Soham and Hamsa the Ajapa mantra

I have written posts on the Ajapa mantras, Soham and Hamsa earlier (index). Soham and Hamsa are the same energy, they both will take you to the same destination, they are both equal. But there is a subtle difference in the thought that they express, both routes are slightly different. 

The Ajapa mantra are inherent in the sounds embedded in the breath. All living beings continuously recite the Ajapa mantra with every breath they take, but unconsciously. The initial objective of spiritual practice is to become aware of this continuous mantra jaap. This 5 layered body, panchakosh in which we, the individual soul, exist in, is ‘made from’ this Ajapa jaap, the ‘soundless speech’.

The sound ‘Sa’ exists in the inhalation/ Purak and the sound ‘Ha’ is embedded in the exhalation/ Rechak. And as I have mentioned earlier also, when you reach the Unmani avastha, the Ha and Sa vanish, ie you stop exhaling/ inhaling and remain in the Kumbhak state, this is the 4th stage of Om. The goal of spiritual practice is to go beyond the sound form of Consciousness, Shabda Brahma and reach into the soundless Arth, the Self hidden in the sound. Thus the Ajapa mantra are a fast track system for Moksh.

Om has four stages (ref Mandukya Upanishad). Waking – Jagrut, dreaming – Swapna and deep sleep – Sushupti are the three routine stages which we all go through in our lives. The silence that comes after you recite the Om is the fourth stage. In this state, the Mind is in the Unmani avastha and you are in your Self. When this stage occurs during Dhyan, it is called ‘Samadhi’, or more properly it is the Turiya state of the Vedant. You cross the boundaries of the creation and exist firmly in the ‘Soundless’ Atma. For the spiritual aspirant, this stage occurs temporarily while sitting on the Asan. The objective of all spiritual practice is to exist in this stage always, this is called the Parama-hamsa or the Jivanmukt state. 

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This subtle analysis of Soham and Hamsa is just a technicality. You can approach the Atma, the Self, from either direction. Both are the same energy and have the same power to pull you towards yourself. 

Soham – When you start your Dhyan with an inhalation and end it in an exhalation the mantra is ‘Soham’ ‘Sah Aham’ सः अहं, I am He’. Here the idea expressed is ‘Aham Brahmasmi’. I am that Atma. You can understand Soham in two ways depending on your level of evolution.

  • If you think that you are the Jivatma, then the subject ‘I’ is creation/ Maya/ Shakti or the jivatma the individual soul. With every ‘Soham’, the Jivatma says that it is the Atma/ Advaita / the ultimate auspiciousness, ie the Para Shivah itself. By continually asserting this fact, with time, transcendence takes place. In one line, ‘When Shakti looks at Shivah, it says Soham’ 
  • If you are confident that you are the Atma, the Advaita. Then Soham also means that the Para Shivah is continually reasserting that it is verily the Self. This is the Anuttarah avastha or the Vedant Vichar, also called the Turiyateet in some books. In one line, ‘When Shivah is in itself, it is Soham’.

Hamsa – if you start your Dhyan with an exhalation and end it with the inhalation then the Ajapa mantra is ‘Hamsa’ ‘He is Me’. Here the idea expressed is more on the lines of ‘Ayam Atma Brahma’. If you analyse the Mahavakya, then the fourth one in sequence is that ‘everything around me is verily my own self’. This is the expansion of the identity to encompass everything and everyone.

  • So in this thought process, with every ‘Hamsa’, the Atma/Brahma is saying that everything or all creation or Maya or Shakti is the same Me/ Atma/ Brahma. With Hamsa, the Ultimate Shivah says that he himself is the manifested Maya. In one line, ‘when Shivah looks at Shakti, it says Hamsa.’ 
  • Also ‘When Shivah is in itself, it is Hamsa’. The Advaita Shivah is continually asserting that ‘it itself is the only known’.

But still, for beginners on the spiritual path, I would recommend ‘Soham’ as the easier path. Right now, we are all under the impression that we are the Jivatma thus ‘Soham’ vichar/ thought is more suited for this mindset. Soham is the samhaarrupa of the Paramatma, ie it will destroy the anandmayikosh, ie linga sharir which is the seat of ignorance. It will also destroy the sachit karma and change the perception from the limited jivatma to that of the Advaita Paramatma.

The foundational thought/ Vichar of the Vedant is Soham as Aham Brahmasmi and also the Hamsa as Ayam Atma Brahma. And these two, Soham and Hamsa are also used in several mantra, yantra and tantra. You will find references to Soham and Hamsa in several standard books in the Upanishads and also in the Tantra.

Both are equally powerful and whatever you practice, keep on doing it. Convert every breath consciously into the Ajapa Mantra and be the Self.

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(This mini-post is in response to a question on Hamsa and Soham)

Our Bharatvarsha the Aryavarta

Our nation, our Bharat भारत is one, we are the residents of Bharatvarsha भारतवर्ष , we are all Bharatiya. We are the oldest civilisation, the mother of all civilisation. We are older than history itself. Never forget that. We are the Arya आर्य , residents of Aryavrat आर्यावर्त, we are the last remnants of Sanskruti संस्कृति .

We have lost information, we have forgotten our own history to the extent of forgetting our own language but still we are on the right path. Several of us have forgotten themselves completely, but still there is a significant percentage of us who feel the beat of Dharma in our individual souls and are willing to walk on the Sanatan path. Hold this thought in your heart and be proud of what you are, a Bharatiya भारतीय, above all.

The Vishnu Puran gives the definition of our Bharat and us its children, the Bharati. The first shlok is this,

उत्तरं यत्समुद्रस्य हिमाद्रेश्चैव दक्षिणम्। वर्षं तद्भारतं नाम भारती यत्र सन्ततिः।।

The land at the North of the Ocean and at the South of the snow clad Mountains, this is called Bharat and the children of this land are called the Bharati भारती . 

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Go through the Vishnu Puran to read what this our land, our Bharat भारत, is really all about. The several  dynasties, the numerous kings who ruled this Aryavarta from the time of Manu मनु are all recorded in detail here. This, in the Vishnu puran, is the history of us humans on Earth.

I will emphasise two essential points from the Vishnu Puran’s description of our Bharat, the rest you can read from the Puran itself.

  • The name of our nation, Bharat, comes from Chakravarti Samrat Bharat चक्रवर्ति सम्राट भरत, the eldest son of Chakravarti Samrat Vrushabh चक्रवर्ति सम्राट वृषभ and his wife Merudevi मेरुदेवी. This is way back in history, it is beyond ancient, tens of thousands years possibly. His capital was at Ujjain the city of Bhagwan Mahakaleshwar, this is the oldest capital city in the world. (I hope some Bharatiya government does deep archeological digs in this area soon)
    • Our nation is not named after Raja Bharat who was the son of Raja Dushyant and Shakuntala as is popularly propagated. This Raja Bharat was comparatively very recent in history, just a few thousand years ago.
  • Bharatvarsha is the only land on this earth where you can attain Svarg or even Moksh, the entire land pulsates with power. No other land has this inherent quality. This is the only karma-bhoomi in this world. So if you act with positive intention in this land you can achieve the exclusive Svarga/ dimension of highly auspicious energy. Or even the Eternal Advaita, your own Self. Also if you perform inauspicious actions in this Bharat, you will as easily achieve the lok/ dimensions of the lower energy levels.
    • If you are born, live and physically die here, it is because of some auspicious karma of very many lives. Use this time well, it is only a limited breaths long.

Our Bharatvarsha is the original Aryavarta, the land of the wise, the elevated and the Seers. 

bharat-mata

In the current times, the land north of the Devi Narmada is called Uttar Bharat and the land south of this river is called Dakshin Bharat. And this has led to such complications that Adi Shankaracharya himself had to come up with several energy solutions to bridge these two superficially divided mindsets. Most important is this one energy exchange, 

  • Anyone worshipping at Shri Kshetra Kashi Vishveshvar Jyotirlingam has to take some water from the Ganga river here and take it to the Shri Kshetra Setu Bandha Rameshwaram Jyotirlingam and do Abhishek over it there.
  • Anyone who worships at the Shri Kshetra Setu Bandha Rameshwaram Jyotirlingam has to take some sand from the Setu Bandha and immerse it at the Ganga in front of the Shri Kshetra Kashi Vishveshvar Jyotirlingam. 

