate intelligence, consciousness, eternity, gravity, silence, stillness, eternal endlessness, the one without birth. The Naad, Bindu and the 16 types of Kala (read this post on creation) are manifested during creation, Guru is beyond these manifested things. Guru is the Reality which remains after you experience and transcend creation. The Ultimate reality is not these heavy-duty words, it is much much beyond that. The Guru is beyond this manifested Universe, he is the Eternal.

Such is the Guru.

3. Ajnyan timir-andhasya Gnyan-anjan Shalakaya, Chakshuh oonmeelitam yena tasmai Shri Gurave Namah.

The darkest of the dark ignorance surrounds our soul/Jivatma. This state is called the ‘timir-andh’. This shlok/verse refers to the initiation of a disciple by a Guru (Jivan Mukt). During initiation you are shown a glimpse of the white/gold Being of Lightening. Your third eye and its surrounding nadi energy structures are  flooded with pran by the Guru, so that pran can start flowing and then Kundalini also can follow. This Lightening is your first glimpse of the Parabrahma. And your Guru shows it to you! At that extremely subtle energy level there is no difference between the Guru and the Parabrahma. This internal Guru which has been shown to you, now pulls you towards the Eternal. You do your Dhyan, now with the image of the target in mind. It energises you.

This shlok also refers to the final realisation where the energy of the ‘Guru’, finally pulls you in into Yourself in the deepest stages of Dhyan.

Such is the Guru.

4. Akhand Mandal akaram vyaptam yena characharam. Tat padam darshitam yena tasmai Shri Gurave Namah.

When a Guru gives his initiation to his disciple, the region of the third eye chakra gets illuminated, becomes visible and the Guru nadi opens. Here for a brief fraction of an instant (which seems endless!) you get a glimpse of the Ultimate. The whole geometry of the endless dimensions. The Reality inherent in everything of this manifested universe and also in the Un-manifested. Only a Jivan mukt is capable of giving such an initiation. Now it is upto the disciple to practice what he has been taught and to see and experience this Illumination consciously again. As you start doing your Dhyan and it progresses, you see this Reality initially as a crescent moon shaped (Guru-pad) illumination. Thus a disciple sees the Guru-pad twice. Once a tiny glimpse during initiation and then the Experience during the Final Realisation.

Such is the Guru.

5. Sthavaram jangamam vyaptam yat kinchit sachar acharam. Tat padam darshitam yena tasmai Shri Gurave Namah.

The Prakruti is the eternally in Spontaneous Motion animated principle, She Plays. The Purush is the inanimate Still Intelligence, He Observes. These two are pervaded by and created by that eternal Singular Reality. The Guru first shows you this duality and then the Singular Reality and how the Reality pervades all. The Guru is the strength to first show you, then make you experience and then transcend.

Such is the Guru.Guru Stotra, Guru defined.jpg6. Chinmayam Vyapitam sarvam trailokyam sachar acharam. Tat padam darshitam yena tasmai Shri Gurave Namah.

The three states of Bhu, Bhuvar and Swah are linked to the three states of existence (Jagrut, Swapna and Sushupti) and also the three Gun (Satva, Raja, Tama). The Moveable Prakruti and the Still Purush. All these things are composed of the Parabrahma. In our present level of understanding we are under the impression that these differentiated states are somehow not the Ultimate. But the Guru energy makes you experience the Singular Reality pervading everything. So you perceive the Singularity in all these so-called differentiated stages. Everything is absorbed by, pervaded by the Universal intelligence.

Such is the Guru.

7. Yat satyena jagat sarvam, yatra pashena bandhiya, yada anandena nandanti, tasmai shri gurave namah

The manifested Universe is pervaded by one essential True Knowledge also called Para-Vidya. This energy called Prakruti binds this manifestation, slows down the energy and creates this Universe for you. And then finally the innate knowledge (Atma gnyan/Para vidya) gives Moksh in a clear incisive burst of eternal happiness. These are all the aspects of the Guru.

Such is the Guru.

8. Na Guroh-adhikam tattvam na Guroh-adhikam tapah. na Guroh-adhikam gnyanam tasmai Shri Gurave Namah.

No tattva, i.e. essence of creation (there are 24 tattva of creation) can be more powerful than a Guru. i.e. the power of the Guru will break the binds of the 24 tattva. There is no spiritual energy (tapa = heat of spiritual activity) stronger than the Guru. i.e when you do Dhyan on the guru-pad (the third eye chakra which is later seen as a crescent moon in Dhyan), maximum energy is generated. The Guru is the final Realisation. The Guru is the energy of the Parabrahma which always pulls you. Thus the Guru is responsible for conferring Moksh.

Such is the Guru.

8. Man-nathah Shri Jagan-nathah Mat-guru-Shri jagad-guruh. Mam-atma sarva-bhutatma tasmai Shri Gurave Namah.

The one who protects me is also the auspicious protector of all my creation. The greatness which is mine is also the greatness of the manifested universe. My Soul is the Universal Eternal Soul/Parabrahma. And all this is the Guru.

You are not separate from the Eternal. However this temporary feeling of separation is because you have created a universe for yourself. This verse/shlok reminds you that you yourself are the Eternal Reality.