Ideally every Bharatiya has to perform this once in his/her life.

Today I was reading a random article by a Jyotishi and Vedic scholar. (I had found an interesting Jyotish article and was looking up more work by the author.) To my utter shock this person is claiming that the Jyotirlingam at Rameshwaram (Dakshin) is more powerful that the Jyotirlingam at Kashi (Uttar). A Vedic scholar or even a Jyotishi must understand that it is all the same Bhagwan. One Lingam cannot be more or less than the other, it is the same. The same Lingam, the same Jyotih is reverberating throughout creation. Whether one goes to Kashi or Somnath or Kedarnath or Rameshwaram or Ujjain or Dwarka or Puri or Badrinath or Ksheer Bhavani or Purnagiri or Hinglaj or Jwaladevi or Kamakhya or Himalay or Sagar or Ganga or Narmada or Sarasvati or Yamuna it is the same Bhagwan of the singular Bharatvarsha.

There is only one Bharatvarsha. And we are all the same, Bharatiya.

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The Lila of the Devi is utterly mystifying. Our own history, philosophy and intelligence is right in front of us, in own our mother tongue Devbhasha Samskrutam, and we cannot read it!  

We all have to revive our language, the Devbhasha, in our homes, in our lives, in our hearts. This is the only way out of this morass in which we find ourselves today. We have lost our identity and our language Sanskrit is the only way we can find ourselves again. Let’s give our children the gift of being able to read our own books, the beauty of the Devbhasha. The easiest way is to subscribe to the Sudharma Sanskrit daily newspaper, its just Rs 600/per yr. Reading this one page daily news will help you learn simple daily Sanskrit.

We have to reclaim our language, thus our books, our history, our identity and thus our essential Non-Duality.

Svarbhanu aka Rahu Ketu and Ksheer Samudra Manthan

Of all the 580+ posts I have written till now, the most read are the ones on Rahu Ketu. And with good reason. These two are the most fascinating forces in the horoscope. If you can understand them, you understand Life, Living and the Beyond. If you analyse the horoscopes of charismatic individuals, Rahu Ketu will always be very strong. From business tycoons to genuine Gurus, they become this by the combined power of Rahu Ketu ie Svarbhanu.

Rahu Ketu are the two parts of the Asur Svarbhanu. The head is Rahu and the headless body is Ketu. These two were created during the Samudra manthan, ie churning of the infinite Ocean of Eternal Happiness or the Ocean of Mahapran during the time of the Koorma avtar, ie the incarnation of Shri Vishnu as Koorma.

There are no ’stories’ in Santa dharma/ Hinduism. These are all allegories, deep philosophy in easy to understand events which may also have actually occurred at some point of time. All our deepest philosophy is intertwined in various stories so that everyone, from children to the philosophers can read the same text but learn different things from it, palimpsests.

Samudra Manthan is a very important allegory in Sanatan Dharm/ Hinduism as it describes what happens in you when you do Dhyan. Your journey from apparent Duality to the Non Dual Reality.

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Briefly Samudra manthan goes like this. (Ref Ithihas, Mahabharat, Adi Parva)

Shri Vishnu gives his Vaijayanti mala to Rishi Durvas to deliver it to Dev raj Indra. He goes to Amravati, the capital of the Devatas and gives it to Indra. Indra holds it casually and the Mala falls from his hands. His elephant Airavat stamps on it. Rishi Durvas gets angry at this insult to the Mala and curses Indra that all ‘prosperity’ from his universe will vanish. Accordingly all types of prosperity, all wealth, all comforts, all gold, food, animals etc, Moon, Airavat himself and all symbols of Shri including the Devi Shri Laxmi herself, unmanifest ie dissolve back into the Ksheer Samudra. There is horrific turbulence, inauspiciousness everywhere.

Indra rushes to Shri Vishnu, asks for help. The solution is to churn the Ksheer Samudra with the help of his half-brother, Asur Raj Mahabali. The Devatas/Surs and the Danavs/Daityas/Asuras are to cooperate for this task. Thus the Ocean would give up its treasures and Shri ie prosperity would return to the manifested universe. Mandar mountain would be the churning rod and Vasuki Nag the churning rope.

On the chosen day Anant Nag uproots the Mandar mountain, sets it in the Ksheer Samudra. Vasuki Nag is tied 3 and 1/2 times around the mountain. 54 Devata hold on the tail part of Vasuki Nag and / 54 Asur hold his head portion. They start churning the Samudra. There is terrible turbulence, lightning, storms, Vasuki Nag breathes out fire as he is pulled, stretched and in pain, the beings existing on the mountain and in the ocean are destroyed, their essences merge into the ocean. Then the mountain also starts sinking into the Samudra. Shri Vishnu manifests his Koorma avtar and stabilises the mountain so that the churning can continue.

Finally the churning starts yielding results, embodiments of prosperity start manifesting from the ocean. Kamdhenu (given to the Rishis), Ucchaishrava (given to Asur Raj Bali), Airavat (given to Dev Raj Indra), Parijat (planted in Swarg), Varuni (given to Asurs), Moon (fixed in the skies), Apsara (went to Swarg), Panchajanya, Kaustubh Mani (both to Shri Vishnu), Sharanga (bow, weapon of Shri Vishnu), Mahalaxmi appeared with the Vyjanti mala (She is Shri Vishnu’s wife).

The churning continues, a poison Halahal or Kalkut manifests, it has the power to destroy everything so Bhagwan Shankar drinks it all and Devi Parvati with her power holds it at his throat. (Thus Bhagwan Shankar is pure white just like white quartz, Sphatik, but with a blue throat, Neelkanth.)

Finally Bhagwan Dhanvantari (deity of Ayurved) appears with the Amrut kalash in his hands. Thus fourteen ‘gems’ of prosperity manifest from the Ksheer Samudra.

Seeing the pot of Amrut, the Dev and Asur start fighting on who should drink it. Shri Vishnu uses his Maya and appears as a beautiful Mohini before them. He offers to distribute it fairly and they agree. Devatas stand on one side of Mohini and the Daitya-s at the another. Mohini starts with the Devatas first with the understanding that the Asurs would be served after them. Asur Svarbhanu goes and stands between the Sun and Moon so gets the the Amrut out of turn. Sun/Surya and Moon/Chandra object to this. Shri Vishnu gets angry with Svarbhanu’s behaviour and cuts off his head with his weapon the Sudarshan chakra. But Svarbhanu has already drunk the Amrut, he has gone beyond death. So his head continues to exist as Rahu and the headless body as Ketu. After this episode, Shri Vishnu further punishes the Asurs by not giving them their share of the Amrut.

Rahu and Ketu become specific enemies of the Surya and Chandra. They ‘devour’ the Sun and Moon from time to time, causing eclipses.

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All these words are in Sanskrit, ie the Devbhasha Samskrutam so have various meanings. Let’s try to understand the cast of characters in Sanskrit. 

  • Ksheer Samudra – This is the ocean of intelligent milky sparkly pran that surrounds us. We are all sealed inside this. The power of the configuration of the horoscope that you have tied yourself with. The conscious power of the sound, vibrations etc. 
  • Manthan – shaking, churning, creating fire by friction, energy created by movement of inward/ Purak and outward/ Rechak breath when you do your Dhyan.
  • Vaijayanti – a kinetic force created by terrifying acceleration and speed
  • Mala – line, streak, garland, crown etc.
  • Durvas – something that is difficult to be tolerated or stayed with
  • Rishi – ray of light, ascetic, seer
  • Indra – individual soul, king of the devata, post here
  • Mandar – connected to slowness, largeness,  firmness, meter of prosody, tree, mirror, heaven etc. Mandar mountain is considered to be a splintered part of the Meru itself.
  • Vasuki – the energy which converts the energies of the Vasu into solidity, ie the power which dulls or slows down pure energy.
  • Nag – cobra, serpentine, of the mountains, created from solidity, metal, stone, name of a pran, elephant, gigantic, cloud, karmic bindings, etc.
  • Anant – fraction, infinite, sky, number 1, silk cord, unending, eternal
  • Koorma – means a turtle, a serpent, one of the pran in the body, a intricate knot or the energy which holds the Kundalini tied to the Muladhar chakra, or an intricate locking mechanism.
  • Vishnu – stabilising or potential energy of Satva gun
  • Laxmi – kinetic or moving energy of Satva gun. The ‘sign’, ie the created universes.
  • Dev – light, excellent, sword, organ of sense, heavenly etc
  • Asur – absence of light, cloud, spirit, sun etc
  • Mahabali – big gift, immense offering, large tribute, great worship, great strength etc.
  • Shankar – the stabilising or potential consciousness of the Tamogun.  
  • Parvati – the active or kinetic awareness of the Tamogun
  • Mohini – energy of illusion, fascination, perplexity, confusion, delusion, attraction.
  • Sudarshan chakra – the energy of perfectly visible time cycles. The perfectly arranged energy which pulls inwards like a whirlpool. It destroys illusions in the sense it makes the cycle of creation perfectly visible.
  • Halahal – poison, snake, the reaction to actions done
  • Kalakut – false knowledge related to time/space, the concept of duality being an untruth, illusion of existence, foundation of time/space, destructive power of time/space, contained time/space
  • Chandra – Moon, water, shining, best, meter of prosody, beautiful, camphor, connected to the power of the Ajnya chakra etc.
  • Surya – Sun, number 12, auspicious, connected to the power of the Sahasrara chakra

Try to think on these meanings, in fact there are even more meanings, and to think on what these energies can mean in the allegory. We, followers of Sanatan Dharma do not follow anything blindly. We think, ponder, try to find the deeper essence of things. 

The Rahu Ketu axis

The fourteen gems which manifested out of the Samudra manthan are,

  • Sharanga – Chakata bird, peacock, bee, elephant, the bow wielded by Shri Vishnu. The Sushumna of the spiritual aspirant on which he will shoot up the Kundalini like an arrow. The vibrations, energy build up, discernment, purity etc that the aspirants feel in the body/mind as he begins with his intense sadhana.
  • Varuni – liquor, created by the deity Varun, also linked to war elephants or war horses, the power of motion used for destruction. This would be the energy which pacifies or destroys the dissonant energies which get active as the Kundalini gets access to the lower Sushumna. 
  • Apsara – a small creek, outlet into a larger waterbody, small waterbody, nymph, eddies of thoughts. This stage indicates the growth of divinity in the sadhak. Also indicate the turbulence of the mind which occurs during the Dhyan process. As you try to gain the unmani avastha the Manas/ Mind fights back by creating these attractive thought patterns to divert you away from yourself. Apsara is the wave which rises on the smooth surface of the internal ocean. These Apsara are under the control of Indra and reside in Swarg.
  • Kamdhenu – a being/cow that gives the essence of all desires and intentions. It is also considered to be stationed at the Muladhar chakra. Kamdhenu is the Queen of Cows, ie the magnificent power of vowels. The entry to the Sushumna.
  • Ucchaishravas – clearly uttered or heard loud rapid sounds, moving fast upwards, clear flowing precious substance. This is the sound that one hears when the kundalini starts on its journey in the Sushumna. (Shri sukta also describes the rising of the Kundalini). Ucchaishravas is the King of all Horses, ie the most excellent intelligence. Asur Raj Bali rides this as his vehicle.
  • Airavat – lightning, elephant, Devraj Indra rides him, ie control that the individual soul gains over the Muladhar chakra and its intricacies. When the aspirant brings his kundalini to the Swadhishthan chakra.
  • Kaustubh mani – oil, jewel, mudra, jewel which Shri Vishnu wears on his chest. The aspirant as he crosses the Manipur chakra.
  • Panchajanya – The conch used by Shri Vishnu. It means born from the five, condensation of the spread out substance, created using exact measures, crystallization of insubstantial energies, the sound of OM, the Anahata naada, heard when the kundalini crosses the Anahata chakra. 
  • Parijat – connected to the one who has descended, linked to the one who has fully developed, fragrant, of the one who was conceived. This is the fragrance/aura that high level yogis or realised Jivanmukt emanate, ie the power that we sense in their aura. The kundalini has reached the Vishuddhi chakra.
  • Chandra – moon, water, shining, number 1, meter of prosody, gold, etc. It is the radiance that the aspirant sees at the Ajnya chakra. Seeing the Moon at the Ajnya chakra means that the next stage, ie appearance of the Prakruti is going to happen soon. 
  • Vaijayanti mala – The streaks of pure energy seen at the Ajnya chakra as the aspirant starts his way to the Dashangula. Shri Vishnu wears this auspicious garland made of precious flowers.
  • Mahalaxmi – She emerged from the Ksheer Samudra with the Vaijayanti mala got married to Shri Vishnu and went to Vaikunth with her husband. The tremendousness that ‘Laxmi’ really is. ‘Shri’, seated on a lotus indicates the growth of Vivek and Vairagya in the sadhak. Lotus indicates complete control over Time and the cycles of Time. The Laxmi tantra describes what ‘Laxmi’ really is. At this stage the Sadhak has complete understanding of what creation is really all about. She liberates the sadhak from the bindings of the three gun. This is where you are face to face with Devi Prakruti, ie Satvagun too has been crossed. 
  • Dhanvantari, the deity of Ayurved, with Amrut kalash in his hands indicates the aspirant is ‘healed from the taap-traya, ie Aadhyatmik, Aadhidaivik and Aadhibhoutik sources of pain are destroyed. All types of misery caused by his own actions, by the actions of others or the actions of fate/nature are resolved, cured and healed. Dhanvantari is a form of Vishnu, ie Satva gun and is the deity of Ayurved. We are required to do his pujas on Dhantrayodashi, which comes 2 days before Diwali.
  • Amrut – The energy of non-death. The stage of awareness where death, endings, limits, changes, etc do not exist. There is no beginning nor ending, Moksh. It Is.

Thus the 14 gems of prosperity describe the stages of the aspirant during his sadhana till he realises himself, ie Moksh.

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Rahu and Ketu

Asur Svarbhanu was the child of the Asur King Viprachitta and his Queen Simhika. She was one of the daughters of Prajapati Daksha thus a granddaughter of Brahmadev. In Sanskrit, names have meanings and describe the qualities of the persons they are linked to. Names are Titles, not random meaningless ‘proper nouns’. 

These titles in Devbhasha Samskrutam mean the following

Viprachitta विप्रचित्तः – Vipra means a seer, priest, poet, learned, wise, excited, in-motion, holy, inspired, the highest intelligence. Chitta means intention, notice, aim, mind,  appearance, something you long for, memory, thought, wish, knowledge, reason intelligence and also reflection. So Viprachitta is a pure, elevated intelligence in action.

Simhika सिंहिका – is derived from the root word Simha, which means lion, powerful one, hero, musical tone, etc. Simhika is the movement created by an elevated power.

Svarbhanu स्वर्भानुः – The name Svarbhanu is powerful title in itself, it describes the qualities of this Asur who later became Rahu and Ketu.

  • Svar means vowels, a musical note, sound energy, sunshine, bright space , heaven, the air that you breathe through your nose, the number 7, the space between the Sun and the Dhruv Tara (Dhruv is the pole star, he is the top of the celestial Meru).
  • Bhanu means the Sun, master, king, appearance, ray of light, illumination, etc.
  • Thus Svarbhanu would be the conscious intelligence of the very pran/ vital energy you breathe in. The light you see at the top most point of your internal Meru. The radiance of the king.

The intelligence of the time/ space around the Earth where the Sun and Moon apparently travel is called Svah स्वः In astronomy, Rahu and Ketu are the points where the orbit of the Moon around the Earth intersects with the ecliptic ie the apparent path of the Sun around the Earth. The intersection points of the Sun’s and the Moon’s paths of light are Rahu and Ketu. The divine spark ie the Sun is modulated by the Moon and tied to Earth by Rahu and Ketu.