Such is the Guru.

9. Chid-roopena parivyaptam trailokyam sachar acharam. Tat padam darshitam yena tasmai Shri Gurave Namah.

This shlok is rather similar to (6) above, with one difference. Chid-roop here means first the ek-roop then the Para-vidya. When Prakruti manifested the Universe, she creates 7 types of bindings over herself. These 7 roop are vice, virtue, passion, dispassion, power, weakness and ignorance. Thus she Plays, she creates (Lalita). When finally she finishes her Game, she manifests Ek-roop, singular form, also called as Knowledge in herself. Thus Knowledge nullifies the bindings and stops her movement. Creation stops. Now this knowledge becomes more incisive and eventually the Ultimate Knowledge of Singularity manifests. The Guru illuminates the path which leads you from your limited individual soul to the Eternal Soul/Parabhrama. (This is the route from the Ajnya chakra to the Kutastha)

This is Guru.

10. Sarva-Shrutih shiro-ratna samud bhasita murghaye, Vedant ambuja Suryayah tasmai Shri Gurave Namah.

All the Shruti /Ved refer to the ‘jewel in the head’, this is the seat of the Parabrahma, the Kutastha. The individual soul is allowed conscious entry here only when it attains Moksh. This is the Eternal consciousness which resides above the lotus of the Sahasrara chakra. The flow of consciousness (spontaneous movement of Prakruti) creates the eternal knowledge called the Ved (ek-roop and then atma-gnyan manifests). When you reach this end of this ‘flow’, you reach the end of the Ved and you reach your final destination, the Eternal Illumination.

All this is the Guru.

Guru Stotra, Guru defined..11. Gyanshakti-samaroodhah tattvamala vibhooshitah. Bhukti-mukti -pradata cha tasmai Shri Gurave Namah.

If you remember my earlier post on creation, the three chakras Vama, Jeyshta and Raudri are linked to the three Gun and also the Kriya Shakti, Iccha Shakti and Gnyan Shaki. Now the Guru is above these Shakti’s, literally, the seat of the Guru is the Bindu!

Then when you dissociate Your Soul from the 24 tattvas of creation during Dhyan, i.e you offer them to the Guru. Then you are allowed to come closer to the source of the Guru. So in a way here, you offer creation to the Guru. You stop being the ‘doer’, and start being the witness. You stop creating new karma.

You are the Eternal, the Creation is an aspect of your own self called Prakruti. This is called ‘Bhukti’, division, possession, enjoyment. You divide yourself. Mukti is release. Release from karma, bindings, duality, ignorance etc. The energy called Guru is responsible for both division and release.

Such is the Guru.

12. Aneka-janma-sampraptah-karma-bandha-vidahine. Atma-gyan-pradanena tasmai Shri Gurave Namah.

You have taken so many lives, have taken on so many karma, bound yourself, forgotten your Reality. The Guru breaks open these bonds on your soul/Jivatma by giving you the ultimate knowledge. The knowledge of the Self (Atma gnyan or Para vidya)

Such is the Guru.

13. Shoshanam bhavsindhoshcha prapanam saar sampadah. Guroh-pad-odakam samyak tasmai Shri Gurave Namah.

The flow of consciousness i.e. life/creation, though pleasing is Maya, it can neither be completely real nor is it a complete illusion. So this ‘creation’ at the spiritual levels is always a binding. The energy of the Guru drys up this ocean of Maya, this then leads to you achieving the Essence. If you are able to absorb the essence of the Guru which is first visible at the ajnya chakra and then traverse the route from the ajnya chakra (Jivatma) to the Kutashta (Parabrahma) you attain Moksh. (Follow the energy of the footstep of the Guru!).

Such is the Guru.

Tasmai Shri Gurave Namah – Thus I bow down to that Shri Guru. Om

But Namah means more than just ‘bow down’! It is something like the Ultimate power. The paradox of illusion and wisdom united together. Depth of stillness and flowing movement together. The eternal unborn one in solitude. ‘Gurave’ means ‘in the Guru’. This power of ‘namah’ is ‘in the Guru’.

This is the Guru Stotra which defines the ‘Guru’ in the spiritual sense. There are many humans who pretend to be Guru and create followers for themselves, live a life of luxury. Having a Jivan Mukt as a physical human-looking Guru, face-to-face is very rare. So find your internal Guru, this energy is always available to us all, it is the route which starts from the Ajnya chakra. Do your Dhyan, focus on your third eye chakra and on your Soham mantra.

The Guru always exists.

Shri Samarth Sadguru Muppin Kadsiddheshwar Maharaj
Shri Samarth Satguru Muppin Kadsiddheshwar Maharaj

Tasmai Shri Gurave Namah – Thus I bow down to that Shri Guru. Om

For more, Guru Gita and the books by Jagat-Guru Shri Adi Shankar-acharya, especially his commentary on the Brahma sutra.

The Full moon day/Pournima of the Ashadh month (today), is the Guru pournima. Do your spiritual practice with the intention that the ‘crescent moon’ turns ‘full’. Guess that says it all!