In your sadhana, if you cross the Ajnya chakra and enter the Sahasrar complex you might find Rahu + Ketu in their united form of Svarbhanu lighting your way right till the very top.

You see, we are all beings of light. In my earlier post somewhere, I had asked you to try this simple test. Sit in a pitch black room. Now what do you see? Darkness? Swirls of coloured light? Streaks of light? A network of white light lines? Or a central white dot? What do you see? Do you see anything at all or is it all dark for you? As you do your Dhyan regularly, you stop seeing darkness. You never see anything to be dark. There will be no night to you. ie even in a pitch black room you will see light, even if you keep your eyes open or closed it will always be bright. This brightness depends on the level of your personal evolution, how much Pran you have managed to channelise into yourself. And this brightness is not external, but internal. It is the brightness of your own self. Just that most of us are so blinded by our own karma that we fail to realise it. We grope around in the dark, we are scared of the dark. But you and me, we are indeed beings of light.

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Svarbhanu

Svarbhanu was a royal prince, born to powerful parents. He was powerful, perceptive, highly intelligent, able to see clearly inspite of the highest illusions which hid the reality around him. If you critically go through the Samudra manthan allegory, among all the Sur and the Asur present in the gathering, only Svarbhanu was able to comprehend that the Mohini standing before them was not what she seemed to be. He was not taken in by the illusion woven by the Satvagun. Only he had this clarity, the perception of the reality, despite the enticing allure of the Maya before him. Svarbhanu was able to maintain his senses in the face of Mohini’s illusions and act decisively. He was a risk-taker, not random rash risks but calculated risks where he thought that he could gain. He was going for the highest prize, the Amrut, essence of non-death. He decided to stand between the Sun and the Moon so that their brilliance would mask his aura. This worked and Mohini, ie Shri Vishnu himself, was unable to recognise him as an Asur and he was given the Amrut. But as he started drinking it, the Sun and the Moon realised that he was Svarbhanu and they alerted the assembly, Shri Vishnu then cut off Svarbhanu’s head with his weapon, the Sudarshan chakra (the kinetic energy of time/space used with intention). But Svarbhanu had already drunk Amrut, his awareness was beyond the coils of birth /death. Thus Rahu, the head and Ketu the headless body were created. These two are also beyond death.

Svarbhanu didn’t believe Mohini’s assurance that the Asur-s too would be given the Amrut, (which was perhaps the truth as after his beheading, Shri Vishnu didn’t give them their share of Amrut.) Thus he was the only Asur who drank Amrut and went beyond death.

Rahu is the start of the eclipse and Ketu is the flaming light that one sees at the end of the eclipse. We, the individual souls/ jivatma residing on Earth are always between them, pulled and pushed by them, in our own individual Ksheer Samudra Manthan. Rahu and Ketu are the energies which bind individual soul/ jivatma to karma, ie Earth. 

They are created from the consciousness of the Svah स्वः by the Maya of the Satvagun using the kinetic power of time/ space. (Time is Kaal and Space are the Dasha Mahavidya). 

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Jyotish is used for objective as well as subjective analysis. Personally after so many years (lives) of horoscopes, objective questions like ‘when will I get a job’ are not exciting any more. Any competent astrologer can answer these objective questions using Jyotish as an Apara Vidya. But Jyotish is also a Ved-ang, a tool for self discovery, a Para vidya. As I open my chart, I see that everything which has happened to me, events, feelings, every tiny thing can be seen from the graha as indicators. I realise that I am quite predictable, so is everyone else. This 5-layered body can be easily deciphered using the graha indicators, no mystery here. So who am I really? A puppet, an actor, the director? These sort of questions lead to spirituality and a desire to know Oneself. Every genuine Jyotishi, Tarot card reader, Rune-caster, Aura-reader etc will eventually turn towards the inner self, it is the actual last frontier.

This is then Rahu Ketu or more correctly Svarbhanu at work.

Why different techniques in Jyotish

A simple post today, in response to a feedback that my blog is getting too astrologically rarefied. 

We understand if a planet is going to give auspicious or inauspicious effects by analysing their natural natures, functional roles, linked signs, houses, their several strengths, the avasthas, the yogs, aspects, divisional charts and so on. There is an over-abundance of techniques in Jyotish that the student often gets confused. But these techniques are necessary as you are analysing real life. No real situation is black or white, there are always so many variables, extenuating factors, mitigating circumstances in every interaction and in every situation. 

Generally we use the ascendant sign as the centre of the horoscope for our predictions or the birth Moon or the birth position of the concerned planet. This is how we learn Jyotish, in steps, by breaking down the analysis into bite-sized portions. But real life does not work like that, it is a connected whole. Every house, every sign, every planet, is at the center of your chart. All these represent various energies that are present in you and in your life, all the time. As an astrologer, you have to be able to combine all these data to get the answer which makes sense to you. (And what makes sense to you may not make sense to me.) So we have a plethora of techniques. Every planet contributes to every situation in some way or the other. As an astrologer, you will have to judge the different principles, concepts, case-studies etc and come to a conclusion. So though there will be several Jyotish software and apps, the real predictions will always come from a human Jyotishi. 

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Analysing a planet is a complex process so here are some relatable examples to help understand why we use the techniques we do.

Eg Your mother has a certain idea about your personality. You behave with her in a certain way and she reciprocates in a certain way. But your father has a completely different idea of you which is accurate from his perspective. Your behaviour with him is different from the way you interact with your Mom. Similarly your spouse, child, friends, business partners, boss, staff, everyone thinks of you in their own different way, each of which is perfectly valid from their point of view. You interact with them in different ways and they respond differently. Thus learn to see the planets in several different ways depending on the question that the client asks, the situation that we put the planet into, the environment he is in, the actions he is supposed to take. 

Eg A strong Sun will give power and a superb political reach, genius level intelligence, but most likely a limited connect with the spouse, inability to create deeply felt one-one relationships etc. You cannot reduce a planet to just ‘favourable’ or ‘unfavourable’, the context and the perception of the ‘desired result’ is crucial.

Eg Suppose your 2nd house is very strong, you are the ideal family member. In this, your 7th house is below par, so individual interactions with the spouse cause strain. And the 5th house is fortified by benefics, so your interactions with your child are pleasing. And the 4th and 10th house lords are conjunct, so you feel happier when you are interacting with both parents together. In the same family setting, there are subtly different results depending on the planets/ houses and their strengths.

Eg You want to get married, you have clear criteria for the ideal husband. You find this guy and marry him. Next you want to start a business. You have your clear criteria for an ideal business partner. You love your husband and appreciate his qualities as a ‘husband’, but you do not go into business with him as he does not have the qualities you want in your ‘business partner’. Both husband and business partner are primarily seen from the 7th house. For husband, the 5th 8th 9th etc also play an important role. For a business, the 10th 11th would be additionally relevant. Similarly for the planets. What is it that you want the planet to do?

Eg You have a job which involves working in office and going for field tours. You like the tour part as travelling feels exciting but you feel suffocated sitting at the office desk. Main reason is that 5 of your planets are in moveable signs. This is your innate nature, abilities and disabilities. Similarly a planet and the signs have several linked activities. They feel comfortable powering a particular activity and neutral/ uncomfortable about the others. Thus analyse the innate nature of the planet/sign and combine it with the functional nature for insights on channelising his energy in the work he likes doing best.

Eg You get a significant promotion, power and visibility increases, but you are posted in a different town. An enviable job profile and family time reduced to a weekend/ month. An outcome is good from one perspective but not from the other. This change occurred when the trigger planet Saturn’s transit in Capricorn was favourable from the ascendant sign, Leo but not from the birth Moon in Taurus. Same planet gives different results from different viewpoints.

Eg You do house work and office work, but enjoy the housework more. It gives you more satisfaction seeing your neat and clean house. Your 4th house lord is in Jagrut state and 10th house lord is in Sushupti. You are more aware when you are setting things right in your house rather than in the office.  The Avasthas are used to gain more insights of this sort. A planet in Jagrut avastha is more aware of the surroundings, more practical, more physical world oriented. A Swapna avastha planet is more imaginative, creative, willing to experiment etc. And a planet in the Sushupti avastha is in deep sleep, he is highly content and not really connected to the material things around him. Someone I know has all his planets in the Swapna or Sushupti avastha. He is not bothered about the material world, is genius level intelligent, creative etc but does not have the least desire to put his these things into physical form. 

Eg Your mindset is more suited for teaching small children, 4th house Mercury. But you are a officer supervising a prison, 10th lord is aspected by Saturn connected to the 12th house. This is diametrically opposite from your natural inclinations, but professional ethics require that you perform. This example is somewhat similar to what a planet feels in his Maran karak sthan.

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Eg You are a sportsperson, a long distance swimmer. You dress up and get ready to compete, but you are taken to a desert and dropped into the ‘sea of sand’ and told to ‘swim’ your way across. This is the concept of debilitation. The environment of the sign is completely unsuitable to the nature of the planet. Such planets are supremely uncomfortable and unable to do much positive stuff.

Eg You go for a movie with your girlfriend. Her Dad sitting in the row right behind you staring at you. This cramps your style. Thus aspects of planets like Saturn and Mars do not allow the others to act freely, put restrictions or threaten violence.

Eg You and your business partner are meeting a client. You set up the meeting in your office room. This important interaction is happening in your own room so you are more confident during the meeting. The client is more impressed by you. Your firm gets the account and the investor insists that you personally handle it. So if there are 2 planets in a house and has one of them has more power, more confidence then he gets the deciding vote on the activities of that house. Evaluate this sort of power using the Shad Bala concepts.

Eg in a similar meeting you and your partners are trying to secure a client. You are the one seated at the head of the table and because of your leading position you aggressively push the firm’s agenda. Again the client wants you to handle the account. This is the Graha yuddha, where the planet at the top position dominates.

Eg A client is trying to decide between your and a rival firm. You tell him that yours is a 4th generation firm, in the same business for the past 100yrs. The rival firm is 2yrs old. You get the client. The power of the result is rooted in the divisional charts. If its source is deep within, then more complete results are expected. This is the Vimshopak Bala.

Eg A client is trying to find more about your firm before he engages you. He asks around and 7 different people come forward and say that you are a very good worker and your firm is the best. They also pledge to support your firm. This is the Ashtakvarga, where you analyse how the other planets support the planet in question. 

Eg Cancer ascendant, Venus exalted in the 9th house. The 9th house is the bhavat bhavam of the 11th. So he will give gains, ancestors will help, elderly female teachers will teach, female deities will give blessings, it will be wonderful. But he is the badhak lord so these 9th things fail to support unless the person understands how the Badhak energies create his life foundations. Badhak is the difference between overt and subtle results. The barrier you have to deeply understand and firmly cross.

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Writing these tiny examples felt like writing mini stories. But this is what you have to do. The planets also represent real life situations. So do not always think of them to be esoteric and spiritual, they are also regular guys operating in a fixed system of rules and regulations.

The very many techniques of Jyotish are necessary and each one gives clarity on one subtle aspect of the situation. So before getting into the math and tables of the technique, try to find out what its concept is all about. This way you can avoid asking questions like, ‘ashtakvarga is good, but planet strength is low, so will be planet be favourable or unfavourable’. There is no answer to these sort of questions. Work out for yourself how this planet performs in your life by studying your chart and life situations.

An important component is the effect of these material results on the Mind. How much ever ‘good’ the result may be, if it does not give satisfaction to the Mind then it cannot considered to be auspicious. Analysing this part can be tricky as this depends on the individual perspective.

Eg. Your 4th house has your 11th house lord in it and Ketu is conjunct the 8th lord in your birth chart. In transit Ketu shifts into your 4th house. You receive a huge amount of money from your mother. But it comes after her sudden death, as a legacy in her will. Would you consider this to be a favourable or unfavourable result?

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Another example, you know that the position of a planet from the Ascendant sign will give physical, tangible results. Suppose your Sun in the 4th house, this is how you will analyse. This is just a small glimpse of the very many things which this simple placement can tell.

  • Typical 4th house keywords so he will give you a job in the government set-up. The residence and vehicle will also be from the government. Your mother will be a government employee. She will be a Sun dominated personality.
  • If this Sun is aspected by benefics, your inner motivation will be to work for your homeland and protect it in some way or the other. You are a patriot at heart. 
  • If this Sun is aspected by malefics then though you work for the government you will try to put in your selfish motives into it, perhaps engage in corruption or behave in ways inimical to the nation or at the extreme become a traitor. There will be loads of self ego.
  • If this Sun is the Badhak lord for your ascendant sign, then he will give a slow growth in the profession, ie bring in hurdles from time to time. He will cause you stress from your mother, homeland, landed property etc.
  • If this Sun is the ruler of the 2nd placed in the 4th then you will earn significant money and make close connections in the governmental and political setup during the course of your job.
  • If this Sun is conjunct your 7th house lord, then you will meet your spouse in your government job or the spouse will be a government employee too.
  • If this Sun is in the Sushupti avastha, these things granted by him will not affect your ego as you go about your work. 

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Finally, yes/ no questions. ‘Should I do so-and-so thing or not? Should I marry this person? Should I take up this job? Should I do this mantra?’. Yes or No, the questioner wants clear directions because he does not want to decide for himself.

And clients get addicted to astrology sessions. Following directions is more comforting than deciding for oneself. Once I heard an astrologer boasting that ‘—— person does not do anything unless he asks me first’.  Most people are scared to take decisions because if something goes wrong, they will have no one to blame for it. A practitioner should never answer Yes and No questions. eg If you tell a client, ‘yes, get married to this woman’, you take on part of his karma on the energy levels. On practical levels, if something goes wrong the client will blame you. For the client too, this sort of question is wrong. He is asking for clear direction, giving the astrologer the power to decide what he should be doing. This interferes with his free will and has karmic implications.

The astrologer and the client have different perspectives. Eg If I see problems due to ancestors, I would suggest he repay their debts. A ritual of about 3-4 hrs and some Rs5000/-. I might think this to be urgent because I may see those angry spirits standing behind the client. He may not. So I suggest and leave it at that. He knows the solution, whether to do it now or later or not do it at all is his free will, nothing to do with me.

A genuine astrologer will open your horoscope and tell you things about yourself, the situation and lay out the possible options. If the horoscope is capable of giving good results, there will be more and potentially auspicious options. If the horoscope is of lower quality, malefic influences and uncomfortable planets, the number of options are lesser and the potential benefits will be lesser. He will discuss the options and suggest remedies. But the choice on which option to act on is wholly the client’s. The client is responsible for his own life and should take his own decisions.

Everyone should take responsibility for what happens to them in life. You can ask your parents, your spouse, your teacher or your astrologer for their opinions. Also request your source of faith to give you the intelligence to choose the correct path and the courage to walk on it. But the final choice, the action and its implications are yours alone.

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Teekshna Danshtra Bhairavashtakam

This is my favourite Bhairav stotra. I use it often to get rid of negative energies or entities around me. And to recharge my personal energy. Its energies are Ugra, intense and can be terrifying if you are not prepared to understand that you are much more than just the physical body.

This is the audio 

And I have written very briefly on the meaning of the verses using the regular meanings of the Sanskrit words, nothing too esoteric, else I would have to write a book on it. This is the beauty of Sanskrit (Devbhasha Samskrutam), a palimpsest, layers and layers of meanings. 

  • Eg Teekshna तीक्ष्ण means pungent, vehement, sharp, also peppers, resins of certain plants like asafoetida, a few trees are called teekshna, sea-salt, rude, rough, poison, keen, iron, inauspicious, hot, haste, harsh, fiery, death, battle, ascetic, weapon, acid, zealous, severe, etc. But what ‘teekshna’ means in this stotra is a matter of understanding as well as experience. Reference to Context. The context is all important.

This stotra is in eight shlok/ verses. Each line begins with a beej mantra. The lines have to be understood in context of the beej mantra which precedes it.

This is a description of the Bhairav, the auspicious one, the fearless one, the terrible, formidable, the highest of the high. He is considered to be an Ugra energy, he will take your sense of tiny individuality firmly and finally merge it into the highest ie himself. He is the destroyer of creation or more correctly he is the one who remains after all creation is annihilated. He is the protector of the Kshetra, ie he protects the seat of the highest divinity within you. Thus he is the ‘nearest’ to the Kshetra (to understand the concept of ‘near’ read the Bhashya on the Mandukya by Adi Shanakracharya). This is the Bhairav of the Vijnyan Bhairav Tantra who helps you reach that highest state of attribute-less-ness which you really are. He is the Shivah, the ultimate auspiciousness itself, ie the Advaita.

(Bhairav is not the personification of the Tamogun (post here). Often the personification of Tamo-gun, is also called Shiv, causing endless and unnecessary confusion.)

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The stotra beings with the sound of the Damaru which is the sound of OM. When you play the Damaru there are binaural beats created which create a subtle sound of Om. Om is the creation (pravrutti) or the moorti of the Advaita (nivrutti). Every stotra has to begin with the sound of Om, so here they have creatively used the Damaru to create the vibration of Om. Om is the conscious intelligence which is the thing of this manifested universe which is closest to the Advaita. Thus Om can be considered to be a Moorti of the Advaita.

The first shlok is,

  • Yam Yam Yam yaksha rupam dasha dishi vidhitam bhumi kampayamanam
  • Sam Sam samhara murtim shira mukuta jata shekharam chandra bimbam
  • Dam Dam  Dam deergha kayam vikruta nakha mukham chordhva romam karalam
  • Pam Pam Pam paap nasham pranamata satatam Bhairavam Kshetrapalam. (1)

Yang – This is the beej mantra indicating the omnipresent, the eternally pure and auspicious one. Every beej mantra recited correctly ends in the ‘ng’ sound (in this recitation they are not pronounced correctly, but the person reciting it has done it with a pure intention, thus there is power in his voice). The ‘ng’ akshar is the enchanting awareness, beautiful intelligence and the attractive consciousness which controls the power of sound ie vibrations. 

He is the sustainer of the forms. He sets the ten directions as per the proper geometry as per the correct rules, ie creates and sustains the universe. The ten directions are the conscious Dasha Mahavidya (post here). He creates the conscious energies who organise the perceived universe. He sets this geometry, situation and objects into motion. He causes them to shake, tremble, vibrate, ie exist. He causes them to apparently change, ie he creates Time. He is everything that exists, all concentrated together. Everything that you see is drawn from him. He is the comprehensive description or a compendium of everything. 

Sang – This is the beej mantra for the one who is the true reason for everything, the one who is the single true description of everything. Also the enchanting intelligence controlling the power of vibrations.

He is the conclusion, ie he remains always. The manifested creation is dissolved back into him. He contracts everything back into himself. He stops the illusion of apparent change. He annihilates duality. His is the energy of the fully expanded Sahasrara chakra, its ‘luminous petals’ stretching infinitely, encompassing everything. The illusions of karma and memories are powered by his energy. The energies of creation flow from the highest point ie him. His highest illumination is reflected off his highest point by his power, this radiance is seen in the third eye during spiritual practice.

Dang – This is the beej mantra for the one who causes increase by granting sustenance. Also the one extremely pleasing to visualise. The enchanting energy controlling the power of vibrations.

He is the depth of this created multitude. He is the only attainable one. He is the deepest sign. He makes all imperfections leave. All unnatural, artificial, misshaped agitations are annihilated by him. All diseased incompleteness is removed by his granting the true intelligence of the source. He makes all energies flow strongly upwards, ie towards the highest apex, towards himself. He is the one who cuts through all bindings strongly and decisively with his sword of light. He is also the mouth of the terrible single pointed energy which devours the illusion called creation. 

Pang – This is the beej mantra of the one who destroys all forms of alternatives, duality, blocks and illusions. The enchanting energy controlling the power of vibrations.

He destroys all forms of evil ie notion of change and duality. All inauspiciousness, trouble, harm, wickedness are nullified, the biggest harm being ignorance of the self. Pran, ie the vital energies are reined in, inclined towards, course towards, are channelised by, always continuously, perpetually, eternally, by such a Kshetrapal Bhairav.

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The second shlok,

  • Ram Ram Ram raktavarnam, katikatita tanum teekshna danshtra karalam
  • Gham Gham Gham ghosha ghosham Gha Gha Gha Gha ghatitam gharjharam ghora naadam
  • Kam Kam Kam kaal pasham Druka Druka drudhitam jwalitam kamadaham
  • Tam Tam Tam divya deham, pranamata satatam, Bhairavam Kshetrapalam. (2)

Rang – This beej mantra indicates the one who burns, increases internal energy, grants special and unusual benefits. The enchanting intelligence controlling the power of vibrations.

He is beautiful, sweet, beloved and auspicious by nature. He uses the energy of sound to play this sport called creation. His attractive form is hidden. He is the subtle pivot of manifestation. He is the fiery, sharp single point, the terrifying energy of time which destroys all illusions and ignorance. 

Ghang – This is the beej mantra indicating the one who grants all auspiciousness and stillness. The enchanting energy controlling the power of vibrations.

He is the sound of the bow string which launches the self towards the Self. He is the power of the vowels of Sanskrit and also the power of vibrations itself. He proclaims his presence with the eternal sound. He is auspiciousness, stillness, also the thundering, roaring, deep energy of the Naada. (Om is created from the Naada, post here). 

Kang – This beej mantra takes away all dangers, duality and poisons. Also grants blessings and boons for positivity and welfare. The enchanting non-dual awareness which controls the power of vibrations.

He is the edge of Time, the boundary till where Time/ Space can exist. He is the fetters which tie the individual soul to fate. He is massive energy at the entrance of the Sushumna. He keeps the Sushumna inaccessible, tightly closed. He is also the fortress of the Eternal. He is the established, fixed, certain, complete, consistent, whole. He is the eternal fiery radiance, always burning. He destroys all illusory enjoyments, pleasures, desires, purposes, longings and also the subjects/ objects of such desires. 

(Time or Kaal is relative. We measure time in reference to changes that we see around us. In Jyotish we measure Time by the movement of the Sun, the Moon, the Nakshatra, Jupiter and the time from sun-rise to sun-rise. These are the 5 types of calculations for ‘year’ that we use in Jyotish. Actually there are 9 ways of measuring Time, of these 5 are used in Jyotish. And there is nothing called ‘Time’. Kaal is a matter of observing one type of change against another type of change, it is basically a series of changes. Might write a post on Kaal.)

Tang – This is the beej mantra which grants all material and subtle things required for true prosperity and is always radiant, true, pure and pleasing. The enchanting consciousness controlling the power of vibrations.

He is manifest as a splendrous divine, beautiful, heavenly, auspicious form. Pran, ie vital energies are reined in, inclined towards, course towards, are channelised by, always continuously, perpetually, eternally, by such a Kshetrapal Bhairav.

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The third shlok

  • Lam Lam Lam Lam Vadanatham La La La La lalitam dirgha jivha karalam
  • Dhum Dhum Dhum dhumra varnam sphuta vikata mukham bhaskaram bhimarupam
  • Run Run Run rundamalam ravi tama nighatam tamra netram karalam
  • Nam Nam Nam nagnabhusham pranamata satatam Bhairavam Kshetrapalam. (3)

Lang – This beej mantra indicates the one with the highest radiance covering all including the the sport called creation. Also the enchanting energy controlling the power of vibrations.

He is the single point of the apex. He is the act of creation of vibration and also its cessation. He is the entrance of the Sushumna. He is the brightest shining extent of creation. (Sushumna is the brightest thing you can see, the light of a million suns and the coolness of a million moons is the actual experience here) He is the graceful, delightful game created by desire. He is the deepest aware energy inherent in all vibrations, ie all changes, ie Kaal. He is the unchanging substrate underlying all apparent change. He is the tongue of fire and the terrifying understanding of Time which burns all illusions. 

Dhung – This beej mantra indicates the one who destroys the illusion of duality, poison, heat of passion and impulse. The complete, abundant and prosperous one. The one with all strengths and the essence of everything. This beej mantra allows the removal of all troubles and allows one to endure in difficult situations. Also the enchanting awareness controlling the power of vibrations.

His form is obscured. His greatness cannot be precisely described. He is dark, ie he has no attributes which can be described in words. His truth is great, unusual and cannot be exactly determined. (Experiencing him is experiencing that the creation is an illusion. This can be a terrifying thought for spiritual aspirants). He is extraordinary, diffused yet apparent. He is certain, evident, real, extensive, spread all over. He is the form of a strange powerful, tremendous, conscious radiance. 

Rung – This beej mantra indicates the one who one who burns, increases internal energy, grants special and unusual benefits and has all possible strengths and is the essence of everything. The enchanting consciousness controlling the power of vibrations.

He is the destroyer of all fake, fraud, artifice, illusory also the gun (post here). He especially destroys the Satva gun (the Raja and Tama are absorbed in Satva again during the course of your spiritual practice. Satva is destroyed by him so that you reach the tri-gunatit avastha, ie Advaita). He removes the darkness which surrounds the internal Sun, ie he provides true aware illumination. He is the third eye, is the depth of the radiant eternal fire burning here. He destroys the illusions of the created worlds with this fire. 

Nang – This is the beej mantra indicating the one who is ever still, silent, peaceful. It grants the ability to enjoy the game of creation and also attain Moksh. The enchanting intelligent radiance controlling the power of vibrations.

He is uncovered, ever new, ever fully visible always. Pran, ie vital energies are reined in, inclined towards, course towards, are channelised by, always continuously, perpetually, eternally, by such a Kshetrapal Bhairav.

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The fourth shlok,

  • Vam Vam vayuvegam natajana sadayam Brahma saram param tam
  • Kham Kham khadga hastam tribhuvana vilayam bhaskaram bhima rupam
  • Cham Cham chalitva achal chala chalita chalitam bhumi chakram
  • Mam Mam mayi rupam pranamata satatam Bhairavam Kshetrapalam. (4)

Vang  This beej mantra indicates the one who makes everything travel, ie go through its life-cycle in time/ space and also travel towards the Eternal. Also attribute-less, enchanting energy controlling the power of vibrations.

He is the speed of the Pran vital energies, ie he controls the Pran. He is the impulse which drives the Pran to fulfil illusory desires, ie causes changes in the Pran. He also gently bends the Pran within each living being to reach the zenith, ie curves the Pran towards himself. He is kind and compassionate, the essence of the highest divine. He is the main point knowledge and the real meaning of wisdom. He is the energy of consciousness, the substance of intelligence. He is the eternal of the eternal. 

(Karma at the very basic is the change in the flow of pran. These changes are caused by intentions. So be very careful about what you intend in life)

Khang  This is the beej mantra for the one who causes tremors, agitations, disturbance, excitement in everything, ie puts everything into motion. Also omnipresent enchanting energy controlling the power of vibrations..

He is the one who dissolves, annihilates the three worlds, (Bhuh Bhuvan Svahah) also the three states of Jagruti, Swapna and Sushupti. He is the terrible tremendous radiance of consciousness. He is the one who can be apparently moved, yet is immovable. 

Chang  This beej mantra destroys everything , ie self-ego, all living beings, all individual souls, the panch Maha-bhoot (post here). The fierce, terrifying and formidable enchanting awareness controlling the power of vibrations.

He apparently creates this universe through vibrations but he is essentially still. He is apart from the movement of matter, objects, worlds and creation. He is beyond limits, beyond extent, beyond creation, beyond place or position. 

Mang  This is the beej mantra indicating the one who is One, Advaita. Also the one consciousness which enchants all rivals and enemies and controls the power of vibrations.

He is the form of Maya, illusion, unreal, conjuring, deception, enchantment. He is ‘not this’. Pran, ie vital energies are reined in, inclined towards, course towards, are channelised by, always continuously, perpetually, eternally, by such a Kshetrapal Bhairav.

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The fifth shlok,

  • Sham Sham Sham shankha hastam, shashikara dhavalam moksha sampurna tejam
  • Mam Mam Mam Mam mahantam, kulamakula chulam mantra guptam sunityam
  • Yam Yam Yam bhootanatham, kili kili kalitam valakeli pradhanam
  • Ang Ang Ang Antariksham, pranamata satatam, Bhairavam Kshetrapalam. (5)

Shang  This is the beej mantra which grants all auspicious benefits of positive actions. The most pure auspicious enchanting intelligence controlling the power of vibrations.

He is Om, all mantra, all vibrations, all sound. He is abundance prosperity and every thing. He is the kundalini which has reached its goal. He is awareness. He is dazzling, pure, without attributes, without blemish, beautiful, bright, illumination. He is the perfect and complete radiance of the realization of Moksh. 

Mang – This is the beej mantra indicating the one who is One. Also who enchants all rivals and enemies. The enchanting energy controlling the power of vibrations.

He is the greatest superior teacher, the Sat-Guru. He is the one who makes the kundalini free from the muladhar and carries her up along the seven chakra towards himself, the highest point. He is the secret mantra which perfectly and constantly brings the kundalini away from her limited set of lower chakras towards the apex. 

Yang  This is the beej mantra for the omnipresent, eternally pure and auspicious one. The enchanting consciousness controlling the power of vibrations.

He is the protector of auspiciousness. He is the lord of all jiv-atma, individual souls. He possesses all prosperity, all worlds, all five mahabhoot all creation. He is the pivot, the pin around which the universes are bound. He is separate from the worlds yet his energy is subtly felt throughout. He is hidden in every bit of existence. This is his game, an amusement for the living beings who inhabit the worlds. He is the understanding of the most highest Intelligence. 

Ang – This is the beej mantra indicating the power of attraction. That essence which is always pulling towards the Self. The omnipresent, eternally present, ubiquitous one. The enchanting consciousness controlling the power of vibrations.

He is the awareness pervading the ‘emptiness’ of space. Everything is filled with the consciousness that is him. Pran, ie vital energies are reined in, inclined towards, course towards, are channelised by, always continuously, perpetually, eternally, by such a Kshetrapal Bhairav.

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The sixth shlok,

  • Khan Khan Khan khadga bhedam vishamamrutamayam kaala kaalam karalam
  • Ksham Ksham Ksham kshepra vegam, Daha Daha dahanam tapta sandipyamaanam
  • Houm Houm Houmkaara naadam prakatita gahanam garjitaih bhumikampam
  • Vam Vam Vam valalilam pranamata satatam Bhairavam Kshetrapalam. (6)

Khang – This beej mantra indicates the one who causes tremors, agitations, disturbance, excitement in everything, ie puts everything into motion. Also the omnipresent enchanting awareness controlling the power of vibrations.

He is the sharp change in perception once you cross over the sword-like sharp boundary of the manifested creation. He is the one who stops the illusion of change. He destroys the concept of ‘division’, ie he is non-dual. He is eternal. The pain which one might feel in knowing that the creation is illusion is immediately converted into the realisation of the Eternal Truth.  He is the destroyer of that destroyer Time. He is the end of death. He is without attributes. He is the sharp sword who strongly breaks the illusion of creation. 

Kshang – This beej mantra indicates the one knower of the essence who exists in the manifested creation as well in the unmanifested consciousness. The form of the highest flame which radiates true illumination. The enchanting consciousness controlling the power of vibrations.

He is the intense impulse for self-realization which seizes the individual soul, jiv-atma. He intensely burns the illusions around the jiv-atma. He completely destroys the concept of individual soul, ie the jiv-atma is completely consumed in his violent irresistible force and is completely absorbed in him. He is the blazing, fiery, burning flame of awareness, intelligence and consciousness.

Houng – This beej mantra indicates the one whose essence is the power and beauty of sound, speech, words, vibrations. Serene, resplendent and pure controller of everything. The one without attributes. The enchanting intelligence controlling the power of vibrations.

He is the roaring thunderous consciousness which creates the Om, ie creation. His presence is announced by the involution of the Om into the even more magnificent Naada. In your spiritual practice, he becomes evident when the Om is absorbed back into the Naada. His denseness, solidity, is manifested only when space/ time is destroyed. The enchanting energy controlling the power of vibrations.

Vang – This is the beej mantra for the one who makes everything travel, ie go through its life-cycle in time/ space and then towards the Eternal. Also the attribute-less enchanting consciousness controlling the power of vibrations.

He plays the game of creation by apparently creating several living beings. He has devised this sport for the amusement of these living beings. Pran, ie vital energies are reined in, inclined towards, course towards, are channelised by, always continuously, perpetually, eternally, by such a Kshetrapal Bhairav.

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The seventh shlok,

  • Sam Sam Sam siddhiyogam sakala gunamukham devadevam prasannam
  • Pam Pam Pam padmanabham hariharamayanam chandra surya agni netram
  •  Aing Aing aishwarya natham satata bhayaharam purnadeva swarupam
  • Roum Roum Roum roudra rupam  pranamata satatam Bhairavam Kshetrapalam. (7)

Sang – This is the beej mantra indicating the one true reason for everything, the one who describes everything. The enchanting energy controlling the power of vibrations.

He is the supreme union of understanding, fulfilment, prosperity, intellect, fortune etc with enlightenment. He establishes the complete attainment of perfection. He is the source of the three gun, Satva, Raja, Tama. He is the vibrations which create the material world. He is the divinity which energises all sense organs. He is the auspicious bright Light which is the source of all radiance. He is lucid, serene, true, pure, pleasing, kind, just, distinct, tranquil and gracious.

Pang – This is the beej mantra indicating the one who destroys all forms of alternatives, duality, troubles, blocks and illusions. The enchanting awareness controlling the power of vibrations.

He is the source of Time, ie he causes the illusion of change and the ability to sense this illusion. He is the opening where the kundalini resides. The centre of strength. He has within him, men, vibrations, worlds, Suns (post here) etc who are all destroyed and re-created in a cyclic manner. His true form is veiled behind the three eyes (right – Sun, left – Moon and third eye – Agni). 

Aing – This is the beej mantra for the one absolutely pure and faultless essence. All the individual souls are dependant on this one essence. The enchanting aware energy controlling the power of vibrations.

He is the owner of all possible prosperity and auspiciousness. He has dominion, supremacy, sway over all. He is uninterrupted, perpetual, constant and eternal. He takes away fear as surely as a sharp sword can cut. He removes the biggest disease ie ignorance. He is filled with radiance. He is the complete, strong, auspicious, perfect, full, entire, contented, abundant, excellent Emperor of all. He is the unknowable cipher. He is always in his own form. The individual soul, jiv-atma is a form of His own splendour.

Roung – This is the beej mantra which burns, increases internal energy, grants special and unusual benefits. Also indicates the ultimate controller whose essence is the power and beauty of sound, speech, words ie vibrations. The enchanting consciousnesses controlling the power of vibrations.

He is the original untamed, unsullied, pure form. He is the formidable fierce irresistible Radiance. He is the fire and also the cold. Pran, ie vital energies are reined in, inclined towards, course towards, are channelised by, always continuously, perpetually, eternally, by such a Kshetrapal Bhairav.

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The eighth shlok,

  • Han Han Han hansayanam hasitakalahakam muktayogatahasam
  • Dham Dham Dham netra rupam shiramukutajata bandha bandhagra hastam
  • Tan Tan tankanadam tridalsatalatam kama garvapaharam
  • Bhrum Bhrum Bhrum bhutanadham pranamata satatam Bhairavam Kshetrapalam. (8)

Hang – This is the beej mantra of the one who is the essence of everything. The power of vibrations. The pure, unmodified source. The enchanting energy controlling the power of vibrations.

He rides the Hamsa mantra, ie achievable after the use of the Ajapa mantra. He has surpassed, defeated all the sources of turbulence. All sources of disagreements, imbalances, arguments, fights, quarrels have been effortlessly neutralised by him. All bindings and associations have been released by him. He scorns the concepts of fake, fraud, illusion, tricks, action, attachments, etc. All unions and combinations dissolve in a easy manner by him.

Dhang – This is the beej mantra which destroys the illusion of duality, poison, heat of passion and impulse. indicates the one who is complete, abundant and prosperous. Having all types of strengths and being the essence of everything. The enchanting energy controlling the power of vibrations.

He is in the form of the guide seen at the third eye, conducting the individual soul, jiv-atma along a twisted route, towards the highest of the high point towards the root of all creation. He finally decisively unites the jiv-atma who has take a single pointed fixed pledge to realise itself with the highest apex experience ie the Advaita.

 Tang – This is the beej mantra which grants all material and subtle things required for true prosperity and is always radiant, true, pure and pleasing. The enchanting energy controlling the power of vibrations.

He is the sound of the sword which cuts off the sense of individual ego and limited self-pride. He dissolves the Om back into the Naada. He dissolves the three Gun back into the perfect base of everything that he himself is. He takes away all illusory desires, impulses, intentions etc. He removes all pride, sense of self-ego, arrogance and individual ego. 

Bhrung – This beej mantra finally silences the individual self-ego. It illuminates the eternal in the living beings. It alleviates the illusion of separation. It grants eternal calmness, peace and contentment. It is formidable strength which strikes terror in all inauspiciousness. Its energy encourages the internal flame, increases the internal fire and grants special and unusual benefits. Also the enchanting energy controlling the power of vibrations.

He is the lord of all existence, all individual souls, all living beings, the five pancha-mahabhoot, all worlds, all creation and everything. Pran, ie vital energies are reined in, inclined towards, course towards, are channelised by, always continuously, perpetually, eternally, by such a Kshetrapal Bhairav.

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  • Namo Bhootanatham

I bow down to that one who is the lord of all individual soul, jiv-atma-s, the five mahabhoot-s, all property, all worlds, etc. The holder of all that there is. 

  • Namo Pretanatham

I bow down to that one who is the possessor of all that has concluded.

  • Namah Kaalkaalam 

I bow down to that one who is the destroyer of all illusions of change. Time is measured in terms of change.

(Change means that there are two things, two states ie duality. He is the destroyer of the illusion of duality.)

  • Namah Rudramalam 

I bow to the one who wears a garlands made of pure awareness and the conscious energy of vibrations. 

  • Namah Kalika premalolam karalam

I bow down that one who out of love (for the seeker, spiritual aspirant), lights up the dark blackness visible at the third eye by a flash of conscious lightening.

(Thus the Kundalini enters the cavernous opening of the Sushumna and in one sweep merges with the Bhairav at the Sahasrara. Thus destroys the illusions of creation and realises the non-dual, Advaita.)

  • Namo Bhairavam Kashikam Kshetrapalam 

I bow down to that one fearless one, the most high, eternal Non-dual awareness. The protector of the highest awareness. The sustainer of the eternal consciousness. The self illuminated, Radiant. The Advaita.

(Kashi when used in the esoteric context is the third eye. The Ajnya chakra is the Kashi-kshetra of the body you reside in. The individual jiv-atma resides here in an ashtapadmadala chakra ‘behind’ the Ajnya chakra or the Kuthastha (post here))

Namah means more than just ‘bow down’! This word means something like the Ultimate power which is the paradox of illusion and wisdom united together. Depth of stillness and flowing movement together. The eternal unborn one in solitude.

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I sometimes recite this beautiful Teekshna Danshtra Bhairavashtak endlessly. Listen to it on a loop for days from time to time. It enchants my mind, silences it, removes all negativity, energises my soul. I was doing this for the past week, immersing myself in it, so thought of writing about it in brief. 

(I have used images of the Shivlingam in this post. Again, the Shivlingam is not connected to the personification of the Tamogun. The Shivlingam is a visual moorti or sign or mark used for the Advaita.)